Cake Decorating

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  • UNIVERS ITY OF WYOMING ! COOPERAT IVE EXTENS ION SERV ICE ! MARCH 2001 ! 4 -H 42500

  • Issued in furtherance of Cooperative Extension work, acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914, in coopera-tion with the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Glen Whipple, Director, Cooperative Extension Service,University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming 82071.

    Persons seeking admission, employment, or access to programs of the University of Wyoming shallbe considered without regard to race, color, religion, sex, national origin, disability, age, politicalbelief, veteran status, sexual orientation, and marital or familial status. Persons with disabilitieswho require alternative means for communication or program information (Braille, large print,audiotape, etc.) should contact their local UW CES Office. To file a complaint, write the UW Em-ployment Practices/Affirmative Action Office, University of Wyoming, P.O. Box 3434, Laramie,Wyoming 82071-3434.

    Graphic Designer: Tana Stith, College of Agriculture, Office of Communications and Technology

    Prepared by:

    Ronda Whitman, Albany County 4-H Leader

    Acknowledgements:

    Appreciation is extended to Wilton Enterprises, Inc., whose publications have served asreference in the preparation of this 4-H manual, and for samples of techniques illustrated.

  • 1PROJECT INFORMATION

    IntroductionIntroductionIntroductionIntroductionIntroductionWhen you bake and decorate a cake for a specialoccasion, the smiling faces around the table willbe your greatest reward.

    After a few lessons and a lot of practice you willbe able to decorate beautiful cakes for birthdayparties, anniversaries, and other special days.You can practice on practice boards, waxedpaper, or freezer paper (waxed side up) taped tocardboardor even a cake pan turned upsidedown. Once you decorate the practice surface,scrape the icing off and use it over again.

    Cake decorating recordsCake decorating recordsCake decorating recordsCake decorating recordsCake decorating recordsKeeping records or descriptions of your decoratedcakes is important. Either take a picture or drawa simple diagram of each cake you decorate, thengive a short explanation of what you did andwhat you learned, even if you had problems.Also, keep a record of expenses and compare theamount to what it would have cost to buy adecorated cake.

    Cake decorating levelsCake decorating levelsCake decorating levelsCake decorating levelsCake decorating levelsThe 4-H Cake Decorating Project offers fourlevels. These levels are:

    Level 1: Beginning cake decoratinglets begin.

    Level 2: Intermediate cake decoratingflatsurface flowers, roses, and layer cakes.

    Level 3: Advanced cake decoratingstackedcakes, side decorations, lily nail flowers, andmore flowers.

    Level 4: Master cake decoratingdesign yourown.

    This cake decorating manual contains goals,skills, and techniques for the projects four levels.Study these goals and establish your own goals

    PROJECT INFORMATIONPROJECT INFORMATIONPROJECT INFORMATIONPROJECT INFORMATIONPROJECT INFORMATIONeach year. Refer to the table of contents to findinformation for each project level.

    Place this manual in a loose-leaf binder. You maywant to keep your cake decorating records in thesame binder and add other information as youprogress.

    Basic suppliesBasic suppliesBasic suppliesBasic suppliesBasic supplies1. Straight-sided cake pan or pans, preferably 8

    inches round, 3 inches tall.

    2. Metal spatula with a rounded end (8 inchesor 11 inches, depending on your hand size).

    3. Decorating bags, three types are available. Featherweight or plastic bag with or

    without coupler. (The coupler allows thedecorator to change tips on the samebag.) Beginners should start with three10-inch Featherweight bags.

    Clear plastic disposable bags, usuallyavailable in packages of 12 or 24.

    Parchment or plastic-coated freezer paper.

    4. Decorating tips (see your particular level forspecific tips needed).

    5. Three types of food colorings Paste color Liquid coloring Powdered coloring

  • 2 PROJECT INFORMATION

    6. Box for storing all supplies together. Mark allsupplies with your initials for easy identifica-tion, and store tips separately as they can beeasily dented or bent. Tips can be markedwith an engraver or fingernail polish.

    7. Folder to hold your manual, cake records,and other paperwork.

    8. Flat plate or cake board for displaying deco-rated cake.

    9. Revolving cake stand or turntable (optional).

    4-H cake decorating4-H cake decorating4-H cake decorating4-H cake decorating4-H cake decoratingThe Wyoming 4-H Cake Decorating project isdivided into four skill levels:

    LEVEL 1: The Beginning Decorator

    Members will learn to bake and frost single-layercakes and learn simple decorating procedures.

    LEVEL 2: The Intermediate Decorator

    Members will learn how to bake two-layer cakesand make flat surface flowers, simple flower nailflowers, roses, a variety of borders, and specialeffects like Cornelli lace, lattice work, basket-weave, and others.

    LEVEL 3: The Advanced Decorator

    Members will learn to bake stacked and tieredcakes, master all flat surface flowers, and learn tomake flowers using the lily nail.

    LEVEL 4: The Master Decorator

    Members will design their own projects using theskills learned from previous levels.

    Skills, techniques, and goalsSkills, techniques, and goalsSkills, techniques, and goalsSkills, techniques, and goalsSkills, techniques, and goalsThe skills and techniques learned in this projectare listed in the chart found on pages 3 to 8.They are divided by subject with the skill levellisted down the left side of the chart. Your 4-Hleader and parents can help you identify theskills you want to learn according to the level inwhich you are enrolled. Then, as the yearprogresses, you can check to see what you havelearned and what you still have to do. Refer topages 3 through 8 in this manual to see what willbe learned in each level.

    You might like to try a technique above your skilllevel, and you may have to repeat some methods.However, you should master the minimumnumber of required items in each decoratinglevel before moving on to the next level. Stay in alevel for more than one year if you have notmastered the required skills.

  • 3PROJECT INFORMATION

    Decora t i n g Decora t i n g Decora t i n g Decora t i n g Decora t i n g sssssk i l l s and k i l l s and k i l l s and k i l l s and k i l l s and ttttte chn iquesechn iquesechn iquesechn iquesechn iques

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    LEVEL

    SKILLS AND TECHNIQUESWrite year accomplished in small box. Notes or comments

    THE CAKEMaster all the items in your level before advancing to the next level.

    1, 2 Bake and prepare level cake

    1 Prepare single-layer cake (minimum 5)

    1, 2 Prepare cut-up cake

    1, 2 Prepare a cake in a shaped specialty pan

    2 Prepare one- and two-layer cakes (minimum of 5)

    2,3 Cut cakes for serving using different methods

    3 Prepare a level, stacked cake

    3 Prepare a level, tiered cake

    FROSTING THE CAKEMaster all the items in your level before advancing to the next level.

    1, 2 Achieve proper consistency of icing for frosting the cake

    1, 2 Frost a smooth cake for decorating

    2 Prepare a "filled" cake

    ICINGSMaster all the items in your level before advancing to the next level.

    Achieve the proper consistency for making the following:

    BUTTERCREAM ICING

    1 Decorations of stars, flowers, leaves

    1, 2 Borders

    1, 2 Writing

    2 Flowers

    2 Combination borders

    2 Figure piping

    2, 3 Side decorations

    3 Drop string work

    ROYAL ICING

    2, 3 Flowers

    2, 3 Figure piping

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  • 9PROJECT INFORMATION

    Level 1: Beginning cake decoratingLevel 1: Beginning cake decoratingLevel 1: Beginning cake decoratingLevel 1: Beginning cake decoratingLevel 1: Beginning cake decorating Two drop flower tips (one large and one

    small) - 224 or 107 and 131 or 193

    3. Practice surface

    4. Optional:

    Special moldssugar, candy, and gelatin

    Shaped cake pans

    GoalsGoalsGoalsGoalsGoals1. Develop basic skills in cake decorating.

    2. Combine color, design, and flavors in apleasing way.

    LETS BEGINLETS BEGINLETS BEGINLETS BEGINLETS BEGINSuppliesSuppliesSuppliesSuppliesSupplies1. Basic supplies listed for all units (Project

    information, page 1).