South Africa

Click here to load reader

  • date post

    08-Nov-2015
  • Category

    Documents

  • view

    33
  • download

    6

Embed Size (px)

description

study information

Transcript of South Africa

  • ~FAMILY HISTORY LIBRARY"

    SALTLAKECITY, UTAHTMECHURCHOF JESUS CHRISTOF LATl'ER-Qt.y SAINTS

    GENEALOGICAL WORD LIST

    Afrikaans

    This list contains Afrikaans words with their Englishtranslations. The words included here are those thatyou are likely to find in genealogical sources. If theword you are looking for is not on this list, pleaseconsult a Afrikaans-English dictionary. (See the"Additional Resources" section below.)

    Afrikaans is a Germanic language derived fromseveral European languages, primarily Dutch. Manyof the words resemble Dutch, Flemish, and Germanwords. Consequently, the German GenealogicalWord List (34067) and Dutch Genealogical WordList (31030) may also be useful to you. SomeAfrikaans records contain Latin words. See theLatin Genealogical Word List (34077).

    Afrikaans is spoken in South Africa and Namibia andby many families who live in other countries in easternand southern Africa, especially in Zimbabwe. Mostearly South African records are written in Dutch, whilea smaller number are written in French and German.After 1795 many were written in English. Afrikaans didnot become an official language until 1925.

    Afrikaans and English are now the official languagesof South Africa. Seventeen official Africanlanguages are also spoken.

    these compound words are included in this list. Youwill need to look up each part of the word separately.For example, Geboortedag is a combination of twowords, Geboorte (birth) and Dag (day).

    Alphabetical Order

    Written Afrikaans uses a basic English alphabetorder. Most Afrikaans dictionaries and indexes aswell as the Family History Library Catalog..... use thefollowing alphabetical order:

    a b c* d e f g h i j k l m nopqrstuvwxyz

    *The letter c was used in place-names and personalnames but not in general Afrikaans words until 1985.

    The letters e, e, and 0 are also used in someAfrikaans words.

    If an 'n appears with a word, it indicates the Englisharticle a or an. For example, rak, 'n means a rack.Role, 'n means a dress.

    This word list is alphabetized according to Englishalphabetical order.

    Additional Resources

    This word list includes only the words mostcommonly found in genealogical sources. For furtherhelp, use a Afrikaans-English dictionary. At the

    Spelling

    Spelling rules were not standardized in earliercenturies. Words were written as they sounded. Thefollowing letters could be interchanged:

    In Afrikaans indexes of surnames or of places, it isimportant to note that prefixes such as van der, de, orter, and so forth are considered in alphabetization.For example, De Wetsdorp would come before vande Merwe or v/d Merwe.

    LANGUAGE CHARACTERISTICS

    Variant Forms of Words

    In Afrikaans, as in English, the forms of some wordswill vary according to how they are used in asentence. Who-whose-whom and marry-marries-married are examples of words in Englishwith variant forms. This word list gives the standardform of each Afrikaans word. As you read Afrikaansrecords, you will need to be aware that some wordsvary with usage.

    The endings of words in a document also may differfrom what you find in this list. For example, thesuffix -es is added to words to indicate a feminineform of the word.

    In Afrikaans, which incorporates many elements ofDutch and German, some words are formed byjoining two or more words together. Very few of

    b used for pd used for ti used for jp used for b

    s used for zt used for d or dtv used for w or fy used for i or j

  • Family History Library", you can find thesedictionaries in the APR./MIDEAST collection. Thecall numbers begin with 439.36321.

    Englishwifeyear

    Afrikaanseggenote, huisvrou, vroujaar

    You can also find them by looking in the FamilyHistory Library Catalog. In the Subject Search, lookunder AFRIKAANS LANGUAGE -DICTIONARIES. In the Locality Search, look underSOUTH AFRICA - LANGUAGE ANDLANGUAGES.

    KEYWORDS

    To find and use specific types of Afrikaans records,you will need to know some key words in Afrikaans.This section gives key genealogical terms in Englishand the Afrikaans words with the same or similarmeanmgs,

    GENERAL WORD LIST

    This general word list includes words commonlyseen in genealogical sources. Numbers, months, anddays of the week are listed both here and in separatesections that follow this list.

    In this list, optional versions of Afrikaans words orvariable endings (such as some plural or feminineendings), are given in parentheses. Parentheses in theEnglish column clarify the definition.

    In Afrikaans some words have both a male andfemale form, such as:

    For example, in the first column you will find theEnglish word marriage. In the second column youwill find Afrikaans words with meanings such asmarry, marriage, wedding, wedlock, unite,legitimate, joined, and other words used in Afrikaansrecords to indicate marriage. When a word has both a male and female version,

    this word list gives the masculine form of the word.The feminine form of the word will end with an es.

    Diaken (male deacon)Diakenes (female deacon)Onderwyser (male teacher)Onderwyseres (female teacher)

    EnglishbaptismBaptistbirthburialCatholic

    (Roman Catholic)census

    childchristeningscivil registrationdeath

    fatherhusbandindex

    Jewishmarriage, marriagesMennonitemilitary

    monthmothername (given name)

    name (surname)parent, parentsparish

    Protestant

    Afrikaansdoop,gedoopDopergebore, geboortebegrafnis, begraweKatoliek

    (Rooms Katoliek)bevolking, sensusopname,

    volkstellingkind, kindersSee baptism.burgerlikeregistrasiedood, gestorwe, oorlede,

    sterfgevalpa, vadereggenoot, manindeks, inhoudsopgave, tafel,

    voorsien, wyserJode,JoodsHuwelik, huwelike, trouweWederdoperKrygskunde, Krygsmag,

    land mag, militermaandrna, moederdoopnaam, gegewe naam,

    voornaambynaam, familie naam, vanouer,ouersgemeente, gemeentegebied,

    parogieprotestant

    2

    Afrikaans

    A

    aan

    aandaangenome naamaanneemaanstaande

    aardeaardrykskundige

    woordeboekadvokaatafskrif(te)ag, agtagsteagt-en-twintigagt-en-twintigsteagterkleindogteragterkleinkindagterkleinseunagtienagtiendealbeialiasaIleenallesaltydambagsmanamptenaar

    English

    toevenmgaliasto adopt (a child)betrothed, future

    (husband/wife), nextearth (buried in)gazetteer

    advocate, lawyerduplicate, transcripteighteighthtwenty-eighttwenty-eighthgreat-granddaughtergreat-grandchildgreat-grandsoneighteeneighteenthbothalias, known as, otherwisealone, singleall, everythingalwaysartisan, tradesman, workmanofficial

  • Afrikaans English Afrikaans English

    ander(s) different,other(s) bruidegom bridegroomanders genoem alias, also known as, buitekant outside

    differently called buitendien besidesApostolies Apostolic burgemeester mayorApril April burger citizenarbeider laborer burgerskap citizenshipargief archive buurman neighborasma asthma buurt neighborhoodAugustus August byna almost, nearly

    bynaam nicknameB byvrou concubine

    baba baby Cbakker bakerbedelaar beggar Christen Christianbedendmaking declaration Christelik Christianlike, religiousbedrag fee, amount (of money)bedryf occupation, trade Dbegraafplaas cemeterybegrafnis burial, funeral daar therebegrawe to bury daagliks dailybehoeftig indigent, needy dag daybehoort belongs dagloner day laborerbeide both dat that (to know)bejaarde aged dateer to date (document)bekende acquaintance datum datebelasting tax deel, deel van volume, part ofbelastingheffer tax collector Deen(s) Dane, DanishBelgie Belgium derde thirdBelgies Belgian dertien( de) thirteen(th)beroep occupation dertig( ste) thirty (thirtieth)beroerte apoplexy, stroke Desember Decemberbeskrywing description deur by, throughbetrekking concerning, in relation to, diarree diarrhea

    position (employment) die thebetuiging giving (as in giving thanks or diens duty, in service of

    legal testimony) diensbode (archaic) courier, domestic servantbevestiging confirmation dienskneg domestic servantbevolking population diensmeisie maidbewys evidence, proof dikwels frequently, oftenbinnekant inside Dinsdag Tuesdaybiografie biography disenteri dysenterybisdom diocese dogter(tjie) daughter, girl (little daughterblad (sy) page or girl)bloeding bleeding, hemorrhage dorninee ministerbloei bleeding Donderdag Thursdayboek book dood dead, deathboer farmer dood gebore stillbornboerearbeider farmhand (laborer) doop baptism, christeningboerekneg farmworker doopregister baptismal registerboot boat, barge, ship Doper Baptistbosbouer forester, warden dorp town, villageboswagter forester drie threebo above, on top of drie-en-twintig twenty-threebroer(s) brother(s) drie-en-twintigste twenty-thirdbrouer brewer duisend(ste) thousand(th)bruid bride Duits(er) German

    3

  • Afrikaans English Afrikaans English

    Duitsland Germany Gduplikaat duplicate

    geboorte birthE geboortebewys birth certificate

    geboorteplaas(-plek) birthplace, place of birthedel nobility gebore born, born (maiden name),edelman nobleman neeeen one gebore te born at, native ofeenduisend one thousand gedoen doneeenduisendste one thousandth gedoop christenedeen-en-dertig thirty-one gee bestow, giveeen-en-dertigste thirty-first geelsug jaundiceeen-en-twintig twenty-one geen noneeen-en-twintigste twenty-first gehad hadeenhonderd one hundred gehude married personeenhonderdste one hundredth geld moneyeenjarig annual, yearly geloof religioneerder before, previously gelyk the same, similareergister day before yesterday gemeenskap community, townshipeerlik(e) honest gemeente congregation, parisheerste first genaamd called, namedeertyds formerly genealogie genealogyeeu century Gereformeerd Cal vinist Reformedeg(verbintenis) marriage, matrimony geseen blessedegbreker adulterer gesin family (immediate)egbreekst