Tx history-ch-18.3

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Transcript of Tx history-ch-18.3

  • Chapter 18: Texas & the Civil WarSection 3: Campaigns in Texas & the Southwest

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  • Thinking QuestionWhy might the Union want to control parts of Texas?

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  • The New Mexico CampaignAfter the war began, Texas forces marched into New Mexico and claimed the territory

    Fall 1861: three regiments sent to seize the Southwest

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  • The New Mexico Campaign

    Henry H. SibleyConfederate general who attempted to seize control of the Southwest in 1861

    Henry H. Sibley

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  • The New Mexico CampaignSibley and his 2,000 troops defeat 2,500 Union troops at Valverde, NM

    Texans seize Albuquerque & Santa Fe

    Disease & lack of food

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  • The New Mexico CampaignMarch 28, 1862: Sibleys forces encounter Union forces at Glorieta Pass

    Forced to retreat

    Union retains control of Southwest

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  • Fighting at Galveston IslandUnion Navy blockaded Texas ports

    Oct. 1862: Confederate forces retreated Galveston Harbor

    Tom Green Confederate General, assisted in the recapture of Galveston

    John Magruder Confederate General, fought in Battle of Galveston

    Galveston an important port

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  • Fighting at Galveston Island

    Plans made to recapture Galveston

    Two steamboats converted to gunboats by lining sides with cotton bales

    Cotton Bale

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  • Fighting at Galveston IslandJan.1, 1863: Cottonclads attack Galveston

    Union ships retreat

    Union troops captured

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  • The Battle of Sabine PassUnion planned to retake Galveston

    September 1863: Union troops set sail from New Orleans with 4,000 troops

    Union plan: invade Texas at Sabine Pass, march to Houston, and capture Galveston

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  • The Battle of Sabine PassRichard Dowlingcommander of the Confederate artillery at the Battle of Sabine Pass

    Lt. Richard Dowling

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  • The Battle of Sabine PassBased at Ft. Griffin

    Sept 8, 1863: Union forces attempt to overtake Sabine pass

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  • The Battle of Sabine PassConfederate gunners cripple two Union gunboats

    Capture 300 Union soldiers

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  • The Coast & South TexasUnion troops wanted to take Brownsville and stop trade between Texas and Mexico

    Cotton shipped overseas from Mexico

    November 1863: Union forces capture Brownsville

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  • The Coast & South TexasUnion Gen. Nathaniel Banks splits forces

    Union troops under command of Col. E.J. Davis attack Laredo

    Attack fails

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  • The Coast & South Texas

    Santos Benavidescommander who successfully defended Laredo from Union forces

    Santos Benavides

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  • The Coast & South TexasUnion forces called out of Brownsville

    Brownsville recaptured by the Confederates

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  • The Red River CampaignUnion troops left Brownsville to take part in Red River Campaign

    Union wanted to invade Texas from the NE

    General Banks & 27,000 soldiers hoped to meet a group of Union soldiers from Arkansas

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  • The Red River CampaignApril 8, 1864: Banks intercepted by Confederate Gen. Richard Taylor at Sabine Crossroads

    A Confederate force of only 9,000 force Union troops to turn back

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  • The Red River CampaignApril 18, 1864: Confederate forces intercept Union army moving south from Arkansas

    Union forces defeated at Poison Spring, Arkansas

    Confederate troops turn back Union attacks on Texas

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