Ancient Civilizations: Egypt
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Ancient Civilizations: Egypt and Mesopotamia
Ancient Civilizations: Egypt
Geography & EnvironmentOn which continent is Egypt located?Africa; in the northeastern region
5Longest river in the world4100 miles longLocationNorth Africa Natural barriers: Mediterranean Sea, Sahara Desert, Red SeaResult = less prone to invasion.The Geography
On which river did the ancient Egyptians settle?Nile RiverWHY??
The GeographyNile RiverWorlds longest river (4130 miles)Gift of the Nile annual flooding that deposits rich soil.BenefitsEasy communication.Transportation.Ample water supply.It runs through the ten countries of Sudan, South Sudan, Burundi, Rwanda, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tanzania, Kenya, Ethiopia, Uganda and Egypt
Only 22% in EgyptThe Nile River is the longest river in the world. The Nile flows into the Mediterranean Sea. The largest source of the Nile is Lake Victoria. The Nile has a length of about 6,695 kilometers (4,160 miles). Its average discharge is 3.1 million litres (680,000 gallons) per second. The Nile basin is huge and includes parts of Tanzania, Burundi, Rwanda, Congo (Kinshasa), Kenya. The name Nile comes from the Greek neilos, which means valley. The Ancient Egyptians called the river Ar or Aur (black) because of the colour of the sediment left after the rivers annual flood.
Floods October-mid February 8Nile River
Menes: Unifier of Upper & Lower EgyptUpper
Upper vs LowerSociety
Great to be an Egyptian?A social hierarchy not locked in.Possible to change status via marriage, personal success, etc.
WritingEarliest form of writing = pictograph
16Image of ancient pictographs
The Importance of WritingIn hieroglyphics:Images stand for ideas, as well as for soundsThe image of an OWL stands for the m sound, as well as for the bird itself
The Importance of WritingHieroglyphics: developed from pictographsImages stand for ideas, as well as for sounds
Papyrus- A paper-like material - Now scribes could write on a more compact surface, instead of stone or clay.
As the Egyptian civilization declined, any chance of deciphering hieroglyphics was lost. Rosetta Stone That is until the Rosetta Stone was discovered in 1799HieroglyphicsHieroglyphics (in a simpler form)GreekFinally, in 1822 the stone was deciphered!!
The story of where the Rosetta stone is today British museum
Religion & GovernmentPolytheism: The worship of many godsWorshipped 2000+ gods and goddesses
Egyptian Religion23Cartoon depiction of Re and Isis
Ra the sun god. He was the most important god of the ancient Egyptians.Isis the protective goddess. She used powerful magic to help people in need.Anubis the god of embalming and the dead.Osiris god of the dead, and ruler of the underworld.Brother and Sister
Seth the god of chaos.Atum the creator god. Believed to be the first god to exist. Sekhmet goddess of war.Horus god of the sky. Protector of the pharaoh.
Who is this?26OsirisEgyptian GovernmentTheocracy: Type of govt in which rule is based upon religious authority
Look up King Tut27Egyptian GovernmentPharohEgyptians believed that their kings, or pharaohs, WERE godsPharaohs VERY POWERFUL!Ruled religion, government & militaryWhat is Ka?Egyptians believed that the Pharaohs possessed an eternal life force, also known as ka
What is Ka?Ka allowed pharaohs to rule for all of eternity; therefore, their tombs were even more important than their palaces on earth