Wording Speech

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  • Wording the Speech Understanding Language Variations in Language Using Language Effectively Deploying Style Effectively Understanding the Bias in Language Boundless.com/communications Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  • Wording the Speech > Understanding Language Understanding Language The Importance of Language Ways of Thinking about Language Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com www.boundless.com/communications
  • Wording the Speech > Understanding Language The Importance of Language Every word must be carefully selected for inclusion in your speech. At the same time, consider the words that don't make the cut: what are you NOT saying in your speech? How you communicate those words, from phrasing to voice, gesture and mannerism, is equally important as what you have to say. Consider what you want your audience to do, think, or feel at the conclusion of your speech. Use this as a way to guide the wording and delivery of your speech to reach that end goal. Why does language matter in your speech? View on Boundless.com Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com www.boundless.com/communications/wording-the-speech/understanding-language/the-importance-of-language
  • Wording the Speech > Understanding Language Ways of Thinking about Language Make sure that every word in your speech has a purpose for being in your speech. Don't waste any words and commit to writing multiple drafts to refine and hone your speech. Always think about your audience and venue: who are they and why are they there? Considering these factors will help inform what language is best to use in your speech. What are the overall goals, objectives or purpose you have for speaking? Think about this so that you can work backwards to select the right language to achieve those goals, objectives or purpose. Ways of Thinking About Language in Your Speech View on Boundless.com Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com www.boundless.com/communications/wording-the-speech/understanding-language/ways-of-thinking-about-language-4fc84cf3-0f51-4bf3-bae706438c0034a9
  • Wording the Speech > Variations in Language Variations in Language Variations in Directness Variations in Abstraction Variations in Objectivity Variations in Orality Variations in Accuracy Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com www.boundless.com/communications
  • Wording the Speech > Variations in Language Variations in Directness Force and directness are both cause and effect. They are not solely the use of loudness, strong words, or emphatic gestures, but may cause them. Use directness and force when you have particularly emphatic points to make. Be authentic and genuine. Use ideas, your feelings on your subject, wording, and delivery to convey force, directness, and conviction. Avoid being pushy, overbearing, or intimidating. Directness View on Boundless.com Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com www.boundless.com/communications/wording-the-speech/variations-in-language/variations-in-directness
  • Wording the Speech > Variations in Language Variations in Abstraction Abstract descriptions are vague and not specific. Abstraction is a good technique to use if your audience already has a working knowledge of any part of your speech. You can save time and keep your audience engaged by not boring them with material or levels of understanding they already have. If you are too abstract, you may confuse your audience. To test if your speech is too abstract or over-described, have another person read your speech draft and summarize your main points back to you. Ladder of Abstraction View on Boundless.com Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com www.boundless.com/communications/wording-the-speech/variations-in-language/variations-in-abstraction
  • Wording the Speech > Variations in Language Variations in Objectivity Objectivity is the ability to remove your personal experience, bias or preference from your speech. Objectivity gives you credibility as an impartial, unbiased speaker and subject matter expert. That said, delivering a speech with 100% objectivity can feel robotic. Sprinkle some subjective moments such as personal anecdotes or how you connect to your topic to still remain relatable to your audience. View on Boundless.com Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com www.boundless.com/communications/wording-the-speech/variations-in-language/variations-in-objectivity
  • Wording the Speech > Variations in Language Variations in Orality Oral societies use narrative and repetition for ease of memory. Oral societies use directness and force to express emphasis. Oral expression brings words together in pithy phrases that are the product of generations of evolution. An Oral Community in Cambodia View on Boundless.com Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com www.boundless.com/communications/wording-the-speech/variations-in-language/variations-in-orality
  • Wording the Speech > Variations in Language Variations in Accuracy Use scholarly sources such as journal articles, reviews, biographies, and interviews to ensure accuracy and credibility. You can find scholarly sources collected in several online databases. Always cite your sources when and how you can so that you're never accused of lifting, stealing, or borrowing someone else's words or work. The Importance of Accuracy View on Boundless.com Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com www.boundless.com/communications/wording-the-speech/variations-in-language/variations-in-accuracy
  • Wording the Speech > Using Language Effectively Using Language Effectively Choosing Clear Words and Phrasing Choosing Vivid Words Choosing Appropriate Words Matching Personal Style Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com www.boundless.com/communications
  • Wording the Speech > Using Language Effectively Choosing Clear Words and Phrasing How well do you know your topic? Make sure you fully understand everything that goes into your topic as you begin to craft the specific wording of your speech. Start by delimiting the question, that is, fully parsing out exactly what question you're answering by giving your speech. Even if you don't think there is a specific question, your speech topic exists for some purpose. What purpose does your speech fulfill? From there, define your key terms of your speech. Choosing Clear Words View on Boundless.com Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com www.boundless.com/communications/wording-the-speech/using-language-effectively/choosing-clear-words-and-phrasing
  • Wording the Speech > Using Language Effectively Choosing Vivid Words Descriptive language in your speech builds interest and allows you to immerse your audience in a sensory experience. Use simile and metaphor as a way to add descriptive language and wording into your speech. Make your points more compelling by painting pictures with words in the minds of your audience members. Tell your audience exactly how you want them to digest the information in your speech by using a variety of process words. William Shakespeare View on Boundless.com Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com www.boundless.com/communications/wording-the-speech/using-language-effectively/choosing-vivid-words
  • Wording the Speech > Using Language Effectively Choosing Appropriate Words Section your speech into parts arranged in a logical order, with each section having a specific focus or purpose. Transition between sections with phrases and words that connect your ideas. Avoid weasel phrases in order to keep your speech credible and authoritative. Valedictorian's Speech View on Boundless.com Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com www.boundless.com/communications/wording-the-speech/using-language-effectively/choosing-appropriate-words
  • Wording the Speech > Using Language Effectively Matching Personal Style Your voice is ultimately a reflection of who you are as a person and influences how your audience both perceives and receives you as speaker. Adapt your voice to your audience's needs, goals, and expectations. Consider your role in relation to the audience. Why are you there to speak to them? What makes you the subject matter expert? Don't forget to think about the formality and venue of your speech, as well as any relevant cultural contexts that may come into play. Your attitude speaks volumes to your audience. Make sure your attitude is appropriate to all the factors of your speech: topic, audience, and