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  • IFDCreport 1

    IFDCreport An update on the work and progress of IFDC

    Volume 38, No. 2

    The Importance of Fertilizer Deep Placement

    2SCALE Promotes Public-Private Partnerships

    FTF-USAID-ATT Project in Ghana

    IFDC Field Training Activities in 2012

    Land-Grant Colleges: A Quiet Legacy

  • IFDCreport 2

    IFDCreport The IFDC Report is a quarterly publication of the International Fertilizer Development Center (IFDC). Unless otherwise noted, printed material published in the IFDC Report is in the public domain and may be freely reproduced. Source acknowledgment and a copy of any reproduction are requested. Subscriptions are free and electronic versions in English and French are also available at

    IFDC is a public international organization, governed by a board of directors with representation from developed and developing countries. The nonprofit Center is supported by various bilateral and multilateral aid agencies, private foundations and national governments. IFDC focuses on increasing and sustaining food security and agricultural productivity in developing countries through the development and transfer of effective and environmentally sound crop nutrient technology and agribusiness expertise.


    EDITOR Lisa Thigpen

    DESIGN/LAYOUT Victoria L. Antoine


    DISTRIBUTION Jane Goss and David Wright

    BOARD OF DIRECTORS M. Peter McPherson (USA), Board Chair Gerard J. Doornbos (Netherlands), Vice Chair Mohamed Badraoui (Morocco) Margaret Catley-Carlson (Canada) Jimmy G. Cheek (USA) Josué Dioné (Mali) John B. Hardman (USA) Agnes M. Kalibata (Rwanda) Steven Leath (USA) Patrick J. Murphy (USA) Mortimer Hugh Neufville (USA) Rhoda Peace Tumusiime (Uganda) Vo-Tong Xuan (Vietnam)


    SECRETARY TO THE BOARD/LEGAL COUNSEL Vincent McAlister - Ex Officio Member

    IFDC Divisions: EurAsia (EAD) East and Southern Africa (ESAFD) North and West Africa (NWAFD) Office of Programs (OP)

    © 2013, IFDC. All rights reserved.

    WRITERS Clyde Beaver, Courtney Greene, Timothy Karera, Scott Mall, Megan Morris, Nazar Nazarbekov, Jyldyz Niyazalieva, James Thigpen, Lisa Thigpen, Connie Thwaite and Ajay Varadachary

    CONTRIBUTORS Emmanuel K.M. Alognikou, Dominique Bassole, Georges Dimithe, Guilluame Ezui, Ishrat Jahan, Ursula Kohnen, Jean Bosco Safari, Joaquin Sanabria, Jean Sogbedji and Rieke Weel

    PHOTOGRAPHERS Brenda Akuruchet, Brenda Aluda, Dominique Bassole, Clyde Beaver, Guilluame Ezui, Abduvohid Haydarov, Rubina Islam, Mark Kamau, Asel Karagazieva, Lika Kakunze, Koukoude Kossivi, Nazar Nazarbekov, Meg Ross, Jean Bosco Safari, Landouard Semukera, Ajay Varadachary, Sansan Youl and Zacharie Zida

    Frequently Used Acronyms: agribusiness clusters (ABCs) • Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA) • Association of Public and Land-grant Universities (APLU) • base-of-the-pyramid (BoP) • Chief of Party (CoP) • Commercialized Sustainable Farming Systems (CSFS) • Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) • Competitive Agricultural Systems and Enterprises (CASE) • Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) • crop protection products (CPPs) • decision support tools (DSTs) • Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) • Department of Agricultural Extension (DAE) • Directorate-General for International Cooperation (DGIS) • Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) • embassies of the Kingdom of the Netherlands (EKN) • farmer field schools (FFS) • farmer- based organization (FBO) • Feed the Future (FTF) • fertilizer deep placement (FDP) • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) • genetically engineered (GE) • greenhouse gas (GHG) • hectare (ha) integrated soil fertility management (ISFM) • International Fertilizer Industry Association (IFA) • kilogram (kg) • Market Information Platform for Agro-Dealers (MIPAD) • market information systems (MIS) • metric ton (mt) • million metric tons (mmt) • Ministry of Agriculture (MoA) • monitoring and evaluation (M&E) • nitric oxide (NO) • nitrogen (N) • nitrous oxide (N2O) • non-governmental organizations (NGOs) • phosphorus (P) • potassium (K) • public-private partnerships (PPPs) • Regional Agricultural Input Market Information and Transparency System (AMITSA) • research and development (R&D) • Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) • Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) • training of trainers (ToT) • United States Agency for International Development (USAID) • Virtual Fertilizer Research Center (VFRC) • West Africa Economic and Monetary Union (UEMOA)

  • IFDCreport 3

    CONTENTS IFDC Fertilizer Deep Placement

    EAD AAPI Gross Margin Survey: FDP’s Yield and Financial Benefits Proven

    9 Bangladesh Agricultural Training Institutes to Teach FDP Technology

    10 Fertilizer Deep Placement Continues to Improve Lives in Bangladesh

    11 Improved Harvests in Bakshi

    12 EDF II Distributes Agricultural Machinery to 14 Kyrgyz Seed Farms

    13 Dairy Farm Becomes a Technology Transfer Center in Kyrgyzstan

    14 Successful International Agri- cultural Exhibition Held in Tajikistan

    15 Tajikistan Increases Exports and Farm Profits Through Cold Storage Technology PAN-AFRICA 2SCALE Promotes Public-Private Partnerships

    20 2SCALE: Initial Progress Highlights

    22 Minister Ploumen Visits Girumwete Dukere Rice Cooperative in Burundi

    NWAFD IFDC and Partners Begin FTF-USAID-ATT Project in Ghana

    28 PRODIB: Progress Continues in Burkina Faso

    30 USAID WACIP Supports Improvements in Ginning Systems in the C-4 Countries

    33 USAID WACIP Artisanal Textile Exhibit

    34 Natural Resource Management in West Africa Improves Soil and Crop Yields

    36 QUEFTS Helps Determine Optimal Fertilizer Blends for Specific Soils

    38 CFC-KIT Focuses on Sesame Production and Marketing in Mali

    41 The Quality of Fertilizer Traded in West Africa: Evidence for Stronger Controls

    ESAFD AMITSA Upgrades Platform and Services

    50 RADD Helped Professionalize the Agro-Input Market in Rwanda

    52 AIMS III Begins Work in Mozambique

    54 CATALIST-Uganda Collects Samples to Help Restore Soil Health

    56 CATALIST-Uganda Trains Lead Farmers

    58 USAID S4D Program: Transforming Agriculture in South Sudan

    PROGRAMS Phosphate Efficiency Initiative

    61 Bangladesh Partners Trained to Operate GHG Measurement Equipment

    VFRC Dr. Prem Bindraban Appointed Executive Director of VFRC

    63 Board Members Discuss VFRC Mission and Vision in Video Interview Series

    TRAINING IFDC Field Training Activities in 2012

    66 Making Agro-Input ‘Smart Subsidy’ Programs More Effective in SSA

    IFDC Land-Grant Colleges: A Quiet Legacy

    75 John A. Hannah: Co-Founder of IFDC and First Chairman of the IFDC Board

    76 IFDC Launches History Timeline on Facebook and the IFDC Website

    77 World Environment Day 2013

    78 IFDC Recognizes World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought

    80 International Day of Cooperatives Occurs July 6

    81 IFDC Board of Directors/ VFRC Board of Advisors

    83 IFDC Staff News

    1 8







    Network of innovators u Join 2SCALE’s network of business

    executives and professionals to identify breakthrough innovations

    Expression of interest u Meet with 2SCALE staff to investigate

    your business potential in Africa and entry point in the program

    Get involved

    Partnership agreement u Commit to a six-week series

    of workshops to draft a partnership strategy and action plan


    2SCALE consortium: Supported by:

    banner_4_FINAL_2SCALE.indd 1 3/29/13 4:11:58 PM







  • IFDCreport 4

    Pages 1-7 contain the contents of the recently printed IFDC Fertilizer Deep Placement (FDP) brochure. Because of the strategic importance of FDP, IFDC wanted those who receive the IFDC Report to have access to the brochure’s contents.

  • IFDCreport 1

    Fertilizer Deep Placement T


    he global population is expected to increase from more than 7 billion today to 9.2 billion by 2050, creating enormous

    challenges as the world’s farmers work to provide adequate quantities of nutritious food. Farmers in a number of developing countries are using fertilizer deep placement (FDP) technology to increase crop yields and incomes, reduce the amount of fertilizer used and lessen environmental damage to the atmosphere and water.

    What is FDP Technology? Working with farmers (particularly in Bangladesh) for over 35 years, IFDC developed FDP as a more effective alternative to the traditional method of applying fertilizer by surface broadcasting (spreading, usually by hand) across a field or paddy. FDP is an innovative, proven fertilizer application technology that achieves average yield increases of 18 percent while reducing fertilizer use by about one-third. Compared with broadcasting, farmers using FDP have increased incremental annual incomes by more than US $200 per hectare (ha).1

    FDP c