Rabindrasangeet, Psychotherapy, Consciousness, Integral psychology
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MONER SHUSHRUSHAY RABINDRA SANGEET/RABINDRASANGEET IN PSYCHOTHERAPYDr. D. Dutta Roy, Ph.D. (Psy.)Psychology Research UnitINDIAN STATISTICAL INSTITUTEKolkata 700 108International Conference on Bengali Literature organized by the Department of Bengali, West Bengal State University, Barasat, North 24 pgs., W.B.Date: 13.3.2009
Rabindrasangeet is a journey to Whole or completeness
Outer Layer:-Missing-AnomaliesInner Layer-Vividness-Orderliness-Complexity
Inner Core LayerHarmony with EnvironmentAestheticsCleanliness
A JourneyRabindrasangeet is a journey from outer layer to inner core through inner layer of consciousness.
"Chokher aloy dekhechilem chokher bahire"; (outer layer)"Antare aaj dekhbo, jakhan alok nahi re" (inner layer)"Dharay jakhan dao na dhara hriday takhan tomay bhara, ekhon tomar apan aloy tomay chahi re" (innercore layer)
Characteristics of 3 layersThe outer layer or Murta : What we sense through our five sensory organs; It is tangible and measurable. The inner layer or the Raaga : The meaning carried by the sensory stimuli. It is attached with emotion; It is apperception. It can be measured through quasi continuous scale. It is mixed with error variance. The inner core layer or Saraswat layer : The feeling of harmony, the existence of truth, the feeling of white; It is partially measured by the quasi continuous scale and projective tests. It is free from error variance.
Playing in the outer layer
Ami keboli swapan karechi bapan batase-Tai akashkusum karinu chayan hatasheChayar matan milay dharani, kul nahi pay ashar tarani,Manaspratima bhasia beray akashe
Emni karei jay jadi din jak na,Mon ureche uruk na re mele diye ganer pakhna
First stage of the journeyOuter layer properties suddenly find the existence of inner layer;
Amar hiyar majhe lukiye chileDekhte ami pai ni, tomay dekhte ami pai ni.Bahir-pane chokh melechi, amar hriday-pane chai ni.. Ami jwalbo na Ja chilo kalo-dhalo tomar range ranga holo.Jemon rangabaran tomar charan tar sane aar bhed n ralo.Ranga holo basan-bhushan, ranga holo shyan-swapanHolo kemon dekh re, jemon ranga kamal talomolo.
The Second stage The journey is not very smooth. Lot of ideas are broken, built and rebuilt.
Tomay niye khelechilem khelar gharetekhelar putul bhenge geche pralayy jhaarete
Thak tabe sei kebol khela, hok -na ekhon praner mela-tarer bina bhanglo, hriday-binay gahi re. "
Mixing with inner core/Saraswat layerAmar poran jaha chay tumi tai, tumi tai Gotoma chhara ar e jogote mor keho nai, keho nai Go.Tumi sukh jodi nahi pao, jao sukher sondhane jaoami tomare peyechhi hridhoymajhe, ar kichhu nahi chai go.Ami tomar birohe rohibo bileen, tomate koribo baasdhirgho dibos dhirgho rojoni, dirgho borosh-maas.
Association among the layers occurs following the principles of perceptual organization suggested by the Gestalt schools followed by principles of searching.
Principles of Perceptual organization Figure and GroundSimilarityProximity or contiguityClosureAreaSymmetry
Searching Principle : Growth of inquisitivenessFeeling of scattered impulses,needs etc.Searching cuesDoes it give meaningful pattern ?NY
Tomay Natun kare pabo bole harai khane khane .
Assumption of Mental Illness Faulty evolution of layers causes mental illness.Fault occurs due to
Deformity in 3 layers; (Physiological explanation: sensory limitation, Limbic system/thalamic region problem, Problem in nervous system).Faulty learning during the journey (conditioning by faulty reinforcement, faulty attribution).
Faulty learning Swapnamadir neshay mesha e unmattata jagay dehe mone eki bipul byatha (substance abuse)Keteche ekela biraher bela akashkusum chayane (depression)Jani tomar ajana nahi go ki ache amar mone.Ami gopan karite chai go, dhara pare du nayane. Ki bolite pache ki boli tai dure chale jai keboli. (Anx. Disorder)Kandale tumi more bhalobasari ghaye- Nibir bedanate pulak lage gaye (Sadism of hysteric patient)
Introspection Keno jamini na jete
Keno sara din dhire dhire balu niye shudhu khelo tire. Chale gelo bela,rekhe miche khela.Sakhi bohe gelo bela, shudhu hasikhela e ki aar bhalo lage
Adjusting selfAmar ekti katha banshi jane, banshii jane. Bhare railo buker tala, karo kache hoy ni bola, kebol bole gelam banshir kane kane Ami bhoy karbo na bhoy karbo na Jadi tor daak shune keu na ase tabe ekla chalo re
Case Study 1: Where all fail, Rabindrasangeet acts
Response control of OCDA woman of 52 years old came to me with complaint of OCD to dirt. Patient reported her inability to control washing compulsion. For last 30 years, she regularly went to toilet for washing and cleaning hands. She always closed her hands tightly so that her hands would be completely cleaned. Before visit to me, she was treated by many psychiatrists and one psychologist. No notable changes are noticed except long time sleep.
Patients behaviour Very inhibitive;Hand clasping tightly;Strong resistance to open clasping;Non-cooperative to participate;Not able to administer any available psychological tests.
Analysis of patient Patient is searching for dirt in the outer layer.In the inner layer, dirt is perceived as threatening;Patient wants to move away from inner to inner core layer. For the same, she spends most of the time in worshipping the God and keeping cleanliness. She is not happy with soaping hands as this can not help her to reach at the innercore layer of consciousness. This results approach avoidance conflict.
(Approaching to the soap in order to avoid dirt, again few soaping is not sufficient, so more soaping is required ).
Analysis of familyRepeated soaping consumes more water;Family assumes that it is unreasonable but patient assumes it as reasonable ;Family member is not aware of consciousness dynamics playing inside the patient.
Therpeautic analysisTarget: Preventing clasping hands;Consciousness model:
Outer layer (Murta) : Dirt perception;Inner layer (Raaga): Dirt as threat; Innercore (Saraswat) : Feeling of cleanliness;Currently, patient is moving around outer and inner layers only.Therapeautic target: Providing her Feeling of cleanliness.Rabindrasangeet is non-dirt area;Explore the song suitable for feeling of non-dirt area;
Session-1In the first session, patient was highly inhibitive to reveal herself. Due to difficulty in rapport establishment. I started singing - "Ananda loke, mangala loke" (moving to spiritual land).Suddenly, she started singing with me in very low voice;I paid my attention to her and started moving the hands keeping with the rhythm and waves of the song loudly. She participated into my hand movement and sang the song loudly.
Session-2In the 2nd session after 6 days, the client sang with me same song by standing. She moved her hands above head when she sang " Grahataraka chandra tapana byakula drutabege" (the planets, satellites are moving speedily). It is noted that her hands now completely opened.
Session-3In the 3rd sitting, patient reported that she alone practiced two songs
"Ektuku chona lage...." (feeling light touch), and "Eto din je bosechinu" (waiting for long days) at home. Finally, she sang with me both songs alongwith Ananda loke, danced and she never closed her hands.
Termination : Patient herself is able to prevent stopping hand clasping.
Case Study 2: Geetbitan as Projective test.
The Variables AgentHostEnvironment
Dynamics of latent variables InitialEXPRESSIOnMiddleTerminalAEHHH
Exploring techniques FACADE
OBSERVATIONPARTICIPANT OBSERVATIONINTERVIEWFOCUSED GROUP DISCUSSION
FREE ASSOCIATIONPROJECTIVE TECHNIQUEDATA MINING
Probability for variable explorationStructuredUnstructuredHigh prob.Low prob
Projective testIndividual projects own feelings, conflict and desires on others;Psychologists use several projective tests for analysis of projection of the patient. Some widely used tests are : Rorschach, TAT, Sentence completion test, Word association test etc.They explore set of inner dynamics playing latent role in causation of mental illness by analyzing test responses. Later the findings are used for psychotherapy. When patient is non-cooperative, it becomes difficult to administer projective tests. Rabindrasangeet acts there.
Theories of hierarchy Individual by singing, listening develops hierarchy of songs;Hierarchy depends upon ones understanding about capability of the song to achieve feeling of completeness.Hierarchy can be measured using rank order scale. Here is a study:
Analysis of ProjectionA neurotic depressed patient came to me with complaints of suicidal desires. She was co-operative. In stead of using common psychodiagnostic test, I used Geetbitan She was asked to select 10 songs from Geetbitan, the famous Book of songs composed by Rabindranath Tagore.Patient selected following 10 songs:
1. Akash bhara surya tara2. Aloker ei jharna dharay3. Ananda dhara bahiche bhubane4. Ananda loke mangala loke5. Aji jato tara tabo6. Amar mukti aloy aloy7. Ami chini go chini8. Aro aro prabhu aro aro9. Alo amar alo ogo10. E ki labonye punya
Next, I told her to rank them. Her rank was :First : 3, Second : 10, Third : 4
Finally, she sang the first rank song (Ananda dhara bohiche bhubane). I followed her in singing.I have