Morality Of Waterboarding

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Assessing the morality of WaterBoarding.

Transcript of Morality Of Waterboarding

  • 1. MORALITY OF WATERBOARDING
    • THIS SET OF CHARTS TAKES A LOOK AT THE MORALITY OF WATERBOARDING TERRORISTS.
  • SOME SAY:AMERICA MUST NEVERSTOOP TO THE LEVEL OF ITS ENEMIES
  • SOME SAY:WHAT IFYOUARE THE DECISIONMAKER ANDYOUMUST DECIDE IF WATERBOARDING A TERRORIST MIGHT SAVE 10,000 AMERICAN LIVES.
  • YOU BELIEVE YOU ARE A MORAL PERSON.WHATSYOURDECISION ?

2. MORALITY OF WATERBOARDING. TOPICS COVERED.

  • WATERBOARDING SOME
  • FUNDAMENTALS.
  • MORALITY OF WATERBOARDING
  • A BALANCED LOOK.
  • ASSESSINGTHEMORAL
  • BALANCE.
  • CONCLUSIONS.

3. MORALITY OF WATERBOARDING

  • PRIMARY REFERENCE FOR THIS MATERIAL:
    • When Is It Moral to Sacrifice the Safety and Lives of Americans?,Raymond S. Kraft,www.familysecuritymatters.org ,Dec 10, 2007

4. MORALITY OF WATERBOARDING

  • WATERBOARDING OF TERRORISTS HAS BEEN RAISED AS
  • A MORAL ISSUE.THIS NEEDS ABALANCEDLOOK.
  • TERRORISM IS A KILLING OF INNOCENTS.THE
  • MORALITY OF GAINING INTEL TO PREVENT SUCH
  • ATTACKS SHOULD BE THOUGHTFULLY EXAMINED.
  • ASSESSINGTHE MORAL BALANCE IS A WEIGHING OF ACTIONS AND CONSEQUENCES.
  • PREVIEWING THE CONCLUSIONS GIVEN HERE:
    • THE MORALITY OF WATERBOARDGMUST WEIGH:
    • POSSIBILITY OFLIVES SAVED VS DISCOMFORT
    • THAT WATERBOARDGISTORTURE IS DEBATABLE
    • TERRORISTS HAVE FORFEITED THEIR MORAL
    • RIGHT TO ULTRA-HUMANE TREATMENT
    • WATERBOARDING, UNDERLIMITED APPLICATION,
    • IS ARGUABLY A MORAL ACTION

5. MORALITY OF WATERBOARDING At the top of the news this past week (early Dec. 07)is the story that the CIA destroyed, in 2005, some videotapes of its interrogations of terrorists.With the story conveniently breaking just before the January primaries, the timing for political effect is suspect.Senator Edward Kennedy (D-MA) accused the CIA of a cover-up: "The agency was desperate to cover up damning evidence of their practices." 6. MORALITY OF WATERBOARDING SIMULATION OF WATERBOARDING A technique in which the Terrorist is strapped to a board, tipped head-down, his face covered with a cloth, and water poured over his face. This induces a drowning reflex,panic, as the body senses that it is in imminent danger. It does not actually drown the terrorist, it does not inflict severe pain or any permanent injury. 7. MORALITY OF WATERBOARDING

  • WATERBOARDING SOME
  • FUNDAMENTALS
  • MORALITY OF WATERBOARDING
  • A LITTLE PHILOSOPHY
  • ASSESSINGTHEMORAL
  • BALANCE
  • CONCLUSIONS

8. MORALITY OF WATERBOARDING SOME PHILOSOPHICAL UNDERPINNINGSPart 1: TheSocial Contract , theCivilizational Contract , as conceived by Locke, Rosseau, and other Enlightenment philosophers of the 18th century, whose thought profoundly influenced Jefferson's Declaration of Independence and the United States Constitution,is the implicit social and culturalagreement by which most men, and most women agree to treat each other with decency and civility, in exchange for the expectation that others will treat them with reciprocal decency and civility. Raymond Kraft, op cit 9. MORALITY OF WATERBOARDING SOME PHILOSOPHICAL UNDERPINNINGSPart 2: In contemporary contract law, we can invoke the terms of a contract only so long as we have not breached them. Once we breach a contract, we can no longer expect ordemand the benefit of the contract. When a member of an organization like Al Qaedatakes up terrorism, they breach the Social/Civilizational Contract, by committing deliberate, premeditatedatrocitiesagainst innocent people, in the pursuit of their ownpolitical or religious ambitions.Once they have breached theseContracts they become outlaws, outside the protection of natural law. By refusing to treat others with decency and civility, they lose any moral claim to be treated with decency and civility themselves, and they no longer have any moral standing to expect that they should not be waterboarded. Adapted from Raymond Kraft, op cit 10. MORALITY OF WATERBOARDING

  • Iswaterboarding "torture" ?From Webster: TORTURE :
    • 1. The infliction of extreme pain on one held captive, as in punishment, to obtain a confession or information, or to deter the action of others
    • 2.Intense physical or mental suffering.
    • 3. Something that causes severe pain."
  • DO you believeinfliction ofmomentary panic (not "extreme
  • pain" ) by waterboarding meets this definition?
  • Uncomfortable?Unpleasant?Panic-inducing?
  • Yes,but torture ?
  • PLEASE HOLD YOUR THOUGHTS A MOMENT.

11. MORALITY OF WATERBOARDING 12. MORALITY OF WATERBOARDING SEVER LIMBS REMOVE EYE TORCH SKIN IRON TO SKIN 13. MORALITY OF WATERBOARDING NOT PRETTY - - BUT IT DOESNT KILL- -AND IT SAVES LIVES 14. MORALITY OF WATERBOARDING

  • WATERBOARDING SOME
  • FUNDAMENTALS
  • MORALITY OF WATERBOARDING
  • A LITTLE PHILOSOPHY
  • ASSESSINGTHEMORAL
  • BALANCE
  • CONCLUSIONS

15. MORALITY OF WATERBOARDING 16. MORALITY OF WATERBOARDING WHERE DO YOU PUT YOURWEIGHTS ? 17. MORALITY OF WATERBOARDING

  • WATERBOARDING SOME
  • FUNDAMENTALS
  • MORALITY OF WATERBOARDING
  • A BALANCED LOOK
  • ASSESSINGTHEMORAL
  • BALANCE
  • CONCLUSIONS

18. MORALITY OF WATERBOARDING

  • THE CONCLUSIONS:
    • THE MORALITY OF WATERBOARDGMUST BE
    • WEIGHED AS:THE POSSIBILITY OFAMERICAN LIVES SAVED VSENEMY DISCOMFORT
    • THAT WATERBOARDGIS TORTURE IS
    • DEBATABLE.
    • TERRORISTS HAVE FORFEITED THEIR MORAL
    • RIGHT TO ULTRA-HUMANE TREATMENT
    • WATERBOARDING, UNDER LIMITED
    • APPLICATION, IS ARGUABLY, A MORAL
    • ACTION.E.G., WHEN IT IS APPLIED AGAINST TERRORISTS TO SAVE INNOCENT LIVES .

19. MORALITY OF WATERBOARDING THE END