The History of Raku. Raku began in Japan The first raku pots were made in the 16 th century The man...
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Transcript of The History of Raku. Raku began in Japan The first raku pots were made in the 16 th century The man...
The History of Raku
Raku began in Japan
• The first raku pots were made in the 16th century
• The man who started raku was a tile maker named Chojiru
• As legend has it, one day Chojiru dropped a hot bowl from the kiln into a pot of water
• The water made the bowl turn a beautiful black color
• Chojiru then decided to experiement and make more bowls like the first one
• The word “raku” means “happiness”, “ease”, or “enjoyment” in Japanese
• Once the name raku caught on, Chojiru changed his last name to Raku, and to this day his family is still called the Raku family!
The tea ceremony
The first raku bowls were for the Japanese tea ceremony
What is the tea ceremony?
• The tea ceremony is a very special activity in Japan
• The process is very precise and can even be considered a form of art
What happens in the tea ceremony?
• First the guests are given a cup of hot water
• After bowing to each guest and preparing the utensils, the host makes the tea
• The bowl of tea is passed to each guest and each one takes a single sip
• Last each guest gets their own bowl of tea to enjoy
The tea bowl
• The tea bowl is very important to the tea ceremony and is considered an object of great beauty
Tea bowls are called “chawan”
• There are many kinds of chawan
• Some are short and wide, while others are tall and skinny
• Different chawan are used for different seasons and types of tea
• In the 1960’s an artist named Paul Soldner created a new way of making raku
• While at an art fair, Soldner dropped a hot pot into a pile of leaves
• The smoke from the burning leaves changed the color of the pot
• Soldner decided to experiment with this new idea, just like Chojiru did 400 years before him!
• Paul Soldner created a very different kind of raku that is much more colorful than the Japanese raku
• He also didn’t make tea bowls, but made sculptures instead
Today there are many kinds of raku
• Bowls• Sculptures• Animals• Tiles
• And much much more!
So be creative when you make
your raku projects!