Texas Seashells

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Introduction to the seashells of Texas. Outline of the book, Encyclopedia of Texas Seashells, written by Wes Tunnell, Jean Andrews, Noe Barrera and Fabio Moretzsohn, with contributions by Kim Withers and David Hicks. The book was published by Texas A&M University Press in 2010 (http://www.amazon.com/Encyclopedia-Texas-Seashells-Identification-Distribution-ebook/dp/B0087DHJ88/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1409861431&sr=8-1&keywords=texas+seashells). The book discusses and illustrates 900 marine mollusks from Texas. The book covers the use of shells in Texas history, the history of malacology in Texas, the ecology and habitats of marine seashells, shell collecting, features of seashells, and discussion of 900 species (nearly all that are known from the region). Each species is illustrated in color photographs, and there is information about its taxonomy, popular name, distribution, size, description, habitat, remarks, and synonyms. There is a checklist with abbreviated information, followed by a glossary (over 900 entries) and extensive bibliography (750 references). A smaller version with the 300 most common species will be published in Dec. 2014 (Texas Seashells, A Field Guide) by TAMU Press.

Transcript of Texas Seashells

  • 1. Seashells of the Texas coast:Many more than you might think!Fabio MoretzsohnHarte Research InstituteThe Aquarium at Rockport HarborAugust 1st, 2012

2. Previous Texas Seashell BooksSeashells of the TexasCoastJean Andrews, 1971 350 common species Landmark reference forTexas seashells Ecology, habitat Long out-of-print 3. Previous Texas Seashell BooksShells and Shores of TexasJean Andrews, 1977 350 common species Landmark reference forTexas seashells Ecology, habitat Long out-of-print 4. Andrews FormatShells and Shores of Texas Great black and whitephotography Shell description, size Distribution Habitat Geologic range Remarks 5. Authors:John W. Tunnell, Jr.Jean AndrewsNoe BarreraFabio MoretzsohnCollaborators:Kim WithersDavid W. Hicks2010 6. AuthorsWes Tunnell, Jean Andrewsand Noe BarreraJean Andrewsand Fabio MoretzsohnCollaboratorsDavid Hicks Kim Withers 7. Encyclopedia of Texas Seashells Book Series: Harte Research Institute for Gulfof Mexico Studies Series General Editor: John W. Tunnell, Jr. Sponsored by: Harte Research Institute (HRI)for Gulf of Mexico StudiesTexas A&M University-Corpus Christi Publisher: Texas A&M University Press 8. The following individuals and organizations helpedmake it possible to publish this book in full color: Will Harte Houston Museum of Natural Science(Lillie and Roy Cullen Endowment Fund) Harvey Weil Trust (Rotary Club of Corpus Christi) Houston Conchology Society Dr. Harley Moody J. Oscar Robinson San Antonio Shell Club Suncoast Conchologists Stephen and Nancy Browning Richard Hardin Lillian Murray Jan Roberts Coastal Bend Shell Club Brazosport Museum of Natural Science Sea Shell Searchers of Brazoria County North Texas Conchological Society 9. DedicationRoe DavenportPhoto by Rusti Stover 10. Contents/Chapters1. History2. Texas Malacology3. Ecology and Habitats4. Collecting5. Features6. Texas Seashells Checklist Glossary (900+) References (750) Index Total pages: 512 11. New Format Each described andillustrated in color Only records frommuseums, literatureand self-collected Updated taxonomy Intended for scientists,students, resourcemanagers, shellcollectors 900 speciesBook design by N. Barrera 12. Reasons for increase in species Andrews included only self-collected species More comprehensive coverage (to deep Gulf; tropicalspecies) Micromollusks (about 1/3 of species) New records and range extensions Dee water and rare species Shell-less mollusks Non-indigenous species spreading into the Gulf ofMexico New species descriptions 13. Source of specimens Houston Museum of Natural Science Roe Davenport collection (now at TAMU-CC) Texas A&M University, College Station(Texas Cooperative Wildlife Collection) Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi Emilio F. Garca collection Janey Nill collection Brazosport Museum of Natural Science Bailey-Matthews Shell Museum Roger Bennett 14. Flower GardenBanksTropicalMicrogastropodsBarrera (2001) added100 new records forTexas and many forGulf of MexicoPhotos by N. Barrera 15. Smallest Texas SeashellAmmonicera minortalisOmalogyridaeFlower Garden BanksPhotos by N. Barrera 16. Triplofusus giganteusHorse ConchFasciolariidaeTexasMicromolluskPhoto by F. Moretzsohn atthe Texas State Aquarium 17. Entemnotrochus adansonianusPleurotomariidaeFlower Garden Banks, below 100 mPhotos by J. Janko (Tunnell, 1973) 18. Perna pernaMytilidaeInvasive Species(Hicks and Tunnell, 1993, 1995)Photo by J. Woelke 19. New SpeciesConus sauros Garca, 2006 ConidaeHolotype HMNS, Port Aransas, Texas Photo by F. Moretzsohn 20. Ch. 1. History of Shell Use in Texas (Withers)Remnants of shellcrete building at Copano BayPhoto by J. TarkingtonGathering oysters in early 1900sPhoto courtesy of Aransas Pass Historical Society 21. Ch. 1 History (cont.)Oyster shell roofPhoto by J. TarkingtonOyster shell drivewayPhoto by J. TarkingtonShell beads and tinklers fashioned from olive shellsPhoto by Texas Archaeology Research Laboratory, UT Austin 22. Ch. 2. Chronology of Texas MalacologyFirst, MinorExpeditions toRegionMajorExpeditionsto RegionWWIDepressionWWIISpecies accumulation curve 23. Ch. 3 - Major molluscan habitats (Hicks)Bay-estuary-lagoon (protected) Coastal marshes Open bay bottoms Oyster reefs Seagrass meadows Wind-tidal, sand and mud flats MangroveOpen shelf (unprotected) Jetties (artificial) Sandy beach Continental shelf Reefs and Banks (e.g. Flower Garden Banks) Artificial habitats (offshore oil platforms, sunken ships) 24. Assemblage plates Some of thecommon speciesPhotos by N. Barrera, J. Woelke and J. JankoSandy beach assemblages Seven and One-half Fathom Reef assemblage 25. Ch. 4 Collecting Seashells Regulations and Shellers Creed Collecting Buying Trading Grading Maintaining Shell Clubs National Organizations (AMS vs. COA) Conchology vs. Malacology 26. Ch. 5 - General features of mollusksPhotos by F. Moretzsohn 27. Ch. 6 Texas Seashells(species accounts, of book)Molluscan classes (# species in book) Aplacophora shell-less, vermiform (4 spp.) Polyplacophora chitons, 8 plates (7 spp.) Gastropoda conchs, whelks, snails (594 spp.) Cephalopoda octopods, squids (10 spp.) Bivalvia clams, mussels, scallops (275 spp.) Scaphopoda tusk shells (10 spp.) Monoplacophora living fossils, rare (0 sp.) 28. Aplacophora (4 spp.) 29. Polyplacophora (7 spp.) 30. Fissurellidae (19 spp.) 31. Caecidae (16 spp.) 32. Epitoniidae (23 spp.) 33. Muricidae (26 spp.) 34. Lightning Whelk Texas State Shell 35. Conidae (13 spp.) 36. Cephalopoda (10 spp.) 37. Mytilidae (includes the deepest) 38. Tellinidae (25 spp.) 39. Scaphopoda (10 spp.) 40. Appendix Numberedchecklist of all900 species Scientific names& synonyms Popular names Shell size range Habitat & Biology Depth range 41. Glossary(in Appendix)Comprehensivelisting of technicalterms (over 900),including fromfollowing fields: Malacology Taxonomy Biology Geology 42. Acknowledgements The late Roe Davenport The late Jean Andrews Museums and private collectors Donors to color printing Harte Research Institute, TAMU-CC Center for Coastal Studies, TAMU-CC Texas &M University Press Dr. Richard Davis and Rockport Aquarium 43. Thank you!Any Questions?Photo by N. BarreraPedipes mirabilis - Siphonariidae