E learning: blended learning

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  1. 1. Department for Education Innovation Academic Induction Programme 2015 Senior Instructional Designers Dr Marius Pienaar (VET) Ms Adriana Botha (EBIT & ASELPH) 9 July 2015 e-Learning
  2. 2. In this session Warm-up: Red flag shout Theoretical overview & Terminology Getting ready: Green flag shout Augmenting clickUP and teaching and learning Cut & Polish Diamond Metaphor Let your diamond module sparkle Housekeeping e-Learning
  3. 3. Activity 1 4 min Warm-up: Red flag shout Think of any words you can associate with the 3 terminologies: 1. eLearning 2. Hybrid Learning 3. Blended Learning Raise your red flag say the number above Say the word Scribe will write it down e-Learning
  4. 4. e-Learning What is e-learning? The use of technology to enable people to learn anywhere and anytime Information is made learner-friendly: apply the principles of instructional and visual design, then produced using authoring tools/software
  5. 5. e-Learning What is e-learning? Made available on the LMS, Web portal or intranet Covers a range of activities from learning online, to hybrid/blended learning (combining traditional and e-learning)
  6. 6. e-Learning What is e-learning? Learning accomplished with the use of electronic media
  7. 7. e-Learning What is NOT e-learning? Putting documents behind glass Adding narration to PowerPoint slides and publishing them Uploading a course on to a LMS without activities and interaction
  8. 8. e-Learning Advantages of e-learning Different learning styles are addressed Development of computer and Internet skills Builds self-knowledge and self-confidence Encourages students to take responsibility for their learning Adds to the classroom environment.
  9. 9. e-Learning Advantages of e-learning Less expensive to produce Self-paced Progresses up to 50 percent faster than traditional courses Eliminates the problems associated with different lecturers teaching slightly different material on the same subject Any location and any time
  10. 10. e-Learning Advantages of e-learning Updated easily and quickly Can lead to increased retention and a stronger grasp on the subject Ability to revisit or replay sections of the training that might not have been clear the first time around It can be easily managed for large groups of students
  11. 11. e-Learning Danger of e-learning Concentrating on the e' and forgetting the all important learning Whatever the technology, learning is the vital element Therefore, the students have to undertake activities which actively engage them and they require feedback on the activities they undertake
  12. 12. e-Learning Disadvantages of e-learning Unmotivated students or those with poor study habits may fall behind Lack of familiar structure and routine may take getting used to Students may feel isolated or miss social interaction
  13. 13. e-Learning Disadvantages of e-learning Lecturer may not always be available on demand Slow or unreliable Internet connections can be frustrating Traditional hands-on courses can be difficult to simulate
  14. 14. face-to-face, technology- mediated, synchronous/ asynchronous What is hybrid learning? Converges fit-for-purpose knowledge sources and communication modes to engage students actively and independently in their own learning lecturer, fellow students, printed text, Internet, other media, workplace, communities e-Learning Within an inquiry-based paradigm
  15. 15. e-Learning What is hybrid learning? Different modes of delivery Promotes a mix of: face-to-face teaching and learning environment distributed teaching and learning environment different frequencies of interaction on campus, in the workplace, at community sites of learning, at a distance and online
  16. 16. e-Learning What is blended learning? Blended learning involves face-to-face on- campus teaching and learning enhanced by appropriate educational technologies to support student engagement inside and outside the contact sessions in most modules.
  17. 17. e-Learning Blended learning Web enhanced content + support Some online resources & discussion groups to supplement classroom-based teaching Web enabled wrap-around model E-learning materials combined with existing resources to create a blended model Includes online discussions, e-tivities, group work Web dependent integrated model Entirely online learning community Collaborative working, peer support, lecturer as facilitator
  18. 18. e-Learning Pros and Cons of blended learning Pro Flexibility Accesibility Best of both worlds Can save time Self-reliant learning Con Can lead to a lack of face-to-face communication The clicking monkey Design choices more difficult Self-reliant learning much needed Important: design!
  19. 19. e-Learning 5minutes Activity 2 5 min Getting ready: Green flag shout Think of more words for: 1. eLearning 2. Hybrid Learning 3. Blended Learning Raise your Green flag say number Say the word Scribe will write it down
  20. 20. e-Learning Functions of clickUP (LMS) To distribute study information To distribute study material (e.g. text, PowerPoint video) To deliver assignments To discuss To peer review To do a formative test & feedback = connect all parts! clickUP (LMS)
  21. 21. e-Learning Alignment In aligned teaching, where all components support each other, students are trapped into engaging in the appropriate learning activities (Biggs, 2002) Integrate all learning tasks fully into teaching clickUP (LMS)
  22. 22. e-Learning Strategy Preparatory activity reading, practical exercises, quiz submit online BEFORE Focal activity lecture, seminar, online discussion incorporate resources DURING Follow on activity build on focal activity, further investigation submit online AFTER Feed into next task clickUP (LMS)
  23. 23. e-Learning Designing the blend Which of the components do you think can be offline, which can be online? Apply this to your course/situation Later we will link this to description of learning tasks clickUP (LMS) Think about it
  24. 24. e-Learning clickUP (LMS) - Designing the blend: Components Offline face to face Online - interaction Lectures Workshops Coaching Practice of skills Working groups Assessment Simulations Consulting of experts Practice of skills Asynchronous: - e-mail - newsgroups / forum Synchronous: - chat - virtual classroom - video conferencing Coaching Document sharing/wiki Working groups Assessment/peer assessment Offline individual Online individual Print media Audio Video Simulations Consulting sources Video on demand Computer based training (CBT) Websites Search engines Simulations Portfolio / reflection Self-assessment Think about it
  25. 25. e-Learning Designing the blend: media choice Task complexity vs. media richness (Heeren, 1996) Technology richness high low highlow Task complexity Effectiveness loss Efficiency loss clickUP (LMS) Think about it
  26. 26. e-Learning Communication: Five Step Model (Salmon, 2003) Log on & make contact Form the online community Exchange information Engage with the learning Apply new knowledge Learner activities Welcome & encourage Find common links Support task Facilitate discussions Link to wider context Lecturer role clickUP (LMS) Think about it
  27. 27. e-Learning Flipping/Scrambling the classroom Flip: A wide variety of teaching styles that largely replace the lecture For material that might have been delivered in lecture format previously, online instruction is provided in advance of the class This allows for time in class to be used in different interactive ways group work, discussion and other forms of highly engaged participatory learning become the norm clickUP (LMS)
  28. 28. e-Learning Flipping/Scrambling the classroom Scramble: With the blended learning approach, the material delivered in a lecture format, is scrambled/mixed with online instruction (hybrid) Allows for time in class for traditional teaching and learning, and for interactive teaching and learning Replacing official contact time with e-tivities clickUP (LMS)
  29. 29. e-Learning Augmenting teaching and learning Various tools: Mashups: streaming video (YouTube), presentations (SlideShare) and images (Flickr) in the course Built-in wiki: students can collaborate on a web page inside our LMS. Students share ideas and resources, present topics to each other, and critique each others work Built-in discussion board: create discussion forums for topic related discussions clickUP (LMS)
  30. 30. e-Learning Augmenting teaching and learning Various tools: Built-in blog: a medium for reflective learning. Students display research, analytical, and communication skills through a series of commentaries meant for consumption and comment in a course Built-in journal: a personal space for private communication between student and lecturer Can be used as a self-reflective tool (opinions, ideas, and concerns about the course) Can be used to discuss and analyse course related materials clickUP (LMS)
  31. 31. e-Learning Augmenting teaching and learning Various tools: Built-in virtual classroom: a medium for reflective learning. Teaching and learning at a distance Collaborate: built-in video-conferencing and collaboration tool Teaching and learning at a distance Online assessment tasks and activities Quick and effective feedback clickUP (LMS)
  32. 32. e-Learning Re-design of your course for blended learning: ADDIE Analysis Design Development Implementation Evaluation clickUP (LMS)
  33. 33. e-Learning Analysis Decide on: Goals, entry knowledge, content Relate these three to each other Generate first idea of tasks Design Design framework for tasks Design general formulation of tasks Decide on ta