The Missouri Compromise of 1820 & Manifest Destiny

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The Missouri Compromise of 1820 & Manifest Destiny. How did the Missouri Compromise resolve a conflict between the North and South? How did the idea of Manifest Destiny affect Mexicans and Native Americans ?. The Missouri Compromise of 1820 & Manifest Destiny. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The Missouri Compromise of 1820 & Manifest Destiny

The Missouri Compromise of 1820 & Manifest DestinyHow did the Missouri Compromise resolve a conflict between the North and South?

How did the idea of Manifest Destiny affect Mexicans and Native Americans?

The Missouri Compromise of 1820 & Manifest DestinyWestward Expansion and the Consequences it Brings

U.S. Boundary Settlements, 1818 and 1819Territory gained:Adams-Ons Treatyof 1819 with Spain(including new southwest border line)Convention of 1818with Great Britain(including new north border line)Oregon CountryClaimed by U.S. &BritainMexico(New Spain)CanadaU.S.British Territory*In the spirit of Nationalism, the U.S. wanted to expand the countrys borders. *The U.S. and Canada agree on the 49th parallel (latitude) and the boundary between the two countries as far as the Rocky Mountains.

*Spain gives up control of Florida and the Oregon Country after tense negotiations.

*The U.S. borders now spread from the Atlantic to Pacific oceans.

The Missouri Compromise, 18201821Oregon CountryClaimed by U.S. & G.B.UnorganizedTerritoryArkansasTerritory3630 Missouri Compromise LineNew Spain(Mexico)Claimed by U.S. & G.B.MichiganTerritoryMaineFloridaTerritoryLAMSALGATNSCNCMissouriSlave State, 1821KYVAILINOHPANYMDDEVTNHMANJCTRIBritish TerritoryFree States& TerritoriesSlave States & TerritoriesClosed to Slavery by Missouri CompromiseOpen to Slavery by Missouri CompromiseThe DebateIn the NorthThe SouthWanted to ban slavery in MissouriMaine, which was a part of Massachusetts, wanted statehood

Worried that free states would have the majority in CongressFelt that the Constitution did not give Congress the power to ban slavery

The Compromise, 1820Henry Clay, the Speaker of the House, saw an opportunity for compromise.He suggested admitting Maine as a free state and Missouri as a slave state, keeping the balance between the number of slave and free states, and the balance of power in CongressThe Missouri Compromise also banned slavery in the Louisiana Territory, north of the 36 30 parallelThomas Jefferson, at 80, worried that this might destroy the countryManifest DestinyThe belief that America is destined to stretch across the continent from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific OceanOur manifest destiny [is] to overspread and possess the whole of the continent which Providence (God) has given us for the development of the great experiment of liberty and.....self-government. John OSullivan, United States Magazine and Democratic ReviewManifest = clear, obviousThe Oregon TrailBy the 1840s thousands of Americans had moved into the Oregon Territory.Presidential hopeful, James K. Polk, used the Oregon Territory as a platform for election. His slogan Fifty-four forty or fight! referred to the 54 40 N latitude. This was the northern most boundary of the Oregon Territory.Rather than fight, Great Britain and the U.S. settled for the 49th parallel as the northern boundary in 1846.The border stands today between the U.S. & Canada.The California Gold RushHow did the CaliforniaGold Rush affect the growth of our country?

California Gold Rush, 1849

CaliforniaBefore the Gold RushAfter the Gold Rush150,000 Native Americans lived there6,000 Californios, of Mexican descent lived thereControlled by prominent Spanish familiesMexico feared American immigration1 Swiss immigrant allowed: John Sutter-his mill is where gold was discovered1849-Forty-niners rushed to California in search of goldPeople from all over the world immigrated to California in search of gold, about 250,000By 1851, one out of every ten immigrants was ChineseBig cities sprouted up in CaliforniaBy 1852 the Gold Rush was overOther Changes to the U.S.U.S. Expansion, 1846 - 1853CauseEffectWestward trails move thousands to new territoriesOregon Territory acquired by the U.S.Austin and others colonize TexasTexas RevolutionUnited States annexes TexasWar with MexicoMexican Cession acquired by the U.S.U.S. expands sea to seaTranscontinental railroad route neededGadsden PurchaseThousands of gold seekers rush to CaliforniaCalifornia becomes a state

Women found that out that their skills for homemaking were needed in California.They made money by feedingminers and opening hotels.1873, Levi Strauss invents Sturdy pants to sell to miners. Made of heavy cotton denim, the pockets were reinforced with copper rivets to prevent them from ripping from the weight of heavy tools.