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Christianity Spreads. New Converts bring the message of Christianity to the Roman Empire Places that add to the Christian Community: Syria Asia Minor Greece Italy France (Gaul) Spain Northern African Coast - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Christianity SpreadsNew Converts bring the message of Christianity to the Roman EmpirePlaces that add to the Christian Community:SyriaAsia MinorGreeceItalyFrance (Gaul)SpainNorthern African CoastMany of these places provide leaders for the Church.

  • Rise of ConstantineHere is the story againSelected by his troops as the new emperor around 312.Had the vision and was the use a the sign XP (chi-rho) two letters of Christs name.He attributes victory to Son of God.Legalizes Christianity313 CE Edict of Milan Allows Christians to worship freely.324 CE Const. defeats the Eastern Roman Emperor and moves capital to Byzantiumwhich becomes Constantinople (Istanbul)


  • Rise of Constantine continued""

    From this point onward in this history of the Church there is often ties and dependency on the political structure.In 380 CE, the Emperor Theodosius declares Paganism illegal and places Christianity as the Religion of the Empire.

  • Conflict within the ChurchHeresies-beliefs contrary to the basic beliefs. These begin in the 2nd century.Gnosticism-Believe that all material things (including human body) are evilJesus was divine but not humanSalvation was a special privilegeThe Church held that the Gospels and Epistles refute this heresy.St. Irenaeus refutes this heresy and moves for a declaration of faith. I.E. Apostles Creed.

    ArianismDenial of Jesus divinityThis heresy of cause conflict in the Chruch for several centuries.The name comes from an Alexandrian priest named, Arius.Constantine called the Bishops together to solve this problem.The Council of Nicaea meets in 325 CE in Nicaea across from Constantinople.Arianism continues to cause problems depending on who was the political leader of the timeAthansius becomes a strong oppoenet of Arianism.He is forced from his position as Bishop five time often going to the desert for safety.Theodosus bans Arianism as well as Paganism.

  • Chapter 5 MonasticismCirca 270 CESeeking Spiritual truth in the wildernessWrestle with their own demonsLeaving the world to seek HolinessFrom the Greek Word Monos-aloneSome were wisdom figuresToward purity of heart.Seeking solitude to praySelf-sufficientRejected soft Christianity

  • Wisdom AboundsWhen we pray we choose to grow. Joyce RuppFor it is in giving that we receive St. FrancisThe interior is the essential. WJCGod cannot be known only loved. Richard RohrYou know that our Lord does not look at the greatness or the difficulty of an action but at the love with which you do it! What then do you have to fear? St. Therese of LiseuxPerhaps I am more powerful than I think Thomas Merton

    The present moment is never unbearable if you live it fully. Anthony De MelloMy Yoke is easy and my burden light. Luke 10:20Can any of you, for all your worrying, add a single moment to your life. (Lk. 12:26)I live now not my own life, but the of Christ who lives in me. Galatians 2:20Hope frees us from the need to predict the future. This allows us to live in the present. Henri Nouwen

  • St. Antony of Egypt, St. Basil, and St. JeromeSt. Antony of EgyptFirst to go out into the desert and begin the practice of monasticismOrganized colonies of hermits (what are hermits?)St. BasilFirst to organize the hermits under one roof.Wrote a rule for the monks. This rule helped with order and structure of their community life.

    Important parts of St. Basils rule:Simple dressSimple food/mealsDo works of mercyObey the AbbotApply the GospelsWorkSt. JeromePagan convert to ChristianityBecame hermit and was well educated in Latin, Greek, and Hebrew.Secretary under Pope Damasus. The pope instructs Jerome to translate all biblical texts into Latin. This becomes known as the Latin Vulgate.This is the basis for the New Testament

  • Sayings of Abba Antony5. He also said, "Whoever has not experienced temptation cannot enter into the Kingdom of Heaven."4. Abba Anthony said to Abbe Poemen, "This is the Great Work of a man: always to take the blame for his own sins before God and to expect temptation to his last breath."Be saved."32. Abba Anthony said, "I no longer fear God, but I love Him. For love casts out fear." (Jn 4:18)

  • Monday, September 24PrayerGrade Q45.1Reminders: Read pgs. 89-100 and finish Ch. 5. Test 3 will be over Chapters 4 (pg. 75 to 100) and all of Chapter 5; Quarter I Project.St. AmbroseAugustine and Thomas Merton

  • Ambrose and AugustineAmbroseGovernor of MilanElected Bishop pero not a ChristianAdmin. of ChurchStudent of ChristianityPastorTeacher of ChristianityHelped convert Augustine.AugustineA wild broAdopts Manchiean philosophyGod of goodGod of evilStudent of Platos PhilosophiesListens to Ambrose and convertsWrites the ConfessionsElected bishop of HippoDonatist and City of God

  • Merton and Augustine (pg. 92)Every moment and every event of every man's life on earth plants something in his soul.A life is either all spiritual or not spiritual at all. No man can serve two masters. Your life is shaped by the end you live for. You are made in the image of what you desire.Happiness is not a matter of intensity but of balance, order, rhythm and harmony.The beginning of love is to let those we love be perfectly themselves, and not to twist them to fit our own image. Otherwise we love only the reflection of ourselves we find in them.Art enables us to find ourselves and lose ourselves at the same time.Love is our true destiny. We do not find the meaning of life by ourselves alone - we find it with another.We are not at peace with others because we are not at peace with ourselves, and we are not at peace with ourselves because we are not at peace with God. Faith is to believe what you do not see; the reward of this faith is to see what you believe.Men go abroad to wonder at the heights of mountains, at the huge waves of the sea, at the long courses of the rivers, at the vast compass of the ocean, at the circular motions of the stars, and they pass by themselves without wondering.Forgiveness is the remission of sins. For it is by this that what has been lost, and was found, is saved from being lost again.What does love look like? It has the hands to help others. It has the feet to hasten to the poor and needy. It has eyes to see misery and want. It has the ears to hear the sighs and sorrows of men. That is what love looks like.Give me chastity and continence, but not yet.If you believe what you like in the gospels, and reject what you don't like, it is not the gospel you believe, but yourself.Love is the beauty of the soul.Pray as though everything depended on God. Work as though everything depended on you.The World is a book, and those who do not travel read only a page.Do you wish to rise? Begin by descending. You plan a tower that will pierce the clouds? Lay first the foundation of humility.

  • Tuesday, September 25PrayerTest Details: Part 1 is typical; Part 2 potential short answer essay questions: Thomas Merton, St. Aug., St. Antony; St. AugustineRole of the Pope on da riseLeo the Great

  • Role of Pope on da risePope from the Greek Pappas meaning fatherRoman Empire in the west is falling apartBishops were leaders, usually elected and having the confidence of the peopleChurch was respected and church was organized, while the state is disorganized. The Church had a structure led by the pope.

  • LEO the GREAT