Meaning and Importance of Tourism

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1. Take The Tour The Meaning and Importance of Tourism 2. See Your Itinerary Definition of Tourism Differentiate Tourist from Excursionists Various Elements of Travel Nature of a Tour 3. See Your Itinerary Tourist Product and Destination Tourism with Other Industries Importance of Tourism Summary 4. Definition of Tourism 5. DEFINITION OF TOURISM: Sum of the phenomena and relationships arising from the travel and stay of non- residents, in so far as they do not lead to permanent residence and are not connected to any earning activity. Hunziker and Krapf of Berne University, Switzerland. 6. Tourism is the temporary short-term movement of people to destinations outside the places where they normally live and work and their activities during their stay at these destinations. Tourism Society in Britain. Tourism may be defined in terms of particular activities selected by choice and undertaken outside the home environment. Reformulated by the Tourism Society in Cardiff. 7. The activities of the persona travelling to and staying in place outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purpose. -UNWTO 8. Tourism is a combination of phenomena and relationships. Two essential elements: Dynamic element (The journey) and the Static element (The stay). The journey and stay are to and from destinations outside the place of residence and work. Burkart and Medlik cited five main characteristics of tourism: 9. The movement to destinations is temporary and short-term. Destinations are visited for purpose not connected with paid work, that is, not to be employed and not for business or vocational reasons. 10. MEANING OF TOURIST: A tourist is a person who, visits a country other than that in which he usually resides for a period of at least 24 hours. The League of Nations in 1937. A visitor as any person visiting a country other than that of earning money. The United Nations Conference on International Travel and Tourism in 1963. 11. Differentiate Tourist from Excursionists 12. Tourists: Temporary visitors staying at least 24 hours, whose purpose could be classified as: Leisure, Business, Family, Mission and Meeting. Excursionists: Temporary visitors staying less than 24 hours in the destination visited and not making an overnight stay, including cruise travelers but excluding travelers in transit. Two Classes of visitors: 13. Various Elements of Travel 14. Four basic elements that have been used as criteria for defining travelers and/or tourists. Four Elements of Travel: 15. A measure that has been used to distinguish travel away from home is the distance traveled on a trip. A trip is defined as each time a person goes to a place at least 100 miles away from home and returns. Travelers, on this bases, are individuals who travel at least 100 miles in one direction from home. Distance 16. The definition of tourist and excursionists are proposed by the WTO is largely teased on length of stay. Tourists are temporary visitors who make at least one overnight stay while Excursionists are temporary visitors who do not stay overnight in the country that they visit. Length of Stay at Destination 17. For business purposes, it is important to know where people live. Residence of the Traveler 18. Can be divided into seven: Purpose of Travel 1. Visiting friends and relatives 2. Conventions, seminars, and meetings 3. Business 4. Outdoor recreation hunting, fishing, boating and camping 5. Entertainment sightseeing, theater, sports 6. Personal family, medical, funeral, wedding 7. Others 19. Nature of a Tour 20. Domestic Tourism travel taken exclusively within the national boundaries of the travels;ers country. International Tourism the movement of people across international boundaries. The Nature of a Tour 21. A package tour, sometimes called inclusive tour is an arrangement in which transport and accommodation is bought by the tourist at an all-inclusive price and the price of the individual elements cannot be determined by the purchaser himself. Continuation 22. The tour operator who organizes the package tour purchases transport and hotel accommodation in advance, usually obtaining these at a lower price because he is buying them in bulk. He sells the tours individually to tourists direct or through travel agents. On the other hand, an independent tour is one in which the tourist buys these facilities separately, either making reservations in advance through a travel agent or en route during his tour. Continuation 23. Tourists purchasing package tours may do so on the basis of either individual or group travel. An independent inclusive tour is one in which the tourist tour he travels in the company of other tourist. The abbreviations IIT and GIT are used for individual inclusive tour and group inclusive tour respectively. Continuation 24. Tourist Product and Destination 25. The Tourist Product Tourist Product this consist of what the tourist buy. Combination of what the tourist does at the destination and the services he uses during his stay. 26. Characteristic of Tourist Product Service - Intangible item - This include a high degree of trust on the part of the buyer Psychological in its attraction - Strange environment, culture, heritage, intangible benefits such as atmosphere and hospitality Tends to vary in standard and quality - Unequal standard and equal standard Supply of the product is fixed 27. The Tourist Destination Tourist Destination A geographical unit which the tourist visits and where he stay Three basic interrelationship factors: Attractions Amenities or Facilities Accessibility 28. The Tourist Destination / Attraction Site Attractions One in which the destination itself has appeal. Ex. Country, resort such as Boracay. Event Attractions One in which tourist are drawn to the destination solely because of what is taking place there. Ex. Congresses, exhibitions, festivals such as Ati-atihan Natural Ex. Mountains Man-made Ex. Buildings 29. The Tourist Destination / Amenities or Facilities Amenities or Facilities Include: Accommodation Local Transport Communications Entertainment 30. The Tourist Destination / Accessibility Accessibility Having regular and convenience of transport in terms of time/distance to the destination from the originating country at a reasonable price. Good railways, coach services, airport and seaport are design to facilitate accessibility. 31. Tourist Services Principal tourist services: PASSENGER TRANSPORT This provides the means to reach the destination as well as the movement at the destination. Transport are between public and private. Various mode: Land, Sea and Air 32. Tourist ServicesSecond group of tourist services: ACCOMMODATION, FOOD AND BEVERAGES AND ENTERTAINMENT Hotels are of vital concern to a large proportion of tourist. Some stay in friends, relatives, private accommodations and other in a form of caravans and tents. Food and Beverages operation cut across since eating is a necessity and pleasure for travellers. Entertainment with amusement and recreation is the primary reason why millions of people travel. 33. Tourist Services Third group of tourist services: Provided by Travel Agent and Tour Operator Travel Agent is the distributor/supply the product. Tour Operator is the manufacturer of the product. 34. Tourist Services Other services: Documentation Information 35. Tourism with Other Industries 36. Characteristics of Tourism The different of Tourism to the other industries Not brought to the consumer while other manufactured in a factory is brought to the wholesaler, retailer and ultimately. Not used up while other have limited resources. Tourism is a labor-intensive industry requires more man-power than other industries. Tourism is people oriented. Tourism industry is seasonal. Tourism industry dynamic. 37. Importance of Tourism 38. 1. Contribution to the balance of payments. 2. Dispersion of development. 3. Effect on general economic development. Importance of Tourism 39. 4. Employment Opportunities - Source of employment - Provide a solution for unemployment and underemployment 5. Social Benefits - social exchange with the local inhabitants 6. Cultural Enrichment - appreciate the rich human and cultural diversity - encourages governments to preserve historical sites and monuments and motivates indigenous groups to preserve their heritage in the form of dance, music, and artifacts 40. 7. Educational Significance - Enhance ones education. - They provide up-to-date information for enhancing the knowledge and skills for the development of the tourism industry. 8. A Vital force for peace - Properly designed and developed can help bridge the psychological and cultural distances that separate people of different races, colors, religions. 41. Summary 42. SUMMARY Tourism is the temporary movement of people to destination outside their normal environment. Temporary visitors: Stay at least 24 hours/overnight. Excursionist visitors: Stay less than 24 hours. Four basic elements of travel: -Distance -Length of stay at the destination -Residence of the traveler -Purposes of travel 43. Tour may be: Domestic or International Independent or Package Three Interrelationship Factors: Attraction Amenities or Facilities Accessibility 44. Principal tourist services are supplied by passenger transport. Second tourist services are the Accommodation, food and beverages, and entertainment. Third tourist services provided by tour agent and operator. Other tourist services: Documentation and Information. 45. The special characteristic of tourism are the ff: The consumer has to travel and go to the product they purchase. It does not exhaust the countrys natural resources. It is people oriented and highly labor intensive industry. Tourism is m