Sitcom revision

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Sit coms revision

Sit coms revision1The Exam...This examination has two sections.Section A: candidates Action Adventure unseen film clipSection B: TV Comedy2The exam40% of final marks1 Hour 45 minutesSections A and B are worth equal marks making the sitcom section of the exam worth 20% of your final mark.3You are being marked on...AO1 Recall, select and communicate Recall, select and communicate their knowledge and understanding of media products and the contexts in which they are produced and consumed.AO2 Analyse and respond Analyse and respond to media texts/topics using media key concepts and appropriate terminology.4The media concepts you are being marked on are:AudienceMedia LanguageInstitution5Compare the ways in which two sitcoms appeal to their target audience.Audience enjoymentTarget audienceComparison of the sitcomsConsider a range of different points at least 6!6Suggested essay planIntro- who are the target audiences? Types of humourCharacterisationNarrative structuresScheduling/institutionOpening creditsConclusion

7Types of humourLinguistic: Innuendo/pun/sarcasmPhysical: farce/ physical humourSituation comedyExaggeration / hyperbole

8CharacterisationStereotypesMain characters allows audience to bondCameo roles celebrities as transient charactersSupporting characters may appear occasionally.


A celebrity playing a transient character encourages the audience to watch.A core of main characters allows the audience to bond and emotionally engage with the characters.Stereotyping of characters allows for humour and encourages the audience to identify with characters.10

NSync in the Simpsons

Russell Brand in the Simpsons

Danny Devito in Friends11The BBC tend to use famous actors/ Actress as their main characters

Zoe Wanamaker and Robert Lindsay in My Family

Dawn French in The Vicar of Dibley

Joanna Lumley and Jennifer Saunders in Absolutely Fabulous12Key terms:

Main character usually 4 6 main charactersSupporting characters in occasional episodes such as Phoebes brother or GuntherTransient characters in one off episodesCameo celebrities who have a one off part in a show.Use of well known actors to attract audience (mainly BBC)13Narrative structureArc plotEpisodic plotCliffhangersUse of flashbacksNarrative strandsDramatic Irony audience as omniscient (all seeing)14Effect ...Flashbacks give background to the storylineEpisodic plots allow casual audience members to watch occasionally.Arc plots engage the audience and hook their interest.Cliff-hangers at the end of an episode or a series again hook the audience.

15Scheduling/ Institution Prime Time?After the watershed?Channel?British or American?Types of character? (friends/colleagues/family)Repeats? Still being made?How is the institution funded? Effect?

16Opening creditsTheme tune (lyrics and tune)Introduces characters to the audience (how?)Sets the toneTypography usedIntroduces arc plots17DO NOT:Just run through the characters in the sit comForget to compare the twoForget to use media termsForget what you are being marked on!

18From the exam board....Candidates should be prepared to analyse and discuss the following: Mass and niche audiences How a text addresses its audiences The pleasures a text offers its audiences19Institution/schedulingTargeting audiences Placement between texts Scheduling (eg stripping schedules) Competition between institutions Repeating texts on related channels/stations Releasing in different formats Offering texts on demand20Key Terms...LEARN!Niche audience Types of Humour Mass audience Arc plotInstitution episodic plotPrime time representation Watershed stereotypesTransient character audience engagementCameo supporting character Narrative strand/structure 21