SECTION 2 ² THE NATURE of ORGANIC MOLECULES: ALKANES · PDF filex Aliphatic Hydrocarbons...

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Transcript of SECTION 2 ² THE NATURE of ORGANIC MOLECULES: ALKANES · PDF filex Aliphatic Hydrocarbons...

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    SECTION 2 THE NATURE of ORGANIC MOLECULES: ALKANES AND

    CYCLOALKANES

    2-1 -- Classification of Functional Groups

    Alkanes

    Alkenes

    Alkynes

    Alcohols

    Ketones

    Esters

    2-2 -- Hydrocarbons

    Aliphatic Hydrocarbons (alkanes, alkenes, and alkynes)

    Aromatic Hydrocarbons (benzene)

    2-2 -- Alkanes (Unbranched, Branched, and Cyclic Alkanes)

    Homologous Series

    2-4 -- Types of Carbon Atoms

    Primary Carbons (1)

    Secondary Carbons (2)

    Tertiary Carbons (3)

    Quaternary Carbons (4)

    2-5 -- Various Types of Alkyl Groups (Branches, or Substituents)

    2-7 -- Systematic Nomenclature of Alkanes (IUPAC)

    Four Rules for Naming Alkanes (Rules 1-4)

    How to Number the Atoms in the Parent Chain

    How to Write the IUPAC Name of the Compound

    2-11 -- Naming Complex Branches in Organic Compounds

    2-12 -- Common Names -

    2-13 -- Examples of Alkane Nomenclature

    2-15 -- Nomenclature Alkyl Halides (R-X)

    2-15 -- Disubstituted Cycloalkanes

    Stereoisomerism

    Cis/Trans Isomers

    2-16 -- Properties of Alkanes (5 Key Points)

    Boiling Point Trends

    The Effects of Branching

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    Melting Point Trends

    Combustion of Alkanes (Calorimetry and Product Analysis)

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    SECTION 2 THE NATURE OF ORGANIC COMPOUNDS: ALKANES and CYCLOALKANES

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