Urban tourism and waterfronts: Exploring the case of the ... transform waterfronts from industrial...

download Urban tourism and waterfronts: Exploring the case of the ... transform waterfronts from industrial spaces

of 89

  • date post

    29-Jun-2020
  • Category

    Documents

  • view

    0
  • download

    0

Embed Size (px)

Transcript of Urban tourism and waterfronts: Exploring the case of the ... transform waterfronts from industrial...

  • Urban tourism and waterfronts: Exploring the case of the

    Auckland waterfront development

    Juliane Adamietz

    A dissertation submitted to

    Auckland University of Technology

    in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree

    of

    Master of Tourism Studies (MTourS)

    2012

    School of Hospitality and Tourism

  • ii

    Attestation of Authorship

    “I hereby declare that this submission is my own work and that, to the best of my

    knowledge and belief, it contains no material previously published or written by

    another person (except where explicitly defined in the acknowledgements), nor

    material which to a substantial extent has been submitted for the award of any other

    degree or diploma of a university or other institution of higher learning.”

    Juliane Adamietz

  • iii

    Table of Contents

    Attestation of Authorship _______________________________________________ ii

    List of Figures _________________________________________________________ v

    List of Tables __________________________________________________________ vi

    List of Abbreviations ___________________________________________________ vii

    Abstract _____________________________________________________________ viii

    Acknowledgements ____________________________________________________ ix

    1 Introduction ______________________________________________________ 1

    1.1 Research background _________________________________________________ 1

    1.2 Structure ___________________________________________________________ 2

    2 Literature review __________________________________________________ 4

    2.1 Urban tourism ______________________________________________________ 4

    2.1.1 Urban tourism demand _____________________________________________________ 5

    2.1.2 Urban tourism supply ______________________________________________________ 6

    2.1.3 Urban tourism planning _____________________________________________________ 9

    2.2 Urban waterfronts and tourism _______________________________________ 11

    2.3 Urban waterfront renewal projects ____________________________________ 14

    2.3.1 Baltimore’s Inner Harbour redevelopment _____________________________________ 17

    2.3.2 Darling Harbour, Sydney ___________________________________________________ 19

    2.4 The Auckland waterfront _____________________________________________ 23

    2.5 Tourism in the Auckland region _______________________________________ 26

    2.5.1 Major events ____________________________________________________________ 29

    2.5.2 Cruise ship industry _______________________________________________________ 31

    2.6 Summary of the literature review ______________________________________ 33

    3 Method _________________________________________________________ 35

    3.1 Research design ____________________________________________________ 35

    3.2 Content analysis ____________________________________________________ 36

  • iv

    4 Data Analysis ____________________________________________________ 38

    4.1 Public spaces and accessibility ________________________________________ 42

    4.2 Connectivity and views ______________________________________________ 46

    4.3 Cultural heritage ___________________________________________________ 49

    4.4 Recreational value and tourist experience _______________________________ 51

    4.5 Economic value ____________________________________________________ 52

    4.5.1 Cruise ship industry _______________________________________________________ 55

    4.5.2 Major events ____________________________________________________________ 56

    5 Key Findings _____________________________________________________ 59

    6 Conclusion _______________________________________________________ 64

    References ___________________________________________________________ 68

  • v

    List of Figures

    Figure 2.1: The elements of the urban tourism product ________________________ 7

    Figure 2.2: The elements of a tourism plan _________________________________ 10

    Figure 2.3: Functions of tourism precincts __________________________________ 12

    Figure 2.4: Aerial view of Baltimore's Inner Harbour __________________________ 18

    Figure 2.5: Map of the Darling Harbour precinct and its attractions ______________ 20

    Figure 2.6: Darling Harbour with Harbourside Shopping Centre _________________ 22

    Figure 2.7: Darling Habrour ______________________________________________ 22

    Figure 2.8: Viaduct Harbour _____________________________________________ 24

    Figure 2.9: Map of Central Auckland and the waterfront area __________________ 26

    Figure 2.10: International visitor arrivals to Auckland & New Zealand 1999-2011 ___ 27

    Figure 2.11: SWOT-analysis of tourism in Auckland ___________________________ 28

    Figure 2.12: Cruise ship berthing at Princes Wharf ___________________________ 32

    Figure 4.1: Parts of the future waterfront development _______________________ 40

    Figure 4.2: Bridge connecting Wynard Quarter with the Viaduct Harbour _________ 48

    Figure 4.3: Queens Wharf – ferry terminal __________________________________ 49

    Figure 4.4: Employment at the waterfront in 2040 ___________________________ 54

    Figure 4.5: Strategic themes to position Auckland as a major events destination ___ 57

    file:///C:/Users/Julchens/Documents/AUT/4th%20semester/Final/Dissertation_Final%20270812_1.docx%23_Toc333875209 file:///C:/Users/Julchens/Documents/AUT/4th%20semester/Final/Dissertation_Final%20270812_1.docx%23_Toc333875210 file:///C:/Users/Julchens/Documents/AUT/4th%20semester/Final/Dissertation_Final%20270812_1.docx%23_Toc333875211 file:///C:/Users/Julchens/Documents/AUT/4th%20semester/Final/Dissertation_Final%20270812_1.docx%23_Toc333875212 file:///C:/Users/Julchens/Documents/AUT/4th%20semester/Final/Dissertation_Final%20270812_1.docx%23_Toc333875213 file:///C:/Users/Julchens/Documents/AUT/4th%20semester/Final/Dissertation_Final%20270812_1.docx%23_Toc333875214 file:///C:/Users/Julchens/Documents/AUT/4th%20semester/Final/Dissertation_Final%20270812_1.docx%23_Toc333875215 file:///C:/Users/Julchens/Documents/AUT/4th%20semester/Final/Dissertation_Final%20270812_1.docx%23_Toc333875216 file:///C:/Users/Julchens/Documents/AUT/4th%20semester/Final/Dissertation_Final%20270812_1.docx%23_Toc333875217 file:///C:/Users/Julchens/Documents/AUT/4th%20semester/Final/Dissertation_Final%20270812_1.docx%23_Toc333875218 file:///C:/Users/Julchens/Documents/AUT/4th%20semester/Final/Dissertation_Final%20270812_1.docx%23_Toc333875219 file:///C:/Users/Julchens/Documents/AUT/4th%20semester/Final/Dissertation_Final%20270812_1.docx%23_Toc333875220 file:///C:/Users/Julchens/Documents/AUT/4th%20semester/Final/Dissertation_Final%20270812_1.docx%23_Toc333875221 file:///C:/Users/Julchens/Documents/AUT/4th%20semester/Final/Dissertation_Final%20270812_1.docx%23_Toc333875222 file:///C:/Users/Julchens/Documents/AUT/4th%20semester/Final/Dissertation_Final%20270812_1.docx%23_Toc333875223 file:///C:/Users/Julchens/Documents/AUT/4th%20semester/Final/Dissertation_Final%20270812_1.docx%23_Toc333875224 file:///C:/Users/Julchens/Documents/AUT/4th%20semester/Final/Dissertation_Final%20270812_1.docx%23_Toc333875225

  • vi

    List of Tables

    Table 2.1: Characteristics of the Baltimore waterfront development _____________ 19

    Table 2.2: Visitor nights spend in the Auckland region 2007 ____________________ 28

    Table 2.3: America’s Cup 2000 spendings __________________________________ 29

    Table 4.1: Planning documents for the Auckland waterfront development ________ 41

    Table 5.1: Summary of themes that emerged from the content analysis __________ 60

    file:///C:/Users/Julchens/Documents/AUT/4th%20semester/Final/Dissertation_Final%20270812_1.docx%23_Toc333875235 file:///C:/Users/Julchens/Documents/AUT/4th%20semester/Final/Dissertation_Final%20270812_1.docx%23_Toc333875236 file:///C:/Users/Julchens/Documents/AUT/4th%20semester/Final/Dissertation_Final%20270812_1.docx%23_Toc333875237 file:///C:/Users/Julchens/Documents/AUT/4th%20semester/Final/Dissertation_Final%20270812_1.docx%23_Toc333875238 file:///C:/Users/Julchens/Documents/AUT/4th%20semester/Final/Dissertation_Final%20270812_1.docx%23_Toc333875239

  • vii

    List of Abbreviations

    ACC Auckland City Council

    AIA Auckland International Airport

    ARC Auckland Regional Council

    ARST Auckland Regional Service Trust

    ATEED Auckland Tourism, Events and Economic Development

    AUD Australian Dollar

    CBD Central Business District

    CCO Council Controlled Organization

    DHA Darling Harbour Authority

    FTE Fulltime Equivalent

    GDP Gross Domestic Product

    NZCPS New Zealand Coastal Policy Statement

    NZD New Zealand Dollar

    POAL Port of Auckland Limited

    PWC PricewaterhouseCoopers

    RMA Resource Management Act

    RWC Rugby World Cup

    UNWTO World Tourism Organization

    USD United States Dollar

  • viii

    Abstract

    This dissertation deals with urban tourism and the role of waterfronts. Urban tourism

    is becoming increasingly acknowledged as an important part of a city’s economy and

    more urban centres are investing in the creation of a viable tou