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Transcript of ch 5 sec 5 Hellenistic culture - world... · Spread of Hellenistic Culture ... middle class in...

  • 10/30/12

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    Chapter 5 Sec 5 Spread of Hellenistic Culture

    Greek Culture had spread because of Alexander (Nile, Asia, India)

    Spread of Greek Culture helped middle class in Hellenistic Age

    Hellenistic Culture Alexandria, Egypt - (20 cities named after Alexander the Great)

    Trade- major city, commercial center (hub) Trade routes- cultures continue to mix

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    Hellenistic Culture Alexandria, Egypt - Trade- major city, commercial center (hub) Trade routes- cultures continue to mix

    Increase in trade,

    New Ideas, new values Women go out in public, have more rights Women could own property

    Hellenistic Culture Polis decline (city) People turn to religion and philosophies Satisfy needs of belonging

    Monarchy replace them slowly

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    Hellenistic Culture Polis decline (city) People turn to religion and philosophies Satisfy needs of belonging

    Monarchy replace them slowly

    Religion and Philosophy - begin to see connection between the kings and religion.

    4 schools of Philosophers (Ethics)

    Hellenistic Culture 4 schools of Philosophers (Ethics)

    Cynicism - live simple lives without regard for pleasure, wealth & social status

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    Hellenistic Culture 4 schools of Philosophers (Ethics)

    Cynicism - live simple lives without regard for pleasure, wealth & social status

    Skeptics- all knowledge is uncertain

    Hellenistic Culture 4 schools of Philosophers (Ethics)

    Cynicism - live simple lives without regard for pleasure, wealth & social status

    Skeptics- all knowledge is uncertain

    Stoic- divine reason directs world, accept fate without complaint- spark of divine within them. Follow spark!

    .

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    Hellenistic Culture 4 schools of Philosophers (Ethics)

    Cynicism - live simple lives without regard for pleasure, wealth & social status

    Skeptics- all knowledge is uncertain Stoic- live life with the will of god or the natural laws that God established to run universeHuman desires, power and wealth are dangerous distractions.divine reason directs world, accept fate without complaint Epicurean Only real objects are those that the five senses precieve. Aim of life is to seek pleasure (food), avoid pain. Limit desires to avoid suffering.Achieve harmony of body & mind

    Sculpture: Statues to honor gods, heroes, and ordinary people.

    Colossus of Rhodes(island of Rhodes) 100 foot bronze statue. 7 Wonders of the Ancient World (earthquake destorys it.)

    NATURAL WORKS.

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    Hellenistic Culture Science - lots of inventions World is not flat No interest in discoveries of labor saving

    machines - slaves could do it.

    Hellenistic Culture Science - lots of inventions World is not flat No interest in discoveries of labor saving

    machines - slaves could do it. Euclid #22 - Elementsgeometry -shapes Archimedes -(honorable mention 100+) pi = the ratio of circumference of a circle to its diameter

    Archimedes Screw= pulls water upward Still used today!

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    Hellenistic Culture Medicine Egypt- center of medical science Embalming Study bodies of executed criminals Herophilus = Brain is center of nervous system

    Hellenistic Culture Astronomy & Geography

    Track stars Earth moved around Sun Predict eclipses Earth is round Eratosthenes = Distance around earth, (very

    accurate) did so by finding the angle of suns rays on different locations on earth

    Aristarchus: 1. sun at least 100 times larger thean earth 2. earth evolves around sun. (not accepted)

    *Ptolemy incorrectly placed the earth at the center of solar system. (accepted view for 1400 years.)