MAPPING AGILE PROJECT MANAGEMENT PRACTICES TO MAPPING AGILE PROJECT MANAGEMENT PRACTICES TO PROJECT

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  • MAPPING AGILE PROJECT MANAGEMENT PRACTICES TO PROJECT

    MANAGEMENT CHALLENGES FOR SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT

    A Dissertation

    Presented to the

    Faculty of Argosy University/Washington DC

    College of Business

    in partial fulfillment of

    The requirements for the degree of

    Doctor of Business Administration

    By

    Saya Poyu Sone

    June, 2008

  • Mapping Agile ii

    MAPPING AGILE PROJECT MANAGEMENT PRACTICES TO PROJECT

    MANAGEMENT CHALLENGES FOR SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT

    ©2008 Saya Poyu Sone

    ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

  • Mapping Agile iii

    MAPPING AGILE PROJECT MANAGEMENT PRACTICES TO PROJECT MANAGEMENT CHALLENGES FOR SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT

    Abstract of Dissertation

    Submitted to the faculty of Argosy University/Washington, DC

    College of Business

    In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Business Administration

    by

    Saya Poyu Sone

    Argosy University

    June, 2008

    Chair: Dr. Sean Robinson

    Committee: Dr. Ahmed S. Sidky

    Dr. David F. Rico

    Dr. Grace Klinefelter

    College of Business

  • Mapping Agile iv

    Abstract

    Agile project management is gaining attention as an effective method that project

    management practitioners can use to solve their project management challenges. The use

    of traditional project management methodologies is criticized, because they may result in

    unrealistic scheduling issues, frequent scope changes, and lack of customer involvement.

    The purpose of this study was to construct and investigate a framework of mapping Agile

    project management practices to project management challenges, and then evaluate the

    effectiveness of these practices for overcoming the challenges. The findings demonstrate

    that specific Agile project management practices may indeed help overcome various

    project management challenges as identified in the framework. These research results

    help to confirm the effectiveness of Agile project management practices for solving

    challenges associated with traditional project management methodologies, as well as the

    framework itself.

  • Mapping Agile vi

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    Page

    List of Figures.................................................................................................................... xi

    List of Appendices ............................................................................................................ xii

    CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION............................................................................. 1

    Purpose of Study................................................................................................................. 2

    Background of Study .......................................................................................................... 3

    A Brief History of Project Management ................................................................... 4

    Agile Project Management Prelude........................................................................... 7

    Statement of Problem.......................................................................................................... 8

    Research Questions........................................................................................................... 11

    Significance of the Study.................................................................................................. 12

    Assumptions and Constraints............................................................................................ 13

    CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW.............................................................. 16

    Project Management Challenges ...................................................................................... 16

    Examining Traditional Project Management Best Practices ............................................ 20

    Agile Project Management Foundation ............................................................................ 22

    Agile Values and Principles .................................................................................... 23

    Declaration of Interdependence Values .................................................................. 25

    Agile Project Management Principles..................................................................... 27

    Unleashing creativity and innovation (individuals)....................................... 27

    Boosting performance (teams)....................................................................... 28

  • Mapping Agile vii

    Increasing return on investment (values)....................................................... 28

    Delivering reliable results (customers).......................................................... 30

    Expect uncertainty (uncertainty).................................................................... 30

    Improve effectiveness and reliability (context) ............................................. 31

    Map Agile Project Management Practices to Declaration of Interdependence Methods . 32

    Individuals ............................................................................................................... 33

    Teams ...................................................................................................................... 35

    Value ....................................................................................................................... 35

    Customers................................................................................................................ 37

    Uncertainty .............................................................................................................. 38

    Context .................................................................................................................... 39

    Need for a Study of Agile Project Management Practices in Dealing with Project

    Management Challenges................................................................................................... 40

    Creation of the Conceptual Framework............................................................................ 41

    Challenge Patterns Mapped to Declaration of Interdependence Areas................... 43

    Mapping of Agile Project Management Practices to Project Management

    Challenges Framework............................................................................................ 44

    Hiring the right people (individuals) ............................................................. 46

    Training and pair programming (individuals) ............................................... 47

    Maintain quality of work life and decentralizing control (individuals)......... 47

    Emphasizing commitment and leadership (teams) ........................................ 48

    Coaching and mentoring (teams)................................................................... 49

  • Mapping Agile viii

    Building a self-organizing team (teams)........................................................ 49

    Prioritizing feature list for return on investment, creating innovative products,

    and eliminating waste (value)........................................................................ 50

    Sharing open information (value).................................................................. 51

    Using the right tools (value) .......................................................................... 51

    Creating simple vision statements (customers) ............................................. 52

    Engaging customer participation (customers) ............................................... 52

    Applying iterative and incremental strategies (uncertainty).......................... 53

    Observing and assessing practices (uncertainty) ........................................... 53

    Taking adaptive actions (uncertainty) ........................................................... 54

    Keeping simple rules (context) ...................................................................... 54

    Building customer-value organizations (context).......................................... 55

    Summary........................................................................................................................... 56

    CHAPTER THREE: METHODOLOGY .................................................................... 57

    Phenomenology ................................................................................................................ 57

    Sampling ........................................................................................................................... 59

    Overview of the Participants............................................................................................. 60

    Data Collection ................................................................................................................. 62

    Data Analysis Process....................................................................................................... 64