Mgmt 583 Labor Relations Chapter 4:Union Structure and Government Fall 2007.
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Transcript of Mgmt 583 Labor Relations Chapter 4:Union Structure and Government Fall 2007.
Mgmt 583 Labor Relations
Chapter 4:Union Structure and GovernmentFall 2007
Growth in Healthcare Industry Union membership is in decline, but hospitals
offer growth opportunities for unions. 14.6% in bargaining units. 12.6% are union members (8.2% in private
hospitals). Up 2% since 2005.
Hospital Bargaining Units Eight predetermined categories:
Physicians Registered nurses Other professional employees Medical technicians Skilled maintenance workers Clerical workers, guards Other nonprofessional employees
No unit, however, will be certified that has fewer than six employees.
Source: American Hosp. Ass'n v. NLRB, 499 U.S. 606 (1991).
Union Structure: LocalsMembership Meeting
Secretary Treasurer Sergeant-at-
The Local Represents the members of the BU in the day-
to-day dealings with the employer. How local jurisdiction is defined:
Type of work performed (craft v. industrial). Specific geographic area (city or employer or
facility). Type of activity (bargaining, grievance handling,
etc.) Level of union governance (local v. national)
The Local Remember that in IR there are only two partie:
employer & union. Employees are members of the union which
represents them. Member rights are protected by:
The Constitution of the local CBA
Most union members do not participate in local business meetings (< 1/3).
Independent Local Unions Some unions may be independent of a
national or the AFL-CIO Independent Local Unions (ILU) represent
employees of a single employer and no other.
Union Structure: Locals
Two major committees: Executive Committee
President Vice-president Recording secretary Financial secretary Treasurer Sergeant-at-arms Shop Stewards Business agents (craft unions)
Union Structure: Locals Negotiation Committee
Chief negotiator Representative from the national Cost specialist Note taker/secretary Language draftsman
Union Structure: Locals Duties of the Shop Steward
Ensures first-line supervisors comply with the CBA POC for initial grievance handling Collects dues Disseminates union information Solicits support for union activities
Note: Usually enjoys superseniority
Union Structure: Nationals
Union Structure: Nationals Originally nationals represented workers in a
single industry as their names may imply. “International” unions are such because they
include Bus in Canada. They have elected presidents but full-time
professional staffs. Presidents are elected at the national convention
by delegates chosen by the locals.
Union Structure: Nationals Local-National Relationships
Responsible for organizing new locals Charters locals Requires national approval for:
Strikes Contract ratification
Maintains strike fund Maintains union pension funds Provides IR support and expertise
Union Structure: Nationals Local-National Relationships
Promotes union legislative agendas Health and safety laws Equal pay laws Civil rights laws Minimum wage laws Repeal right-to-work laws Trade restrictions
Union Structure: Nationals National Goals:
Organizing to increase numbers and control a greater share of the labor market.
Enhance the satisfaction of existing members [aids retention].
Focus most strategic activities toward: Corporate campaigns PACs Education
Union Structure: AFL-CIO
AFL-CIO(9 million workers)
National Unions(53 Independent Unions)
Union Structure: AFL-CIO President John J. Sweeney (1995- ) AFL-CIO was formed in 1955 when the AFL
and the CIO mergered.
Union Structure: AFL-CIO Primary Activities are Political:
Supporting pro-union candidates in national, state and local elections.
Increasing overall union membership. Union Summer – an organizing campaign. Organizing Institute – trains organizers.
Provides support to achieving political agendas.
AFL-CIO Political Agendas
Anti-Right-to-Work Pro-Affirmative Action Anti-English as an Official Language Anti-Balanced Budget Amendment Anti-School Vouchers Anti-Teacher Competency Testing Anti-Privatization of Public Sector Pro-Regulation of HMOs Anti-Free Trade (including NAFTA) Pro-Increasing the Minimum Wage
AFL-CIO Political Agendas In August 2006, the AFL-CIO
announced it would spend $40 million on get-out-the-vote operations for the 2006 midterm elections.
Trends Increased effort to organize service and
administrative professions. Increased effort to organize public employees. Increased union mergers (attempting to
achieve economies of scale)
Change to Win Change to Win Federation formed by seven unions
who want to place more emphasis on organizing and less on PACs. SEIU (Andrew Stern) IBT (James Hoffa) United Food and Commercial Workers Union UNITE HERE (Union of Needletrades, Industrial, and
Textile Employees and the Hotel Employees and Restaurant Employees union)
Laborers International Union of North America United Farm Workers, United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America
OPEIU Local Membership
Trustees Executive Board Labor Council Delegates
OPEIU International (140,000 members, 209 locals)
Washington State Labor Council
Source: Office and Professional Employees International Union Local
Change to Win On September 27, 2005, Change to Win held
its founding convention in St. Louis, Missouri.
Anna Burger, elected Chair of the Change to Win Federation.
At least 75% of Change to Win's resources and budget must to be allocated to organizing programs.
Have target Wal-Mart as a “must organize.”
International Brotherhood of Teamsters Second time they have left the AFL-CIO.
1960 – expelled 1987 – readmitted 2005 - left on own accord
About 1.4 million members (2004).
Additions to Change to WIN’s Ranks since 2005 Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers BLE Brotherhood of Maintenance of Way
Employees BMWE Graphic Communications International Union
GCIU National Association of Government
Employees NAGE Retail, Wholesale and Department Store
About Exam I Bring two blue books Four Part Test:
Part I Short Answer Essay (6 of 8) 6 points ea. Part II Definitions (10 of 12) 2 points ea. Part III Essay (3 of 5) 12 points ea. Part IV Matching (all) 8 total points. Bonus 5 points.
General Instructions for Exams Closed books, no notes. Students are expected to do their own
work. No hats, caps, or visors (or reverse the
bills) during exams. No cell phones, palm pilots or similar
devices during examinations. Once the exam begins no one may leave
the room unless their exam is completed.