Review 4 greek and hellenistic

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  • 1.Greek Art

2. Greek Art: GEOMETRIC PERIOD 3. Greek Sculpture KOUROS: Male KORE: Female 4. ARCHAIC PERIOD: ARCHAIC SMILE Greek Sculpture: KORE Figures 5. Greek Sculpture: KOUROS Figures (Severe style) CONTRAPPOSTO POSE 6. Classical Greek Sculpture 7. Pediment Sculptures: Temple of Zeus at Olympia Battle of the Lapiths and Centaurs ETHOS: Self-discipline; rational, intelligent, andcontrolled behavior; civilized. PATHOS: Spontaneous emotional reaction; irrational; anarchic. 8. SYMMETRIA: harmony;commensurability of the parts The Canon Module The Doryphoros by Polykleitos 9. Man is the measure of all things.Protagoras (Greece; 400s BC) The Doryphoros by Polykleitos 10. Greek idealism: generic(the perfectibility of humannature) The Doryphoros by Polykleitos 11. RHYTHMOS: pattern of eventsDiscus Thrower (Discobolus) by Myron 12. LARGE-SCALE BRONZE CASTING The simple lost-wax casting techniquewas inadequate for complex, life-sizedfigures, and a more sophisticated version was adopted, involving several steps. 1. A full-size clay model of statuefashioned out of clay. 13. LARGE-SCALE BRONZE CASTING 1. A full-size clay model of statuefashioned out of clay. 2. A clay mold was then created aroundthe clay original; it was removed in sections, resulting in a several piecemold. 14. 3. The pieces of the mold for each bodywere reassembled, and wax was applied to the insides of these molds; when removed the result was a hollow wax model in the shape of the original clay sculpture. Since this clay modelwould be used in casting, finalrefinements and adjustments weremade to it. 15. 4. Clay molded around exterior of the wax models for eachpart, and liquid clay was poured inside them to makehardened cores. Metal pins inserted to connect the clay outer layer to the clay core. OUTER LAYER OF CLAY (INVESTMENT)HOLLOW WAX MODEL OFHEAD CLAY CORE METAL PINS(CHAPLETS) 16. 5. Assembly heated so that wax melts out.LAYER OF WAX MELTED OUT, LEAVING AN EMPTYSPACE METAL PINSHOLD THECLAY CORE IN PLACEWITHIN THEOUTER LAYEROF CLAY,PRESERVINGTHE HOLLOW CHANNEL 17. 6. Molten bronze poured into the hollow channel. MOLTENBRONZE 18. 6. Molten bronze poured into the hollow channel. 7. When the bronze hardens, the outer layer of clay and asmuch of the inner core as possible are removed, leavingfinal bronze versions of the individual body parts, which were fitted together and soldered. MOLTENBRONZE 19. Inlays added:Lips: copper Nipples:copper Eyes: stone Teeth: silver 20. Greek Architecture The Parthenon, Athens, c.440 BC 21. Greek Architecture: Architectural Orders DORIC ORDER IONIC ORDER No base Base Plaincapital Capital with volutes 22. Ionic: Volutes Corinthian: Acanthus leaves Greek Architecture: Architectural Orders 23. Greek Architecture: Athens--Acropolis ACROPOLIS: Acro Polis (High City) 24. Athena Promachos Salamis Greek Architecture: AthensAcropolis PROPYLAEIA by MNISIKLES 25. Greek Architecture: AthensAcropolis TEMPLE OF ATHENA NIKE (Victory) by KALLIKRATES Nike Figures 26. Parthenon Greek Architecture: AthensAcropolis THE PARTHENON by IKTINOS and KALLIKRATES 27. Parthenon (Athens): 8 by 17 L = 2W+1: 17 = 2(8)+1 Greek Architecture: Temple Plans 28. VITRUVIUSIf the platform is straight: The human eye perceives itlike this: _____________ (slight dipa few inchesin the center) PARTHENON 29. Because the columnson the corners areseen against a lighterback ground(sunlight), to thehuman eye they willappear thinner. VITRUVIUS 30. Greek Architecture: AthensAcropolis THE PARTHENON: Visual tension, organic (?) 31. Greek Architecture: AthensAcropolis THE PARTHENON: Frieze Frieze Parthenon frieze: PANATHENAIC PROCESSION Pan Athenaic (all Athens) 32. Greek Architecture: AthensAcropolis THE PARTHENON: Panathenaic Procession 33. Greek Architecture: AthensAcropolis THE PARTHENON: Panathenaic Procession 34. Greek Architecture: AthensAcropolis THE PARTHENON: Panathenaic Procession Peplos 35. Erectheion Greek Architecture: AthensAcropolis THE ERECTHEION 36. Greek Architecture: AthensAcropolis THE ERECTHEION: Caryatids 37. PRAXITELES SKOPAS LYSIPPOS Greek Sculpture: 300s BC 38. Bust of Alexander the Great(after an original by Lysippos) 39. Hellenistic: In the style of the Greeks (spread of Greekculture to non-Greek lands) 40. Mosaic (from Pella, Macedonia) TESSERAE: The individual chips in a mosaic 41. Ephesus 42. Pergamon: AcropolisALTAR OF ZEUSGiants: Primeval, cthonic monsters Gigantomachy 43. Pergamon: ASCLEPIONAsclepius: Healing god 44. SEVEN WONDERS OF THE WORLD

  • GREAT PYRAMID(S?)
  • of EGYPT
  • Still standing

45. SEVEN WONDERS OF THE WORLD

  • GREAT PYRAMID(S?)
  • of EGYPT
  • 2. HANGING GARDENS
  • of BABYLON
  • King Nebuchadnezzar II
  • Destroyeddate unknown
  • No trace has ever been found

46. SEVEN WONDERS OF THE WORLD

  • GREAT PYRAMID(S?)
  • of EGYPT
  • 2. HANGING GARDENS
  • of BABYLON
  • 3. STATUE OF ZEUS
  • at OLYMPIA
  • Move to Constantinople
  • Destroyed in a fire462 AD

47. SEVEN WONDERS OF THE WORLD

  • GREAT PYRAMID(S?)
  • of EGYPT
  • 2. HANGING GARDENS
  • of BABYLON
  • 3. STATUE OF ZEUS
  • at OLYMPIA
  • 4. THE MAUSOLEUM
  • (of MAUSOLUS)
  • Destroyed by 1522 AD
  • after the Knights of St.
  • John use the stones to
  • build their fortress.

48. DestroyedChristians, 401 AD SEVEN WONDERS OF THE WORLD:TEMPLE of ARTEMIS at EPHESUS 49. SEVEN WONDERS OF THE WORLD

  • GREAT PYRAMID(S?)
  • of EGYPT
  • 2. HANGING GARDENS
  • of BABYLON
  • 3. STATUE OF ZEUS
  • at OLYMPIA
  • 4. THE MAUSOLEUM
  • (of MAUSOLUS)
  • 5. TEMPLE of ARTEMIS
  • at EPHESUS
  • 6. THE COLOSSUS of
  • RHODES
  • Destroyedsold as scrap by
  • Arab merchants 654 AD

50. SEVEN WONDERS OF THE WORLD

  • GREAT PYRAMID(S?)
  • of EGYPT
  • 2. HANGING GARDENS
  • of BABYLON
  • 3. STATUE OF ZEUS
  • at OLYMPIA
  • 4. THE MAUSOLEUM
  • (of MAUSOLUS)
  • 5. TEMPLE of ARTEMIS
  • at EPHESUS
  • 6. THE COLOSSUS of
  • RHODES
  • 7. THE LIGHTHOUSE of
  • ALEXANDRIA
  • Destroyed by Sultan in 1480 AD; stone used for fortifications