Orthopaedic Terminologies

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    OrthopaedicOrthopaedic

    terminologiesterminologies

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    FracturesFractures

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    FracturesFractures

    DisplacedDisplaced

    UndisplacedUndisplaced

    Closed (Simple)Closed (Simple)

    Open (Compound)Open (Compound)

    TraumaticTraumatic

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    FracturesFractures

    PathologicalPathological

    ComminutedComminuted

    SegmentalSegmental

    ComplicatedComplicated

    AvulsionAvulsion

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    FracturesFractures

    BurstBurst

    ChipChip

    CompressionCompression

    Stress (Fatigue)Stress (Fatigue)

    GreenstickGreenstick

    ImpactedImpacted

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    Fractures with eponymsFractures with eponyms

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    Fractures with eponymsFractures with eponyms

    BartonsBartons

    ChauffersChauffers

    CollesColles

    GalleazziGalleazzi

    MonteggiaMonteggia

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    Fractures with eponymsFractures with eponyms

    NightNight stickstick

    SmithsSmiths

    BennettsBennetts

    BoxersBoxers

    MalletMallet

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    Bennets fractureBennets fracture

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    Rolandos fractureRolandos fracture

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    Fractures with eponymsFractures with eponyms

    RolandoRolando

    HangmansHangmans

    MalgaignesMalgaignes

    BumperBumper

    CottonsCottons

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    Fractures with eponymsFractures with eponyms

    PottsPotts

    MarchMarch

    AviatorsAviators

    JonesJones

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    DislocationsDislocations

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    DislocationsDislocations

    DislocationDislocation

    SubluxationSubluxation

    CongenitalCongenital AcquiredAcquired

    -- TraumaticTraumatic

    --R

    ecurrentR

    ecurrent-- HabitualHabitual

    -- PathologicalPathological

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    Signs and TestsSigns and Tests

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    Signs and TestsSigns and Tests

    Apleys grinding testApleys grinding test

    Apprehension testApprehension test

    Barlows testBarlows test

    Blue scleraBlue sclera

    Bryants testBryants test

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    Signs and TestsSigns and Tests

    Callaways testCallaways test

    Chovsteks testChovsteks test

    Claw handClaw hand

    Cozens testCozens test

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    Signs and TestsSigns and Tests

    Drawer testDrawer test

    -- AnteriorAnterior

    -- PosteriorPosterior

    Finkelsteins testFinkelsteins test

    Foot dropFoot drop Froments signFroments sign

    Gaenslens testGaenslens test

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    Signs and TestsSigns and Tests

    Galleazzi signGalleazzi sign

    Gowers signGowers sign

    HamiltonHamilton ruler testruler test

    Kanavels signKanavels sign

    Lasegues testLasegues test

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    Signs and TestsSigns and Tests

    Lachmann testLachmann test

    McMurrays testMcMurrays test

    Obers testObers test

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    Signs and TestsSigns and Tests

    ODonoghue triadODonoghue triad

    Ortolanis testOrtolanis test

    PivotPivot shift testshift test

    PolicemanPoliceman

    Sulcus signSulcus sign

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    Signs and TestsSigns and Tests

    Thomas testThomas test

    Trendelenburgs testTrendelenburgs test

    Tinels signTinels sign

    Volkmanns signVolkmanns sign

    Wrist dropWrist drop

    Runners kneeRunners knee

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    Some Orthopaedic termsSome Orthopaedic terms

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    Some Orthopaedic termsSome Orthopaedic terms

    OsteotomyOsteotomy

    OsteoclasisOsteoclasis

    OsteosynthesisOsteosynthesis

    OsteogenesisOsteogenesis

    ArthrolysisArthrolysis

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    Some Orthopaedic termsSome Orthopaedic terms

    ArthrodesisArthrodesis

    ArthroplastyArthroplasty

    ArthrocentesisArthrocentesis

    ArthroscopyArthroscopy

    ArthrotomyArthrotomy

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    Some Orthopaedic termsSome Orthopaedic terms

    ArthrographyArthrography

    LaminotomyLaminotomy

    HemilaminectomyHemilaminectomy

    LaminectomyLaminectomy

    FenestrationFenestration

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    Some Orthopaedic termsSome Orthopaedic terms

    NeurolysisNeurolysis

    Neurectomy

    Neurectomy

    NeurorraphyNeurorraphy

    TenotomyTenotomy

    TenodesisTenodesis

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    Some Orthopaedic termsSome Orthopaedic terms

    TenolysisTenolysis

    Tendon transfersTendon transfers

    Closed reductionClosed reduction

    Open reductionOpen reduction

    EpiphysiodesisEpiphysiodesis

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    GaitsGaits

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    GaitsGaits

    Antalgic gaitAntalgic gait

    Trendelenburg gaitTrendelenburg gait

    Stiff hip gaitStiff hip gait

    Duck wadding gaitDuck wadding gait

    Scissoring gaitScissoring gait

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    GaitsGaits

    High stepping gaitHigh stepping gait

    Circumduction gaitCircumduction gait

    CharlieCharlie Chaplin gaitChaplin gait

    Sailors gaitSailors gait

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    MiscellaneousMiscellaneous

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    MiscellaneousMiscellaneous

    OsteoarthritisOsteoarthritis

    OsteophyteOsteophyte

    NonNon unionunion

    DelayedDelayed unionunion

    MalMal unionunion

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    MiscellaneousMiscellaneous

    Valgus deformityValgus deformity

    Varus deformityVarus deformity

    Bone graftingBone grafting

    PseudoarthrosisPseudoarthrosis

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    MiscellaneousMiscellaneous

    ImageImage intensifierintensifier

    SpicaSpica

    PlatePlate

    NailNail

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    Primary investigationsPrimary investigations

    Most common and the most usefulMost common and the most useful

    investigation in orthopaedics isinvestigation in orthopaedics is

    X raysX rays

    Usually an AP and lateral views.Usually an AP and lateral views.

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    CT scanCT scan

    The bone contour is outThe bone contour is out

    Lined very clearlyLined very clearly

    Presently three dimentional CT scan isPresently three dimentional CT scan isavailableavailable

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    MRIMRI

    The is most useful in spine examinationThe is most useful in spine examination

    Shows the spinal cord clearlyShows the spinal cord clearly

    Soft tissue abnormalitiesSoft tissue abnormalities

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    Bone scanBone scan

    Mainly in infectionsMainly in infections

    and metastasisand metastasis

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    Bone marrow densityBone marrow density

    osteoporosisosteoporosis

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    Serum calciumSerum calcium

    Serum phosphorusSerum phosphorus

    Serum Alkaline phosphataseSerum Alkaline phosphatase Urinary calciumUrinary calcium

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    Non operative managementNon operative management

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    Closed reduction techniqueClosed reduction technique

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    NonoperativeNonoperative

    managementmanagementof tibialof tibial

    fracturefracture

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    POP applicationPOP application

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    POPPOP

    appliapplicatiocatio

    nn

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    POP applicationPOP application

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    POP applicationPOP application