Загорка Расолкоска - Николовска Zagorka... · PDF fileNi{ i...

Click here to load reader

  • date post

    07-Feb-2018
  • Category

    Documents

  • view

    232
  • download

    8

Embed Size (px)

Transcript of Загорка Расолкоска - Николовска Zagorka... · PDF fileNi{ i...

  • Ni{ i Vizantija XIII 301

    -

    , ()

    , , , ao . - (V-VI ).

    , . , , . , , , (.1). , , , .1

    , , IX/X .2 , , , , , , , , , . , , ,3 , .4

    1 . , , , 15, (1946), , 1-23.

    2 Ibid, 19.3 Ibid, 1-5.4 Ibid, 5-19; (. 1-12) . 2.

  • 302 -

    . , - - . - . - . .

    (1946 .), - . , , - , . , , 1932 , . , - (1955 .), . . . , - 1019 , , - , 7 , - . () - -

    . , .5

    5 . . , , - , 3-4 (1952-1953) 1955, 212-215.

    . 1. , - ( )

    Fig. 1. Church of St. George, South East side (by Mihailov).

    . 2. , ,

    Fig. 2. Church of St.George, viewed from the West, before the conservation.

  • Ni{ i Vizantija XIII 303

    - , . - . , , , - - . , ..., , 1332 .6 , - , .7

    , . 1953 , . . , . (. 2) .8 1956 . . , ( ) .9

    6 Ibid, 212-215, . 14-18 . 17 ; , . . -, . 1355 ., , , IX, 2, 1973, 248-254..

    7 . . , . , 213.8 . , . ,

    - , . III, 3-4, 82-84.9 . , .

    . 3. , , -

    Fig. 3. Church of St. George, North mullion, views from North-West.

    . 4. ,

    Fig. 4. Church of St. George, the view from West with the discov-

    ered tomb.

  • 304 -

    1966 , .10 , - , .11

    , , , . . 20 .

    - , I, 1959, 121-122, . 1 2.

    10 . , : 1966-1976, (1975-1978), , VIII-IX, (1978) 75-84.

    11 Ibid., 83, 1.

    . 5. , , ,

    Fig. 5. Church of St. George, necropolis, jewelry grave finds.

    . 6. , , ,

    Fig. 6. Church of St. George, necropolis, jewelry grave finds.

  • Ni{ i Vizantija XIII 305

    . I (969-976).12

    (1967 .) , - - . - , . (. 3) , - . , . .13 (. 4)

    1968, 1969 1970 . 1970 , , . 21 . , , XIV .14

    1970 -- , , , . , .15

    - , , , , . , 1988 1991, , 90 , ,

    12 Ibid., 82.13 . -, .

    , , IV-V ( 1975) 125-139.14 B. Aleksova and C. Mango, Bargala: A Preliminary Report, Dambarton Oaks

    Papers, Vol. 25, Washington 1971, 273-276, ; . -, , 134-135, . 7.

    15 B. Aleksova and C. Mango, 273, Plan 53; . -, , . 6.

    . 7. , , ,

    Fig. 7. Church of St. George, necropolis, grave finds, necklace

    with colored beads.

  • 306 -

    , , - , , , . , - , - .16

    - : (969-976), - - , , - .17 (. 5)

    - 9-12 , , - , .18 (. 6 7)

    - . , IX/X . , , , .19

    4 , , . , , , . .

    16 . , - , , .. .1, , , 1995, 169-179; Ibid, , VI - , , 1990, 50-55, . 39 40, 41, . IV, V VI.

    17 Ibid18 Ibid19 Ibid

    . 8. , IX-X

    Fig. 8. Church of St. George, from the South niche, 9th -10th centuries.

  • Ni{ i Vizantija XIII 307

    I - IX/X

    1969 ., , - . . XIV , . . , . - .

    , . , , . - . , , , , . , 10 ., . , , . , IX/X .

    , , , . , , , . (. 8)

    - . , . , . , 330 ., , , 6 . (. 9, )

    , - . . , , , - . , , ,

    . 9 ,

    Fig. 9. Church of St. George, the South niche, drawing.

  • 308 -

    - . , , , . , .20 , . 6 .21

    20 . -, , 131, 133, .1; Eadem, . , , in . , , 2011, 18-21, 1.

    21 K. Waitzman, M. Chatzidakis, K. Miatev, S. Radoji, Ikone sa Balkana, Sinaj - Grka - Bugarska - Jugoslavija, Beograd-Sofija 1970, IX, 1; Sinai - Treasures of the Mona-stery of Saint Catherine, ed. Konstantinos A. Manafis, Athens 1990, 138.

    . 10. , , , XI

    Fig. 10. Church of St. George, the calotte, image of Jesus Christ, first half of the 11th

    century.

    . 11. , ,

    (?), XI Fig. 11. Church of St. George, the space in

    front of the apse, Archangel Michael (?), first half of the 11th century.

  • Ni{ i Vizantija XIII 309

    II - XI

    , - - 14 . , , - , , , - . , , , , . - , . - - .22 (. 10) , , . , . . , . , , . (. 11) , , , . . .23

    , XI , . .24 , .

    22 . -, . (1037-1056) , in , 2004, 35-58.

    23 Ibid., 35-37, . 1-5.24 Ibid., . 1-8; . -,

    , , 900- () , 1974, 129-139, . 1-3; Ibid., , 23-31, . 1-3.

    . 12. , , XIII Fig. 12. Church of St. George, Jesus Christ

    Anthiphonitis, third quarter of the 13th century.

  • 310 -

    III - XIII

    1968 - , . XIV . , , , . . . , , (III ) , .25 (. 12)

    , , , : 1330 1342 . , , ,

    25 . -, . , 1100- , 1, 1970, 219-226, . 1-14; . 220-224, . 6, 7 8; Ibid., . , , VI-VII, , 1975, 217-230; Ibid., Le Christ Antiphonitis daprs les monuments Chypre, , , , 1986, Tomo V B`, Mesaiwnikon tmhma, Leukwsa 1986, p.p. 523-527, fig. 1-6.

    . 13. ,

    Fig. 13. Church of St. George, the signature of the gramatik Nestor, above Jesus Christ Anthiphonitis.

  • Ni{ i Vizantija XIII 311

    13 . , , , 14 , , , , . .

    . , , , (. 13) XIII XIV . , , . , . , , -. , 1306 , .

    . 14. ,

    , , XIV

    Fig. 14. Church of St. George, the donors com-position, narthex, middle

    of the 14th century.

  • 312 -

    , , .26

    IV - XIV

    , 1968 , , - , , XIV . , , , , .27 (. 14)

    , . , . . , , .

    26 . , , , XLI, 2004, 257-269.

    27 . -, . , 224-226, . 10-11; B. Aleksova and C. Mango, Bargala: 276-277, figs. 63-65;

    . 15. , Fig. 15. Church of St. George, after the architectural conservation.

  • Ni{ i Vizantija XIII 313

    , , , . , XIV . , , ( ) .

    , I , , . , . . , . , . .

    I , . , . , . , . , . . 10 , .28

    , , - . IX/X , XI XIII - XIV , . , . . , . . . , , . , , , . , - .

    , , .29 . (. 15)

    28 . -, . , 225-226, . 10-14.

    29 . - , , in , 2004, 105-113, . 1-9, . 1.

  • 314 -

    Zagorka Rasolkoska-Nikolovska THE OLDEST FRESCOS IN THE CHURCH OF ST.GEORGE

    AT GORNI KOZJAK IN THE VICINITY OF TIP

    The church of St. George at Gorni Kozjak erected on the bank of the Kozjaka river, outside the walls of the Early Christian town of Bargala (5th-6th century) has drawn the at-tention of many scholars with its archaic architectural form. In absence of written historical sources, long term archeological and conservation works were been carried- out.

    With partial removal of the fresco layer from the 14th century, interesting and valuable data was uncovered, which showed that the church long after the erection was left unpainted. Best argument for this deduction is the oldest fresco depiction of an unknown saint, for which we believe is the portrait of the patron of the church, Saint George.

    In the south niche where previously St.Roman Melodos was depicted, with removal of the layer from the 14th century, a full figure image of a saint was uncovered. The saint was painted in the niche, directly on the mortar, which was fully used in church, as proven with the researches. The further removal of the fresco layer from the mid 14th century on the south side of the north-west column where St. Demetrius was portrayed, was unveiled a fresco of Jesus Christ Antiphonitis from the second half of the 13th century with numerous Slav graffiti. The graffiti studies gave identification the gramamaticos Stanislav, as well as of the despot Tornik, and enlightened the church history.

    The research showed that in the church four stages of partial painting were accom-pl