Know4 drr savoia_hua_v2

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  1. 1. Enabling Knowledge for Disaster Risk Reduction in integration to Climate Change Adaptation Disaster mitigation & climate change adaptation in times of economic crisis: Summary of results of KNOW4DRR Workshop in Athens, Greece on April 7, 2014 M. Dandoulaki, Th.Karymbalis & S.Skordili Harokopio University of Athens P.No 603807 ENV.2013.6.5-2 Final conference Knowledge management for improving DRR / CAA: state of the art, findings & steps forward 26 -27 May 2015, Chambry, Savoie, France
  2. 2. Harokopio University Thetopic Produc.on,sharing,dissemina.on, maintenanceandusageofknowledgefor DisasterRiskReduc.onandClimate ChangeAdapta.oninthecontextofthe economiccrisisfocusingonGreece FinalWorkshop May26-27,2015 KnowledgemanagementforimprovingDRR/CAA
  3. 3. Harokopio University Researchmethodology LiteraturereviewNewssearch Exploratoryinterviews Focusgroups Crisisanddisasterrisk Knowledgeproduc.on,diusion,maintenanceand usagein.mesofcrisis DRR/CCApoliciesandtheirimplementa.oninthe midstofcrisis TheuseofknowledgeinDRR/CCApoliciesandther implementa.oninthecrisisera` FinalWorkshop May26-27,2015 KnowledgemanagementforimprovingDRR/CAA
  4. 4. Harokopio University Thestakeholders Private Sector Civil society Public Sector Scientists Media FinalWorkshop May26-27,2015 KnowledgemanagementforimprovingDRR/CAA
  5. 5. Focus group: Scientists FinalWorkshop May26-27,2015 KnowledgemanagementforimprovingDRR/CAA
  6. 6. Harokopio University Findingsfromthescien.sts(1/4) Scien.stsareforcedtoleavetheircomfortzoneand ndwaysout.Theyarepushedtoreachsocietyand toclaimtogetherpar.cipa.oninpolicymaking. Knowledgeondisasterriskreduc.onandclimate changeadapta.onwasadvancedbeforethecrisis. Crisishindersfurtheradvance. Threatofredundanciesandofclosureormergingof publicins.tu.onsgeneratesafeelingofinsecurity. FinalWorkshop May26-27,2015 KnowledgemanagementforimprovingDRR/CAA
  7. 7. Harokopio University Findingsfromthescien.sts(2/4) Braindrainisashockingrealitythatdepletesthe countryfromhighlyspecializedpersonneland eradicatespastinvestmentofthestateandof householdsoneduca.on. Universi.esandresearchins.tu.onsnd themselvesatthemarginsofpolicymakingevenif theirreputa.onwashighbeforethecrisis. Uncertaintyrela.ngwiththefuturerisksin combina.onwithuncertaintyregardingthepresent survivalmuddlesriskpercep.onandacceptability. FinalWorkshop May26-27,2015 KnowledgemanagementforimprovingDRR/CAA
  8. 8. Harokopio University Findingsfromthescien.sts(3/4) Policiestarge.ngimmediatevisibleoutcome becomeeasiertosupportbydecisionmakersand poli.cianswhoalsooperateunderuncertainty. Everydayshort-termconsidera.onsprevailtolong- termstrategiesandplanning.DRRandclimate changeadapta.onlosegroundtoemergency management. Newrisksemergeandoldrisksgrowinthecrisisera. Knowledgeaboutthemevenifavailableandshared cannotreallyinuencepoliciesespeciallythose imposedunderthecircumstances. FinalWorkshop May26-27,2015 KnowledgemanagementforimprovingDRR/CAA
  9. 9. Harokopio University Findingsfromthescien.sts(4/4) Safetyandsecurityarecompromisedinthenameof economicgrowthoremployment.Economic interestsprevailindecisionmakingwhile consulta.onandpublicpar.cipa.onloseground. Duringcrisis,decisionsarehastyandaretakenunder stress;thepoli.calagendaleavesoutscience. Althoughknowledge,crea.vityandinven.veness couldbeespeciallybenecialforpolicymaking, evalua.onandimplementa.onduringcrisis,thisis notthecaseespeciallyasregardsDRR/CCA. FinalWorkshop May26-27,2015 KnowledgemanagementforimprovingDRR/CAA
  10. 10. Focus group: The public sector FinalWorkshop May26-27,2015 KnowledgemanagementforimprovingDRR/CAA
  11. 11. Findingsfromthepublicsector(1/4) Harokopio University TheGreekpublicsectorisobligedtoopenandadjust. Administra.vereformslongoverdueareintroduced. Publicen..esarepushedtoiden.fyfunding opportuni.es,developrela.onshipswithEU ins.tu.onsandgetacquaintedwithEUprocedures. Morecau.ouspublicspendingandra.onalusageof resourcesandfunding. Anincreaseofvolunteerisma_tudeatworkand moreinvolvement. FinalWorkshop May26-27,2015 KnowledgemanagementforimprovingDRR/CAA
  12. 12. Harokopio University Findingsfromthepublicsector(2/4) Rushedadministra.vereformsandscalrestrains strainpublicagenciesandtheirdoingsforDRR/CCA. Mergingandabolishingofpublicen..es,sta reduc.onandmobility,forcedre.rementsetc. generatearealconcernaboutdata,informa.onand knowledgeupholding. Percep.onandacceptabilityofrisksalterinthemist ofcrisis.Disasterrisknego.atesitsposi.onwith socioeconomicrisksandnewrisksarise.Disasterrisk mustbeseenwithintheemergingriskmilieuofcrisis. FinalWorkshop May26-27,2015 KnowledgemanagementforimprovingDRR/CAA
  13. 13. Findingsfromthepublicsector(3/4) Harokopio University Thereisavisibleshiafromdisasterreduc.onand preven.vepoliciestoemergencymanagementand theroleofuniformedpersonnelindisaster managementrises. Duetotheacuteshortageofna.onalfundingthere isaseveredependencyonEUfundingwhichdictates policypriori.esregardingCCAandDRR.Although CCAisadvancedthroughEuropeanpolicies,a balanceshouldbelookedforbetweenna.onaland localconcernsandEUpolicyandresearchpriori.es. FinalWorkshop May26-27,2015 KnowledgemanagementforimprovingDRR/CAA
  14. 14. Findingsfromthepublicsector(4/4) Harokopio University Fiscalandeconomiccompelssetasidethequalityof infrastructure.Therearealreadysignsofconict betweenthekeygoaloffacilita:nginvestmenton theonehandandenvironmentalprotec:onandrisk reduc.onontheother. Knowledgeofwhatpresentdecisionsinvokeinterms ofrisksisessen.al;yetknowledgeisnotapanacea andmustbeseenwithinthepresentpower dynamics. FinalWorkshop May26-27,2015 KnowledgemanagementforimprovingDRR/CAA
  15. 15. Focus group: The civil society FinalWorkshop May26-27,2015 KnowledgemanagementforimprovingDRR/CAA
  16. 16. Harokopio University Findingsfromthecivilsociety(1/3) Theforma.onofCivilSocietyinGreecehasbeen basedonprocessesofsocialchangethathavebeen leadingtorestrictedandtop-downforma:onof CSOs,whichinmanycaseshavebeenstate-oriented. Thereisnotevenaproperaccountofwhichen..es cons.tutetheCivilSociety,asregistriesandsurveys arecreatedonspecicandadhocbasis. FinalWorkshop May26-27,2015 KnowledgemanagementforimprovingDRR/CAA
  17. 17. Harokopio University Findingsfromthecivilsociety(2/3) TheEnvironmentandHumanitarianAidarethe primaryeldsofNGOsinGreece,afactthatisnow saidtobechangingduetocrisis. Thereisasignicantaugmenta:onofnontypical organiza:onsofsocialsolidarity,oaenwithalea poli.calorienta.on.Theseorganiza.onshaveinturn, andincontrasttomainstreammedia,contributeto highlightproblemsofpovertyandsocialexclusion. Theenvironmentandespeciallydisasterrisk reduc.on,haslostmuchofitspredominanceinthe publicsphere. FinalWorkshop May26-27,2015 KnowledgemanagementforimprovingDRR/CAA
  18. 18. Harokopio University Findingsfromthecivilsociety(3/3) Scien.c-basedac.onsandaninternaldivisionof labourareafeatureoflargerandmoremul.-task NGOs,whilethesmalleronesarebasedonempirical, non-tacitknowledge. Thecurrentcrisis,withbothitsposi:veandnega:ve eects,isreproducingexis.ngstrengthsand weaknessesinthesocialsystem.Bybeingapartof thatsystem,civilsocietyen..esfaceanumberof dieren.atedthreatsand,paralleltothat,arealso beingchallengedbysomewindowsofopportuni:es, whichtheyarecurrentlyexploring. FinalWorkshop May26-27,2015 KnowledgemanagementforimprovingDRR/CAA
  19. 19. Harokopio University Theprivatesector Thecrisishaschangeddras.callyriskpercep.onof theprivatesectoren..es.Financialrisksareinthe forefrontwhilenaturaldisasterriskhasretreated. Firmsoperateatalossandstruggleforsurvival.They dras.callyreducecosts.Maintenanceandrepairof buildingsandequipment,training,drills,areamong therstcoststobeabolished. Penetra.onofinsuranceinGreekrmshasalways beenrela.velylowandisexpectedtobeevenlower. Thissitua.ongoeshandinhandwithavery protec.vestateincaseofadisaster. FinalWorkshop May26-27,2015 KnowledgemanagementforimprovingDRR/CAA
  20. 20. Harokopio University Theprivatesector Theratherpessimis.csitua.onofDRRcapaci.esand involvementofrmsinGreecedoesnotreectthe rela.velylowtollGreekrmspayindisasters,because: Privatermsareopentoseveralgroupsofrisks, newandoldones. BusinessesinGreeceareaccustomedtooperateinan unstableandhighlyunpredictablebusiness environment. Around99%oftheGreekrmsareSMEs(thevast majorityevenmicroSMSs).TheseSMEsoperateina highriskenvironmentbydeni.on. FinalWorkshop May26-27,2015 KnowledgemanagementforimprovingDRR/CAA
  21. 21. Summingup:mainchallenges Harokopio University Percep.onandacceptabilityofrisksalterinthemist ofcrisis.Disasterrisknego.atesitsposi.onwith socioeconomicrisksandnewriskswhicharise. Challenge: Disasterriskmustbeseenwithinthe contextofcrisisandthenewriskmilieuit generates. FinalWorkshop May26-27,2015 KnowledgemanagementforimprovingDRR/CAA
  22. 22. Summingup:mainchallenges Harokopio University Thereisavisibleshiafromdisasterreduc.onand preven.vepoliciestoemergencymanagement. Challenge: Convergencebetweentheseparatedelds andsegregatedprac:ceandscholar communi:esof: civilprotec:on,civildefense,security climatechange,disasterriskreduc:onand theenvironment FinalWorkshop May26-27,2015 KnowledgemanagementforimprovingDRR/CAA
  23. 23. Summingup:mainchallenges Harokopio University DependencyonEUfundingduetotheacute shortageofna.onalfunding,dictatespolicy priori.esregardingCCAandDRR. Challenge: Balancebetweenconcernsatalocaland na:onallevelandEUpriori:esasregards DRRandCCA. FinalWorkshop May26-27,2015 KnowledgemanagementforimprovingDRR/CAA
  24. 24. Summingup:mainchallenges Harokopio University Fiscalandeconomiccompelssetasidethequality ofinfrastructureandenvironmentalconcerns. Challenge: Avoidtransferringdisasterrisktosocial groups,placesandthenextgenera:ons whilestrugglingwiththecrisis. FinalWorkshop May26-27,2015 KnowledgemanagementforimprovingDRR/CAA
  25. 25. Harokopio University Thankyou!