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    Thiruvananthapuram Corporation City Development plan

    REPLY TO THE COMMENTS IN THE APPRAISAL REPORT

    ON THE CDP OF

    THIRUVANANTHAPURAM MUNICIPAL CORPORATION

    UNDER JNNURM

    Para wise reply is noted below:

    Para 1. Noted

    Para 2. Noted

    Para 3. Aspects regarding vision and governance which are discussed at differentplaces in the CDP are now integrated.

    Demography, Economy and Land use

    Para 4. The project area considered in the CDP is Thiruvananthapuram UA (TUA)as per Census of India 2001. The past trend of population growth was not discussedearlier as the figures may mislead a reader since the area of TUA has been changing inthe last three decades. To help comparative study, the present TUA area figures arecomputed for 1991 &1981. Discrepancies may occur since a whole panchayat areawas not included in the UA but only a part of the panchayat is considered as CensusTown (CT) or Out Growth (OG). In spite of this an attempt is made to compute the pastarea and relevant population to facilitate a comparative study. (Table 3.5 A). Tables 3.5A (1).3.5 A ( 2 ) & 3.5 A (3) under Para 5 may also be seen.

    Table 3.5 A

    2005 2011

    1 Thiruvananthapuram M.C 483086 524006 744983 753550 835228 3.58

    2 Kazhakkuttam (OG) - 12515 14410 14743 15084 1.15

    3 Sreekaryam (OG) - 17245 21431 21927 22434 1.24

    4 Kudappanakkunnu (OG) - 33534 38175 39058 39962 1.13

    5 Vattiyoorkavu (OG) - 33653 41890 42859 43850 1.24

    6 Kovalam (OG) - 25419 28746 29411 30091 1.13

    2001

    EstimatedAverage

    Annual

    Growth

    Rate

    Sl.

    NoCONSTITUENT UNITS OF TUA 1981 1991

    1

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    Thiruvananthapuram Corporation City Development plan

    Table 3.7 gives details of the TUA as per Census of India, 2001Table 3.9 falls in Vizhinjam Panchayatgives a picture of the panchayat 5 where theseoutgrowths fall. It may be noted that Kovalam (OG)The change in total populationfigures in Table 3.7 and Table 3.9 (2001 figure) speaks for the variation in the areas ofoutgrowths and the panchayat where these outgrowths fall.

    The population growth in the TUA cannot be split into natural increase and migrationsince such figures are not collected by the Census. Moreover comparing with thepopulation increase at the district level for separating the natural growth and attemptingto identify migration after subtracting from such natural increase may not give a correctpicture since natural increase in the district and the city area may not be comparable.Keralas urbanisation is such that rural to urban migration is marginal, and populationgrowth within the TUA but outside the city is substantial. The increasing rate ofurbanisation in the peripheral panchayat areas around the earlier city area of 74.93 sqkm during the last two decades is clearly reflected in the rate of growth of population inThiruvananthapuram Urban Agglomeration. Hence data as per Table 2 of Toolkit couldnot be included.

    Defining the CDP areaPara 5. Since the TUA area is changing during the last few decades, it has not beenpossible to discuss the same area as TUA over a period of three decades. Table 3.8shows the constituent units of TUA and the name of the local body in which these unitsfall, with area and population as per 2001 Census.Tables 3.5, 3.6 and 3.7 theconstituent units of TUA in 1991, 1991 & 2001 give a better understanding of thevariation in the constituent units of TUA over the three decades which henceforthremain un comparable.Table 3.8 : Variation in the Demographic details of Thiruvananthapuram UrbanAgglomeration and the Constituent local bodies, 2001.

    Sl.No. ConstituentUnits

    of TUA

    Areasq.km

    Population2001

    Name of LocBody

    Area 2001sq.km

    Population2001

    1Thiruvananthapuam

    (MC )141.74

    744983 ThiruvananthapuraMunicipalCorporation

    141.74 744983

    2 Kazhakkoottam(OG)

    5.03 14410 Kazhakkoottampanchayath

    19.47 34131

    3 Sreekariyam (O 8.87 21431 Sreekariyampanchayath

    23.73 49145

    4 Kudappanakkunu (OG)

    7.69 38175 Kudappanakkunnupanchayath

    7.69 38175

    5 Vattiyoorkavu(OG)

    11.11 41890 Vattiyoorkavupanchayath

    11.11 41890

    6 Kovalam (OG) 3.33 28746 Vizhinjampanchayath

    12.62 47170

    TOTAL 177.77 889635 TOTAL 216.36 955494

    Source : census of India, 2001

    2

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    Thiruvananthapuram Corporation City Development plan

    Table 3.6 : Demographic Details of Thiruvananthapuram Urban Agglomeration,1991

    sl.no Constituent Unitsof TUA

    Areasq.km

    Population 1991

    1 ThiruvananthapuramMunicipal Corporation 74.93

    524006

    2 Kazhakkoottam (OG) 5.02 12515

    3 Thumpa (OG) 16.03 33880

    4 Sreekariyam (OG) 8.87 17245

    5 Cheruvikkal 8.7 21286

    6 vattiyoorkavu (OG) 10.61 33653

    7 Thiruvallom (OG) 12.69 31868

    8 Kovalam (OG ) 4.68 25419

    9 Ulloor ( CT ) 7.97 25719

    10 Kudappanakkunnu(CT ) 7.69 33534

    11 Anayara (CT ) 8.14 24541

    12 Nemom (CT ) 12.87 42559

    TOTAL 178.20 826225

    Source :census of India, 1991

    Table 3.5 : Demographic Details of Thiruvananthapuram UrbanAgglomeration, 1981

    Sl. Constituent Unitsof TUA

    Areasq.km

    Population 1981

    1 ThiruvananthapuramMunicipal Corporati

    74.93 483086

    2 Thumba (OG ) 10.67 16445

    3 Kadakampally ( CT ) 8.14 20594

    TOTAL 93.74 520125

    Source :census of India, 1981

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    Thiruvananthapuram Corporation City Development plan

    Table 3.10 : Literacy Rate

    1981 1991 2001

    M F Total M F Total M F Total

    State 75.2 65.7 70.42 93.62 86.17 89.81 94.24 87.72 90.86

    District 75.2 65.8 70.50 92.84 85.76 89.22 92.64 86.14 89.28

    Thiruvananthapura 80.0 72.6 76.31 94.82 89.73 92.24 95.12 90.30 92.66

    Outgrowths

    Kazhakkuttam 81.2 70.6 76.05 95.56 89.40 92.87 96.06 89.48 92.64

    Sreekaryam 82.1 73.8 80.84 96.84 91.74 94.24 97.34 93.39 95.30

    Kudappanakkunnu 79.2 72.1 76.13 96.2 91.52 94.43 97.01 92.52 94.71

    Vattiyoorkavu 78.8 71.3 75.30 94.2 88.89 92.25 94.90 89.66 92.21

    Kovalamdata

    not availab 70.0 66.2 68.60 76.95 72.18 74.63

    source computed from the Census data

    Para 6 : The literacy rates for the constituent units in the TUA are given in 3.10 Table.These figures are derived based on comparative studies

    The slum population of TMC given as 11667 is taken from the Census, 2001.It maybe noted that the state government or the TMC has not notified any urban slum,though the Kerala Slum (Improvement and Clearance) Act,1980 has provisions fornotification of slums. The Department of Town &Country Planning had carried outstudies on urban slums and published report on urban slums in Kerala in 1985 andmodified in 1995. Since these figures cannot be adopted in 2006 and also since the

    City area has almost doubled in 2001, the CDP had to adopt the survey on urban poorconducted by the GOK under the BPL survey, 2001.This survey has identified 1,20,367persons within the city area of 141.74 sq.km to be falling under the category of urbanpoor based on the identification criteria laid down for the BPL. Since this is an officialGOK figure, this is adopted in the CDP. This obviously means that majority of theurban poor live outside the urban slums.

    Para 7 Economic Role of TUA

    Thiruvananthapuram Urban Agglomeration comprising the capital city of

    Thiruvananthapuram is not an industrial region. The main functional role as reflected inthe occupational structure is services which comprise mainly of Government jobs andtrade &commerce.

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    Thiruvananthapuram Corporation City Development plan

    Category of workers in Thiruvananthapuram UrbanAgglomerat ion is given below.

    Cultivators Agriculturallabourers

    Workers inhousehold

    Other WorkersPerson/

    Male/Female

    TotalWorkers

    (Main+Marginal)

    Number

    % Number

    % Number

    % Number %

    Thiruvananthapuram(MC)

    PMF

    24805418738560669

    16789124164373

    6.86.67.2

    30952234387514

    12.512.512.4

    1566463189346

    6.33.4

    15.4

    18464914521339436

    74.477.565

    Kazhakkuttam(OG)

    PMF

    45063515991

    31322984

    7.06.58.5

    24820741

    5.55.94.1

    381820

    0.80.52.0

    39.73061846

    86.787.185.4

    Sreekaryam(OG)

    PMF

    700152501751

    17616313

    2.53.10.8

    30828721

    4.45.51.2

    1306934

    1.91.81.9

    638747041683

    91.289.696.1

    Kudappanakkunnu(OG)

    PMF

    1225891603098

    12811414

    1.01.20.4

    33629937

    2.73.31.2

    1439152

    1.21.01.7

    1165186562995

    95.194.596.7

    Vattiyoorkkavu(OG)

    PMF

    14068109403198

    958114

    0.70.70.4

    40235250

    2.93.21.6

    29921584

    2.12.02.7

    13272102922980

    94.394.195.3

    Kovalam (OG) PMF

    83867533853

    533320

    0.60.52.4

    665412

    0.80.71.4

    32629630

    3.93.93.5

    79417150791

    94.794.992.7

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    Thiruvananthapuram Corporation City Development plan

    Distribution of Main workers in Thiruvananthapuram UA is given below.

    Table 2.14: Distr ibution of main workers in TUA

    Sl.No

    Type of works Mainworkers

    1981

    % to totalmain

    workers1981

    Mainworkers

    1991

    % of totalmain

    workers1991

    Totalmain

    workers2001

    % to totalmain

    workers2001

    1 Cultivators 95