AAPI Bulletin Vol 2 April2011(Eng)

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Application of Guti urea has been by manual method but through the encouragement of the Honorable Minister of Agriculture, and through the research and design efforts by the Bangladesh Agriculture Research Institute (BARI) and the Bangladesh Rice Research Institute (BRRI) along with a number of farmers and inventors, there are mechanical applicators being tested and used in the fields. These are well received by farmers but more research and development is needed. Volume 2 Inside this issue: 3

Transcript of AAPI Bulletin Vol 2 April2011(Eng)

  • This is the second issue of the AAPI News Bulletin. The components of AAPI relate to improvement in productivity; strengthening the private sector to provide the technology products; improving the pro-market policy environment; and, strengthening support systems. There are many activities that underpin these components, not the least of which are those that aim to increase productivity through technology transfer. In this issue, we have highlighted the importance of Applicators in accelerating the adoption of Fertilizer Deep Placement (FDP) technology and the work we are doing to stimulate the rapid development of an appropriate, low cost FDP briquette applicator for mass production to supply smallholder farmers. You will also find articles prepared by Dr. Mozammel Haque, AAPI Training Specialist, that describe Open Sky Shows and Motivational Meetings. These are two of the many activities that we use to motivate farmers to adopt our technologies. You will also note that from this issue we have started providing tips for the fertilizer briquette producers on machine operation, management, business techniques etc. on a continuous basis.

    * * *

    The Development of an Applicator for FDP The application of nitrogen fertilizer is the main ingredient for higher rice yields and urea has become the main form of nitrogen (N) fertilizer in Bangladesh if not the world. The common practice to apply urea to rice crops in Bangladesh is broadcast. Under such practice, for every 100 kg of urea applied, the rice plant might only get 30 kg. The rest is left in the soil or lost in runoff water, or evaporates as gases to the atmosphere. To reduce loses, the IFDC has pioneered the application of Guti urea that requires placement of a large urea granule or briquette at a depth of 7-10 cm below the soil surface. This has achieved remarkable results, reducing the amount of urea required by 40% and increasing paddy yields by 25%.Application of Guti urea has been by manual method but through the encouragement of the Honorable Minister of Agriculture, and through the research and design efforts by the Bangladesh Agriculture Research Institute (BARI) and the Bangladesh Rice Research Institute (BRRI) along with a number of farmers and inventors, there are mechanical applicators being tested and used in the fields. These are well received by farmers but more research and development is needed.

    Notes from Chief of Party, AAPI Inside this issue:

    Secretary, MOA visited AAPI FDP Block

    3

    Open Sky Show and Motivational Meeting with Farmers to Promote FDP

    3

    Tips for Guti Urea Producers

    4

    Volume 2

    Accelerating Agriculture Productivity Improvement (AAPI)

    AAPI NEWS BULLETIN April 30, 2011 A project supported by USAID in collaboration with DAE

    AAPI News Bulletin is a monthly publication of the AAPI project. Subscriptions are free. IFDC is a public international organization based in Alabama, USA. IFDC focuses o n i n c r e a s i n g a n d sustaining food security and agricultural productivity in developing countries. Managing Editor: Ishrat Jahan Project Coordinator, AAPI Design and Layout: Syed Afzal Hossain Data Management Unit, AAPI

    The views expressed in this bulletin do not necessarily reflect views of the United States Agency for International Development or the United States Government

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    The APPI project supports this work by promoting the applicators in all its activities. In 2010 Boro season, we have 49 field demonstrations that exhibit the benefits arising from mechanical application. AAPI is also working closely with selected Universities in Bangladesh and the United States to develop new models of applicators that will further enhance the benefits. What we expect to achieve is a user friendly, low cost machine that reduces labor requirements and give a precise placement of the fertilizer briquettes near the root zone of rice plants. The Director General, Department of Agricultural Extension (DAE) has approved a five member technical committee to oversight the development of the Applicator. The members are Professor Dr. Md Rafiqul Islam Sarker, Department of Farm Power and Machinery, Bangladesh Agricultural University (BAU); Dr. Sultan Ahmed, Chief Scientific Officer, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council

    AAPI NEWS BULLETIN Volume 2

    (BARC); Md Mofizul Islam, Senior Agriculture Specialist, IFDC; Dr. AKM Farhad, Project Director, Guti Urea Project, DAE; and, Mr. Alamgir Hossain Khan, Project Director, Agriculture Machinery Technology Expansion Project, DAE. To date the Agriculture Machinery Technology Expansion Project of DAE has distributed over 3,000 BARI applicators. IFDC, different institutions and private sectors have procured about 400 for use during the Boro season. Training was organized by AAPI and DAE in different locations. The experience indicates the labor requirement for Guti deep placement for each hectare of land is reduced from 8-9 labor days per hectare to 1 which represents a significant cost saving. Encouraged by these developments, TATA India has imported 5 BARI Model applicators from Bangladesh.

    * * *

    AAPI News Bulletin

    Contact Persons: Ishrat Jahan Grahame D. Hunter Address: Dhaka Office: Road No. 62, House No. 4B, Apt-B2 Gulshan - 2, Dhaka -1212 Bangladesh Tel: 880-2-9894288 880-2-8817391 Fax: 880-2-8826109 Website: www.ifdc.org Barisal Office: Zohora 834 (New) Police Line Road Barisal Tel: 0431-2176566

    AAPI Management:

    Ishrat Jahan, Project Coordinator; Grahame D. Hunter, Chief of Party; Md. Mofizul Islam, Sr. Agriculture Specialist; Dr. Shaharuk Ahmed Agriculture Specialist; Md. Mozammel Haque, Training Specialist; Mahmood Hussain, Training Specialist; Abul Hossain Mollah, Training Specialist, Dr. Md. Abdul Mazid Mia, Soil Scientist; Mainul Ahsan, Soil Scientist; Md. Nurul Islam, Market/Business Dev. Specialist; Ram Proshad Ghosh, Mechanical Engineer; Rubina Islam, Gender Specialist; Syed Afzal Mahmood Hossain, Senior Data Management Specialist; AFM Saleh Chowdhury, Chief Accountant; Bishnu Rup Chowdhury, Administrative and Procurement Officer

    Farmers using Guti urea applicator in a FDP plot organized by IFDC-AAPI on January 25, 2011 at Chapatola village, Bagerhat

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    AAPI NEWS BULLETIN Volume 2

    Secretary, Ministry of Agriculture Visited AAPI FDP Block

    Mr. C.Q.K. Mustaq Ahmed, Secretary, Ministry of Agriculture (MOA) visited Guti urea block in Batajore, Gournadi, Barisal on April 21, 2011 with Dr. S.M. Nazmul Islam, Chairman, BADC; Mr. Md. Harisul Islam, Mayor, Gournadi Pouroshava; Mr. Md. Shah Alam, Additioanl Director, DAE and other senior DAE officials. He discussed with the farmers about the performance of Boro crop and results of Guti urea. Farmers informed that by using Guti urea they saved 40% urea and expecting 25% more yield during this Boro season. They also informed that less weeds grow in Guti urea plot compared to broadcasted urea plots.

    * * * Open Sky Show and Motivational Meeting with Farmers to Promote FDP Open Sky Show The Open Sky Show (OSS) is an entertaining and educational means of motivating farmers to adopt project technologies. It is one of the methods of extension which can reach easily a large number of target beneficiaries in a short period of time. It has proven to be a very effective tool for creating awareness of FDP technology. The OSS includes the showing of several popular documentary dramas on FDP technology. AAPI, and ILSAFARM before it, as well as IFDC have invested in a number of audio-visual productions. This creates popularity in the farming community. From our experience, to obtain best results from the OSS the following points are to be considered.

    Selection of an appropriate venue for an open sky show is very important. It should be done in consultation with people with good local knowledge such as the Sub-Assistant Agriculture Officer (SAAO) from the DAE.

    Village hat/bazaar have proven to be good

    venues for open sky shows. Preference might be given to a venue in

    front of a school, madrasha, union parishad or any farmers gathering place.

    Day long publicity by mike is used to

    announce the event. Local influential persons are requested to give

    their support viz:

    Local Upazila Agriculture Officer (UAO) and SAAO of DAE.

    Local business people such as briquette

    producers are also invited to attend sky show to express their role in promotion of FDP technology.

    The local Upazila Parishad (UP) chairman

    and members need to be invited to attend the OSS.

    The open sky show commences with a short

    briefing about its objective and the advantages of FDP technology in the locality.

    After the show, a short discussion is arranged

    where FDP technology adopter and/or farmer co-operator who has worked with AAPI is invited to express their views and experiences.

    As the venues tend to be open and large numbers of people are in attendance, they are affected by inclement weather. The project tends to concentrate the events in the dry months. The demand for OSS has increased in all our communities. This extension approach could be followed in other projects in order to create awareness.

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    AAPI NEWS BULLETIN Volume 2

    Motivational Meeting with Farmers It is generally accepted by extension practitioners that a new technology takes five years to become a sustainable farmer practice. Even early adopters need to be reminded of the benefits to maintain their adherence to the practice. The AAPI project uses motivational meeting for this purpose. The past adopters, preferably on block basis who have previous experience on FDP, are targeted as the participant