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Transcript of Leadership


Meaning of leadership Styles

Meaning Leadership : the relationship in which one person ,or a leader, influences others to work together willingly on related tasks to attain that which leader desires

What is leadership?Leading peopleInfluencing people Commanding people Guiding people

Lewin's Leadership Styles Authoritative/Autocratic Leadership Participative/Democratic Leadership Delegative Leadership

Authoritarian Leadership Authoritarian leaders provide clear expectations to group members on what should be done, when it should be completed and how it should be accomplished. These leaders make decisions without input from group members.

Participative/Democratic Leadership Participative leaders accept input from one or more group members when making decisions and solving problems, but the leader retains the final say when choices are made. Group members tend to be encouraged and motivated by this style of leadership.

Participative/Democratic Leadership This style of leadership often leads to more effective and accurate decisions, since no leader can be an expert in all areas. Input from group members with specialized knowledge and expertise creates a more complete basis for decision-making.

Deligative Leadership Delegative leaders allow group members to make decisions. This style is best used in situations where the leader needs to rely on qualified employees. The leader cannot be an expert in all situations, which is why it is important to delegate certain tasks out to knowledgeable and trustworthy group members.

Quiz - What's Your Leadership Style? Psychologist Kurt Lewin identified three major leadership styles. Learn which best describes your leadership style in this 18 question quiz.

Question: I have the final say over decisions made within my group. Absolutely I let group members make their own decisions Most of the time

I consider suggestions made by others in the group Always Most of the time Never

I tell group members what to do, how to do it, and when I want it done. Rarely Occasionally All of the time

If a group member makes a mistake, they are reprimanded or punished. Rarely. Mistakes are a sign that a new strategy is needed. Absolutely Almost never. Group members can resolve problems on their own.

I carefully watch group members tobe sure they are performing tasks properly. Somewhat. I offer guidance if it is needed. Never. Group members know more about their job than I do. Always

Group members need clear rewards and punishments in order to complete tasks and meet goals. Agree

Disagree. Group members should establish their own goals and objectives.Somewhat agree. They also need to feel involved and committed to the process.

Group members are motivated by a need for security. Somewhat Yes No

I accept input from group members. Absolutely. I allow group members to guide the decision-making process. Never. I don't have time to worry about other people's ideas. Yes, but I have the final say over all decisions.

I ask for advice from group members when things go wrong. No Often. I want input from group members when resolving problems. Yes, and I let group members resolve problems on their own.

When there are problems in the group, I work with members to arrive at a reasonable resolution. Oftentimes. Group members should offer suggestions. Never. I will decide how to fix the problem. Always. Group members should work together to fix the problem.

I want to help group members fulfill their potential. Absolutely Not really Occasionally

Big decisions should have the approval of the majority of the group. Never. Group leaders are in charge of making decisions. Sometimes. Group members should offer input. Always

I let group members decide what needs to be done and how to do it. Never Always Occasionally

I allow group members to carry out their role with little of my input. They know more about their job than I do. Neutral

Disagree Agree

I entrust tasks to other group members. Never Most of the time Often

I entrust tasks to other group members. Never Most of the time Often

I allow other group members to share my leadership power. No Yes Somewhat

Remember, good leaders utilize all three styles depending upon the situation. For example: Use an authoritative style if a group member lacks knowledge about a certain procedure.

Use a participative style with group members who understand the objectives and their role in the task. Use a delegative style if the group member knows more than you do about the task.