EMOTIONS Emotion Theories

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EMOTIONS Emotion Theories. AP PSYCH. EMOTIONS. You are outside in your yard, when out of the corner of your eye, you see a large pit bull running your way. It’s snarling its large teeth as it gets close to you. How do you feel? What do you do? Fear, nervous, frightened - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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EMOTIONS Emotion Theories

AP PSYCHEMOTIONSEmotion TheoriesEMOTIONSYou are outside in your yard, when out of the corner of your eye, you see a large pit bull running your way. Its snarling its large teeth as it gets close to you.

How do you feel? What do you do?Fear, nervous, frightenedStart sweating, shaking, run awayEmotions4 part process, that interacts with each other (nonlinear)Physiological arousal how your body responds Fear sets off an alarm in your autonomic nervous system, enabling you to react. Knot in your stomach, heart racing, sweatingCognitive interpretation thinking about your emotionThe more you think about your emotions, the more heightened they becomeThis dog is going to hurt me, I am scared of dogsSubjective feelings- How we feel based on our body reactions and our past experiencesBeing afraid, the time that dog bit me when I was a kid makes me especially scaredBehavioral expressions - Facial expressions, vocalizations, actionScared look on your face, screaming Oh no, run and running awayEmotions involve genetics and learningGeneticsGenetic predisposition for depressionEmotions have survival value and have been shaped by natural selectionGood to fear things that can harm usJealously has evolved to deal with the biological importance of reproducingHumor evolved to serve social purpose - bonds groupsLearningClassical conditioningObservational LearningPaul Ekman basic emotionsPeople understand the same facial language around the worldHumans share universal emotionsSmile happyFrown sad or upsetPeople everywhere can recognize 7 basic emotionsSadnessFearAngerDisgustContemptHappinessSurprise

Two emotion processing pathwaysUnconscious linked to implicit memoryFASTOur body and brain quickly process and respond to incoming stimuliOperates automatically, without deliberate conscious control

Example: jolting up in the middle of the night to a loud noise

Classical conditioningLittle Alberts fear of white objectsConscious linked to explicit memorySLOWERGetting excited when you think about Christmas breakFeeling nervous about a testFeel emotions because we are consciously thinking about them

**Systems are linked: We can have an unconscious fear of heights, and consciously know its irrational, or feel more frightened when just thinking about high places.The Neuroscience of EmotionTHE LIMBIC SYSTEMControl mechanism in brain for the body's attack, defense, and retreat function.known as the "fight-or-flight" response works with ANSWhen parts of the limbic system are electrically stimulated, dramatic changes in emotions are producedAmygdala processes unconscious and conscious emotional messages

The Neuroscience of EmotionReticular FormationDetect emotional reactions, (anger and fear)Works with the thalamusandamygdalato observe incoming information.When a threat is detected, the reticular formation is what sets off automaticphysiological arousal. In return, it may increase heart rate, tense muscles, and trigger sweat and/or a dry mouth.

The Neuroscience of EmotionCerebral CortexMain component in our conscious emotional pathwayInterprets events, associates them with memories

The Neuroscience of EmotionAutonomic Nervous SystemParasympathetic pleasant emotionsSympathetic unpleasant emotions

Brain alerts our body to stressful situations through the Sympathetic NSHeart race, blood pressure rise, etcParasympathetic restores body to regular state to counteract sympathetic, return body to normal

The Neuroscience of EmotionNeurotransmittersSerotonin depressionEpinephrine (adrenalin) fearNorepinephrine - anger