OCLC Online Computer Library Center FRBR and OCLC Research Eric Childress OCLC Research UNC SILS...

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OCLC Online Computer Library Center FRBR and OCLC Research Eric Childress OCLC Research UNC SILS Chapel Hill, NC 10 April 2006 Slide 2 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Outline FRBR explained OCLC Work Audience Level FictionFinder Dewey Browser Live Search OCLC FirstSearch WorldCat FRBR Slide 3 OCLC Online Computer Library Center FRBR basics FRBR = Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records Work done under the auspices of IFLA Uses an entity-attribute approach to provide a conceptual model of the bibliographic universe Provides a clearly defined, structured framework for relating bibliographic data to user needs Slide 4 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Four User Tasks: Find entities that match the search criteria Identify entities (confirm that the user has found what they were looking for) Select an entity that matches the users criteria Obtain access to the entity through purchase, loan, or through electronic remote access And, maybe a fifth: Navigate Slide 5 OCLC Online Computer Library Center FRBR defines 3 groups of entities Group 1: products of intellectual or artistic endeavor that are named of described in bibliographic records work, expression, manifestation, item Group 2: entities responsible for the intellectual or artistic content, the physical production and dissemination, or the custodianship of such products person, corporate body Group 3: entities that serve as the subjects of intellectual or artistic endeavor concept, object, event, place Slide 6 From William Denton (http://www.frbr.org/)http://www.frbr.org/ intellectual/ bibliographic units agents aboutness Slide 7 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Work Expression Is realized through Is exemplified by Item Manifestation Is embodied in A distinct intellectual or artistic creation The intellectual or artistic realization of a work The physical embodiment of an expression A single exemplar of a manifestation Group 1 Entities Slide 8 OCLC Online Computer Library Center OCLC FRBR work set algorithm-based cluster of related WorldCat records OriginalEnglish Translation Illustrated edition Abridged edition Adaptation Expressions Work Work eee e Slide 9 OCLC Online Computer Library Center The FRBR model is revolutionary. The (computer) catalogue is not seen as a sequence of bibliographic records and a replica of the traditional card catalogue, but rather as a network of connected data, enabling the user to perform seamlessly all the necessary functions. -Dr. Maja umer. National and University Library, Ljubljana, Slovenia Slide 10 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Applying FRBR in services Incorporating the concepts of the FRBR model in systems: Superior presentation of search results Esp. in large files more intuitive clustering May help streamline library cataloging Reduces repeated keying of work-related info Bibliographic & management intelligence New insights into works (e.g., OCLCs 1000 list)OCLCs 1000 list Libraries can operate at workset level (e.g., ILL) Slide 11 OCLC Online Computer Library Center OCLC Projects Audience Level FictionFinder Dewey Browser Live Search OCLC FirstSearch WorldCat FRBR Slide 12 OCLC Online Computer Library Center OCLC Research Mission: To expand knowledge that advances OCLC's public purposes of: Furthering access to the world's information Reducing library costs Description: ~ 30 staff (including 8 scientists) in Dublin, OH Applied research in metadata, taxonomies, search standards, retrieval systems, user IR behavior, digitization, collection analysis, and related areas Also various standards work (e.g., Dublin Core) Slide 13 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Worldcat (FRBR stats) Manifestations Works Items (est: holdings*1.5) 59,879,322 47,423,810 1,531,400,969 35,372,459 28,542,021 1,194,751,352 Total Print books Slide 14 Works with 1 manifestation: 87% Works with between 2 and 5 manifestations: 12% Works with > 5 manifestations: 1% Works with 1 manifestation: 43% of total holdings Works with between 2 and 5 manifestations: 40% of total holdings Works with > 5 manifestations: 17% of total holdings Manifestations By Holdings Works in WorldCat Slide 15 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Top 10 works in WC by holdings 10 Slide 16 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Audience Level An OCLC Research prototypeprototype A two-step process for assigning a relative audience level: Use MARC Target Audience if present If not, calculate the audience based on weighted holdings Features: Human- and machine- readable interfaces Resolves OCLC record number or ISBN to probable audience level OCLC Research Team: Lynn Connaway (lead) Brian Lavoie Ed ONeill Cliff Snyder Akeisha Heard Slide 17 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Calculating audience level Library TypeWeightHoldingsHoldings Wgt. ARL1.007272.00 Academic.679764.99 Public.3382.64 School.0000 177139.63 Sum of Holding Weight Total Holdings 139.63 177 = 0.78 Operations research for libraries and information agencies : techniques for the evaluation of management decision alternatives by Donald H Kraft & Bert R Boyce [San Diego : Academic Press, 1991] Slide 18 OCLC Online Computer Library Center work manifestations in workset Human-readable interface 0.62 Slide 19 OCLC Online Computer Library Center work manifestations in workset Human-readable interface 0.45 Slide 20 OCLC Online Computer Library Center FictionFinder An OCLC experimental prototype prototype Supports searching & browsing of fiction materials cataloged in WorldCat Fiction records 2.8 million Unique works 1.4 million Total holdings 130 million Employs FRBR to: Build a work view & cluster related records Support the creation of special indexes OCLC Research team: Diane Vizine-Goetz (lead) Roger Thompson Carol Hickey Lance Osborne J.D. Shipengrover New version: Available later in 2006 Improved navigation & work- based displays Slide 21 Slide 22 Alphabetical browse display in redesigned interface Slide 23 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Nearly 20,000 works retrieved The record for Don Quixote represents 2,300+ editions Slide 24 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Don Quixote work view aggregates information from 2,367 editions in 40,212 libraries Slide 25 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Don Quixote work view limited to Spanish language editions ordered by latest publication date Slide 26 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Link to OCLC WorldCat Find in a Library Service Edition (manifestation) record display Slide 27 Slide 28 OCLC Online Computer Library Center DeweyBrowser An OCLC experimental prototypeprototype Supports searching & browsing collections organized by DDC Presents search results at three levels corresponding to the three main summaries of Dewey Collections available: wcat 2.2 million of the most widely held WorldCat records wcat abr14 selected data from the Abridged Edition 14 of DDC abr14 ebooks - 210,000 + electronic book records from WorldCat ebooks Summaries can be displayed in: English French German Spanish Swedish OCLC Research team: Diane Vizine-Goetz (lead) Thom Hickey (lead) Harry Wagner Carol Hickey Lance Osborne Slide 29 Slide 30 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Slide 31 Live Search OCLC Research prototype Features: Quick searches target with each additional keystroke of search term/phrase Retrieves ordered, FRBR- inspired results (combined with holdings-based ranking) Narrow-by Dewey attributes (expressed as captions) OCLC Research Team: Thom Hickey (lead) Jenny Toves Ralph LeVan Files being prototyped: Phoenix Public+DDC LCSH Slide 32 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Search results automatically regenerate as searches are entered Slide 33 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Search categories automatically update as search results update Slide 34 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Narrow by natural facets (categories) of any given result set Slide 35 OCLC Online Computer Library Center item data drawn from Phoenix Publics OPAC Slide 36 OCLC Online Computer Library Center FirstSearch WorldCat FRBR Prototype of planned OCLC Production version of WorldCat on the OCLC FirstSearch platform FRBR-inspired clustering of search results Pilot testing underway Production release sometime in 2006 Slide 37 OCLC Online Computer Library Center [kw: harry potter goblet fire] Currently in FirstSearch Slide 38 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Comparing current FS with FRBR-inspired results [kw: harry potter goblet fire] Slide 39 OCLC Online Computer Library Center and scrolling to the bottom. bottom of multi-version record manifestations Slide 40 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Selecting Large Print within that record Slide 41 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Questions? Eric Childress Consulting Project Manger OCLC Research http://www.oclc.org/research/staff/childress.htm Slide 42 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Resources on FRBR Slide 43 OCLC Online Computer Library Center IFLA-related FRBR resources IFLA FRBR Review Group http://www.ifla.org/VII/s13/wgfrbr/wgfrbr.htm Functional requirements for bibliographic records : final report / IFLA Study Group on the Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records ; Approved by the Standing Committee of the IFLA Section on Cataloguing. Mnich : K.G. Saur, 1998. viii, 136 pages. ISBN 3-598-11382-X also online: http://www.ifla.org/VII/s13/frbr/frbr.htmhttp://www.ifla.org/VII/s13/frbr/frbr.htm FRBR Bibliography: http://www.ifla.org/VII/s13/wgfrbr/bibliography.htm FRBR in 21st century catalogues (Workshop held at OCLC) http://www.oclc.org/research/events/frbr-workshop Statement of International Cataloguing Principles http://www.loc.gov/loc/ifla/imeicc/source/statement-draft_jan05.pdf Slide 44 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Selected additional resources Boston, Tony, Bemal Rajapatirana and Roxanne Missingham Libraries Australia: Simplifying the Search Experience (2005) http://www.nla.gov.au/nla/staffpaper/2