The Kite Runner
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Transcript of The Kite Runner
The Kite Runnerby Khaled Hosseini1The SettingAffghaniisttan
Terrain rocky and dry, mountainous in the central part of the country Climate hot summers, cold winters Geography borders Iran, Pakistan,Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikstan2Politics
In the 19th century, Afghanistan ceded many territories to Great Britain. In 1919, the Anglo-Afghan wars returned the ruling power to the Afghani monarchy. In 1973, the kings brother staged a coup to create a Republic. In 1978, communists overthrew the ruler and took over the government.3Politics (continued) In 1979, the Soviet Union sent troops to Afghanistan to bolster the communist regime. The Soviet occupation resulted in a mass exodus from Afghanistan. Over 5 million people left the country and settled mainly in Pakistan.4Politics (continued)However, the world-wide push against communism was considerable, and the Soviet Union finally left the country in 1989 after much opposition from rebel groups inside Afghanistan.
The chaos that was left by the Soviet withdrawal spawned the rise of the Taliban, and it seized Kabul in 1996.5The Taliban Under the Talibans rule, human rights and civil liberties were slowly peeled away.
The Taliban instituted cruel and inhumane treatment of those who opposed them in order to solidify their power over Afghanistans citizens.6How does it relate? In the beginning of The Kite Runner, the monarchy is still in place and the country is relatively calm. However, chaos starts to erupt as the king is overthrown by his brother.
In the second half of The Kite Runner, the Taliban is in power, creating a much more volatile and dangerous Afghanistan.7IslamA religion based on the interpretations of Gods word by the prophet Muhammad found in the Quran (sometimes spelled Koran)
Followers of Islam, Muslims, are devoted to daily prayer (five times a day facing Mecca, the holy city). 8The Tenets of Islam There are several tenets of Islam, but there are three mentioned early on in the book: Zakat charitable giving Hadj pilgrimage to Mecca Namaz five daily prayers facing Mecca9What is the Kaaba?The Kaaba or "Cube" is a circular building located inside the al-Masjid al-Haram mosque in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. The mosque was built around the original Kaaba.The Kaaba is the holiest place in Islam. The qibla, the direction Muslims face during prayer, is the direction from their location on Earth towards the Kaaba. It is around the Kaaba that ritual circumambulation is performed by Muslims during the Hajj (pilgrimage) season as well as during the Umrah (lesser pilgrimage).
10The Black StoneThe Black Stone is a significant feature of the Kaaba, believed by Muslims to date back to the time of Adam and Eve. Located on the eastern corner of the Kaaba, it is about 30 cm (12 inches) in diameter and surrounded by a silver frame. Hajj pilgrims often attempt to kiss the Stone as Muhammad once did. Because of the large crowds, this is not always possible, and so as pilgrims walk around the Kaaba, they are to point to the Stone on each circuit.Tradition has it that the Black Stone was white when it came to Earth, subsequently turning black under the burden of humanity's sins.
11Islamic TraditionAccording to the Qur'an, the Kaaba was rebuilt by Ibrahim (Abraham) and his son Ishmael. Islamic traditions assert that the Kaaba "reflects" a house in heaven called al-Baytu Mamur and that it was first built by the first man, Adam. Ibrahim and Ismail rebuilt the Kaaba on the old foundations.
12What does it look like during the Hadj?http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YzAJIXwc49A
Info on Islam http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/muslims/etc/faqs.html
13Divisions in IslamIslam is divided into two denominations, Shia and Sunni. Because of the differing views of these two groups, they maintain a rather tense and hostile relationship.
The Pashtun (majority) are typically Sunni, and the Hazara (minority) are typically Shia.
Thus, the racial differences are compounded by the religious differences.
The distinct racialdivision inAfghanistan occursbetween the Hazaraand the Pashtun.The Pashtun are themajority race, anddiscriminationagainst the Hazarais widespread.15Hazara The Hazaras are mosteasily identified by theirtendency to have light coloredand almond shapedeyes and round faces. They are possibly directdescendents of GenghisKhan, who invadedAfghanistan in the 13thcentury. Thus, they are seen asinvaders and not trueAfghanis.
16The Hazaras typically function as the servantclass and partake in few of the freedomsenjoyed by the Pashtun upper-class.
17What does a cleft lip look like?
18Afghani Words jan a term of endearment often used after a persons name: Baba jan agha leader, ruler, master, lord sahib friend (original), lord naan bread Other words will be explained in context on a need-to-know basis19Characters Amir the main character; narrator Baba Amirs father; wealthy Afghani Rahim Khan Babas best friend and business partner; an uncle to Amir Hassan Amirs best friend; servant Ali Hassans father20Essential Questionsin daybook Is it ever appropriate or necessary to remain a silent bystander when someone is being hurt (physically or emotionally)? Is it possible to atone (make amends) for our wrongdoings? Do we have an obligation to be loyal and truthful to our friends and family members?21Clarification and Changes for PresentationsAs a pair or trio, will create one display item ( Chart, brochure, write-up or mural). Present through a PowerPoint presentation your interpretation of your chosen text, alongwith some research you must have conducted to explain the conrext and problems faced by the characters .You must use text from the novel to support your claims.
22One group- One TopicYou must be sure to refer to the text (with direct text) in your presentation Group One-Symbolism in the novelGroup Two-Characterization of AmirGroup Three-Characterization of HassanGroup Four-Foreshadowing in the novelGroup Five-Compare and Contrast - America/AfghanistanGroup Six-Compare and Contrast- Pashtuns/HazarasGroup Seven-Imagery in the novelGroup Eight-Mans Inhumanity To Man as a theme in the novelGroup Nine-Tone and Mood in the novelGroup Ten-Theme of the strength of character in the novelGroup Eleven- Theme of discrimination and bigotry in the novel