Manifest Destiny (1840 - 1860) Manifest Destiny (1840 - 1860)

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Transcript of Manifest Destiny (1840 - 1860) Manifest Destiny (1840 - 1860)

Manifest Destiny- Nomadic; harder to assimilate
- Largely unknown/unexplored
3.) Economics
for survival
“Manifest Destiny”
John O’Sullivan (1845)
".... the right of our manifest destiny to over spread and to possess the whole of the continent which Providence has given us for the development of the great experiment of liberty and federaltive development of self-government entrusted to us. It is right such as that of the tree to the space of air and the earth suitable for the full expansion of its principle and destiny of growth."
“Myth of West”
New Brunswick, CA v. Maine, USA
Gen. Winfield Scott negotiates truce; treaty created
Maine Boundary Settlement, 1842
Sam Houston
General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna recaptures the Alamo
Overland Immigration to the West
Between 1840 &1860, more than 250,000 people made the trek west.
“The Oregon Trail”
Albert Bierstadt, 1869
US would purchase New Mexico for $5 million
US would buy California at
ANY price!
John Slidell
Wilmot Proviso, 1846
Provided, territory from that, as an express and fundamental condition to the acquisition of any the Republic of Mexico by the United States, by virtue of any treaty which may benegotiated
between them, and to the use by the Executive of the moneys herein appropriated, neither slavery nor involuntary servitude shall ever exist in any part of said territory, except for crime, whereof the party shall first be duly convicted.
Congressman David Wilmot
“Old Rough and Ready”
“Old Fuss and Feathers”
Nicholas Trist,
American Negotiator
Rio Grande River.
U. S. gave Mexico $15 million
Agreed to pay the claims of American citizens against Mexico (over $3.5 million)
The Treaty was basically forced on Mexico!
Results of the Mexican War?
17 months; $100 million & 13,000 casualties
Forces issue of slavery to center of politics
(Mexican Cession; over 1 million acres!)
Upset balances of power between N. & S.
Created two popular Whig generals who
ran for President.
Opposition to the extension of slavery in the new territories!
The 1848 Presidential Election Results

John A. Sutter
Economies of west grow (supplies, inns, stores)
New Immigrants (Australia, China, Mexico)
In one year, Cali enters US as a free state
Gadsden Purchase (1854)
29,000 sq. miles
Emmanuel Leutze, 1860
The Pony Express
San Francisco, CA.
Took 10 days.
the trans-continental
telegraph line.
America’s Attempted Raids into Latin America
Ostend Manifesto (1854)
Plantation economy
N. accuses s. of wanting to expand slavery