Athens and Sparta Hellenistic Culture. Objective: – SWBAT list the difference...

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Athens and Sparta

Athens and SpartaHellenistic Culture Objective: SWBAT list the difference between Athens and Sparta SWBAT describe the Hellenistic Culture that Alex the Great created Do now: What is a city-state? ( look back at the geography lesson) Activity: Comparing the Greek city states activity Reading on Peloponnesian War Assessment: Collection of graphic organizer Homework: Period 5: WHS--- A Struggle for PowerPeriod 3 : Day 1: Athens: The Spirit of Learning Read and answer questions Day 2: Sparta: The Home of the Brave Read and answer questions

City States:

A city-state is a political (government) unit that was made up of people from the town or city. Why did Greece have to create city states?

Greece had to have city-states because of its geography. The archipelago and the mountains made it hard for the Greeks to stay united, so they were basically forced to create city-states. Two major city-states that emerged in Greece were Sparta and Athens.

Athens

Athens is known for having the first democracy in the world. A democracy is a form of government in which people can vote. Athens had a direct democracy, which means that all citizens (adult males born in Athens) were able to vote on laws. Unlike Sparta, which focused mainly on war, Athens focused heavily on culture and is known for its philosophers (Socrates, Aristotle, Plato) and writers (such as Homer).

Sparta

A military society where men spent almost all of their lives training for warfare. People in Sparta had very little freedom.

Activity See attached Peloponnesian WarThere was a war between Athens and Sparta called the Peloponnesian War. This war lasted for 30 years until Sparta won. Reading on War

Alexander the Great:

Alexander the Great was the king of Macedonia, which is the area above Greece. He wanted to bring all of the Greek city-states under control, and that is exactly what he did! He conquered most of the Mediterranean world.

10Since he conquered most of the ancient world many cities were named after him. In addition, he spread the Greek culture throughout his empire. What is this called? _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________Hellenistic CultureHe spread the Greek language, education and traditions. Even the architecture is Greek. This made it very easy to travel and trade throughout the empire. Under his rule an new way of life emerged. This is called the Hellenistic Culture, which is a blend of Greek, Persian (Iran), Egyptian, and Indian influence. PIGE Even after he died and his kingdom was divided up amongst his top leaders the culture still thrived.

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