Industrialization Spreads

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Industrialization Spreads. Ch 25 section 3. Great Britain wants to dominate. Great Britain wants to keep the secrets of industrialization to themselves. They forbid their engineers, mechanics, and toolmakers form leaving the country. Secretly came to the United States in 1789. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript of Industrialization Spreads

  • Industrialization SpreadsCh 25 section 3

  • Great Britain wants to dominateGreat Britain wants to keep the secrets of industrialization to themselves. They forbid their engineers, mechanics, and toolmakers form leaving the country.

  • Samuel SlaterSecretly came to the United States in 1789. He built a spinning machine from memory. He became wealthy and eventually owned 13 spinning mills.

  • Slater Mill Pawtucket, RI

  • Moses BrownOpened the first factory in Pawtucket Rhode, Island He used Slaters machines to produce thread.

  • Francis Cabot Lowell In 1813, Francis Cabot Lowell and 4 other investors revolutionized the American textile factory. They mechanized every stage in the manufacture of cloth. They set up factories in Waltham, MA. When Lowell died, the town was named Lowell, MA. By the late 1820s Lowell, MA became a huge manufacturing center.

  • Mill GirlsThousands of young, single women, flocked to these mills to find work. Average age was 24They were watched closely inside and outside the factory to make sure they behaved properly. They worked 12 hours per day, 6 days per week for decent wages. For some women, the only alternative to working in the mill was becoming a servant.

  • Lowell Girls Lived in nearby boarding housesMen were not allowedExpected to attend church regularly. Curfew was at 10p.m.Expected to have high standards and demonstrate good values

  • There was a great deal of industrial growth in the northeast during the 1800s. However, the US remained mostly agricultural until after the Civil War ended in 1865.

  • Technological BoomLight bulbTelephoneRailroads

  • BelgiumA carpenter, William Cockerill, from England went to Belgium in 1799. He carried secret plans for building a spinning machinery. His son, John, eventually built an enormous industrial enterprise in Belgium. They produced machinery, steam engines, and railway locomotives.

  • GermanyImported British equipment and engineersSent their children to England to learn industrial managementBuilt railroads to connect major citiesEconomic strength led Germany to develop military power

  • Other European CountriesBohemia- spinningSpain- cottonNorthern Italy- textile, silk spinningRussia- serfs ran factoriesFrance- railroads

  • Geographical BarriersAustria-Hungary could not build railroads due to huge mountains. Spain lacked good roads and waterways for canals.

  • Worldwide ImpactShifted world balance of power. Promoted competition between industrialized nationsIncreased poverty in less developed nations

  • Global InequalityWidened gap between industrialized nations and non-industrialized nations. Many industrialized nations sold goods to non-industrialized nations at high prices. Countries began using exploiting their colonies for their natural resources.

  • Imperialism The policy of extending one countrys rule over many other landsGave more power and wealth to the already wealthy, industrialized nationsImperialism was born out of the cycle of industrialization, the development for new markets around the world, and the need for resources to supply the factories.

  • Society TransformsIndustrialization gave Europe tremendous economic power. Much of Europe could produce goods faster and cheaper.Despite the hardships of the early urban workforce, population, health, and wealth eventually rose dramatically in all industrialized countries. The development of a middle class created great opportunities for education and democratic participation, which also helped fuel a powerful movement for reform.

  • Economies of Asia and Africa were still based on agriculture and small workshops.