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    Annual Report 2009

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    2 annul Report 2009Norwegin Reugee Council

    Content

    Message froM the secretary general p 3

    eMergency standby rosters p 5

    advocacy and InforMatIon p 9

    prograMMe actIvItIes p 17

    fInancIal stateMent p 31

    the norwegian refugee CounCil at work

    Photo:astridSehl/NRC

    When people are orceully displaced they normallylose everything: their homes and social networks,their jobs and incomes, and oten access tohealth care and education. They are robbed othe basic building blocks o lie, placing them ina vulnerable situation where they are at risk.

    International protection exist or people who leeacross borders, but it can be more challenging tosecure protection or those displaced within their

    own countries. Internally displaced people dependon their governments or their protection. Yet, as wehave seen in some countries, some governmentsare simply unwilling or unable to ulil their duty.

    The Norwegian Reugee Council (NRC)operates in many diicult environments supportingover 3 million internally displaced people andreugees by providing humanitarian assistanceand protection. NRC also engages with local,

    national, regional and international bodies raisingthe voice o the displaced with those who havethe power to protect them.

    In addition NRC contributes towards indingdurable solutions or these populations and tostrengthening the ability o the United Nations toact switly and eiciently in humanitarian crises.

    This Annual Report outlines the main NRCactivities in 2009.

    43.2 million people weredisplaced in the world at theend of 2009.

    DRC KONGO:NRCsta is distributingnon-ood items tointernally displaced

    persons in NorthKivu in the eastern

    part o the DemocraticRepublic o the Congo.

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    3Norwegin Reugee Council

    Large-scale new conlict induced displacementtook place in several o NRCs programmecountries throughout 2009, due to the militaryoensives in Pakistan, Somalia and theDemocratic Republic o the Congo, amongstothers. At the same time the number o returneesto Aghanistan dropped to the lowest point since2002. At the end o 2009, 43.2 million peoplewere displaced by armed conlict worldwide.NRCs Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre(IDMC) published a report indicating that 36million people were displaced by sudden-onsetnatural disasters, including 20 million displacedby climate related disasters, during the previousyear. Both conlict and natural disasters are

    causing orced displacement in many o NRCsprogramme countries. This combination bringsnew challenges to our work, in particular in areaswhere the ight or limited natural resources islinked with armed conlict.

    I am pleased to present the NorwegianReugee Councils Annual Report or 2009,which oers an overview o our activities. Thehumanitarian crises o today are increasinglycomplex to respond to. Global humanitarianneeds are vast and or each new crisis theinternational community is challenged to improveits ability to respond in a coordinated, eicientand accountable manner. NRCs specializedexperience and competence makes a dierenceor displaced people all over the world. Theprovision o expert personnel rom the NRCEmergency Standby Rosters improves thecapability o the UN to deliver assistance. TheNRC Emergency Standby Roster NORCAP, isnow the most used roster o its kind in the world.In collaboration with the Norwegian Ministry oForeign Aairs and the UN, NRC has developeda series o specialized rosters in addition toNORCAP, which allows us to respond aster,

    with broader coverage and higher quality.

    Main trends in 2009:The increasingly limited humanitarian space andthe ensuing lack o access to people in need,represents serious challenges in many countries.Every day people die because the access chal-lenges are not adequately addressed. NRC iscontinuously working to expand the humanitarianspace and increase the organisations operational

    capacity by individual eorts and in collaborationwith NRC partners.

    Humanitarian operations today ace obstaclessuch as lack o security, political leverage andunding. Whereas the appalling security situationin South Central Somalia continued to be a majorchallenge to the international humanitarianresponse, NRC developed operational method-ologies making it possible to deliver continuedassistance in areas where very ew actors werepresent.

    In Aghanistan NRC worked to maintain itsreputation as an independent and impartial actor.In 2009 NRC strongly advocated or a clearseparation o humanitarian and military actions.In areas where the international communityspends billions o dollars to provide humanitarianas well as development assistance throughmilitary orces and private contractors, it isincreasingly diicult or independent actors touse the humanitarian principles as a tool tomaintain operational space.

    Security or aid workers remained a concernin most o NRCs programme countries in 2009.This was attributed to a number o actors,

    including the increasing number o humanitarianworkers deployed, the increasingly unstablesurroundings in which they work, and the erosiono the perception o neutrality and independenceo humanitarian actors. NRC continues to keepull attention on its security preventative systemsand could saely account or all its 2,600 sta in2009.

    Another major challenge is increased displace-ment caused by natural disasters. In 2009, NRC

    Message from the Secretary General

    Photo:KristinSvorte/N

    RC

    ElisabEth Rasmusson hs been SecretryGenerl o the Norwegin Reugee

    Council since 14 Jnury, 2008. Rsmus-

    son hs degree in Politicl Science romthe University o Oslo nd hs hd long

    creer in interntionl humnitrin work.

    She hs previously been Deputy Hedo the OSCE Mission to Bosni nd

    Herzegovin, Field Coordintor or theUN in angol nd Coopertion Coordintor

    or the Interntionl Red Cross in Colombi.Rsmusson heded the NRC ofce inGenev, which hosts the worlds leding

    dtbse or Internlly Displced Persons(IDMC). Rsmusson joined NRC rom her

    position s Senior adviser the UN Deputy

    Emergency Coordintor t UNs Ofce orthe Coordintion o Humnitrin airs.

    More displaCeMent less aCCess

    annul Report 2009

    PAKISTAN, JULY 2009:In Sheik Yaseen camp, NRCSecretary General Elisabeth Rasmusson met with peoplewho have been displaced rom Swat Valley. More than 2million people were displaced by ghting between thePakistani army and Taliban in the North Western FrontierProvince in the spring and early summer o 2009 thelargest internal displacement in Pakistan since the divisiono India and Pakistan 50 years ago.

    Foto:TrulsBrekke/NRC

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    4 annul Report 2009Norwegin Reugee Council

    Message from the Secretary General

    Foto:TrulsBrekke/NRC

    Photo:SiriElverlnd/NRC

    COLOMBIA, APRIL 2009:NRC Secretary General,

    Elisabeth Rasmusson, ona visit to Colombia.

    On entering its 63rd year of operations, NRCremains a vital, relevant and experienced organisation

    and IDMC continued to study climate related

    displacement, a concept subject to many beliesand political opinions but with limited systematicresearch. Through its in-depth reports and activeparticipation in global climate talks in the run upto the Climate Summit in Copenhagen (COP15)and active participation during the Summit, NRCand IDMC attracted international attention to theneed or urther research on protection and poli-cy matters as well as improved humanitarian re-sponse to natural disasters, in particular climaterelated displacement.

    NRC continued to assist the people in Myanmaraected by the devastating cyclone Nargis inMay 2008. Despite the act that millions o peoplestill lack assistance, they are largely orgotten bythe world. This is a striking example o the shortattention span o the international community even to large-scale natural disasters. The unmetneeds in Myanmar are also a stark example othe consequences o international humanitarianresponse being inluenced by political interests.

    Another issue high on the agenda in 2009 isthe act that more than hal o the worlds popu-lation now live in cities and that urban displace-ment is on the rise. There are approximately ive

    million urban reugees under UNHCRs mandate.In addition millions o internally displaced people(IDPs) live in urban areas. This trend presents asigniicant challenge to the international community,which until now has tended to ocus on camp-based reugees and IDPs. NRC is adapting theresponse methodologies in urban settings wherewe are already operating and is engaging indialogue on an international policy level with theUN and other partners.

    NRC strives to achieve ull accountability o all

    its eorts towards its target groups, as well as todonors and partners. High priority was given tomanagement and sta development throughout2009, including training or expatriate managersand the development o a national ManagementTraining Programme. Implementation o the CoreActivity Database (CAD) in early 2009 is crucialto improving NRCs ability to achieve programmeobjectives in the ield through documentingquantitative and qualitative results.

    On entering its 63rd year o operations,NRC remains a vital, relevant and experiencedorganisation ready to embark on new challengesin increasingly complex situations. The employeessuccessully continue to pull in the same directiontowards reaching our key organisational objectives.It is particularly satisying that the NRC team,in a lexible and collaborative spirit, has turnedthe overall economic result into surplus in 2009.NRC aces the