Kenzo Tange

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Transcript of Kenzo Tange

Kenzo Tange

Presenters:

Angel Gupta 70005Azad Thapa 70007Bipana Lamichhane 70013Krisha Shrestha 70018Laxmi Thapa Magar 70015Mandeep Shrestha 70019Manisha Kumari Sah 70020Nishu Shrestha 70024Prabal Dahal 70027

DESIGN THEORY IIYear II Semester II

CONTENT:

IntroductionLife of Kenzo TangeKenzo Tange Design PhilosophiesMetabolismYoYoGI National GymnasiumThe Lumbini ProjectOther ExamplesSummary and conclusion

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In architecture, demand was no longer for box-like forms, but for buildings that have to say something for human emotions. 19132005

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In architecture, demand was no longer for box-like forms, but for buildings that have to say something for human emotions. 19132005

SYNOPSISBorn September 4, 1913 in Osaka, JapanHis best-known early work is the Hiroshima Peace Center.

Later works include the Shizuoka Press and Broadcasting Center, the dramatic National Gymnasium for the 1964 Olympic Games, and the theme pavilion for the 1970 Osaka Exposition.

New Tokyo City Hall Complex : made him world renowned

PROFILE Born in Osaka, JapanHe was raised in Imbari and studied architecture at the Tokyo Imperial University (19358, 19425), where he became professor (194974, then emeritus).

His Plan for Tokyo received world-wide attention for its new concepts of extending the growth of the city out over the bay, using bridges, man-made islands, floating parking, and mega structures.

PROFILEHis highly influential published works includeA Plan for Tokyo(1960) andToward a Structural Reorganization(1960).He was awarded the Pritzker Architecture Prize in 1987.

GOOGLE DOODLE

DESIGN PHILOSOPHIESTange's early designs attempted to combine modernism with traditional Japanese forms of architecture "Architecture must have something that appeals to the human heart, but even then, basic forms, spaces and appearances must be logical. Creative work is expressed in our time as a union of technology and humanity". I do not wish to repeat what I have done. I find that every project is a springboard to the next, always advancing forward from the past to the ever-changing future. That is my next challenge.

DESIGN PHILOSPHIESTange did not imagine himself as a leading form giver. He sees himself in state of transitionThe role of tradition is that of a catalyst which furthers a chemical reaction, but is no longer detectable in the end resultHe also contributed in Metabolist movementMany Metabolists had studied under Kenzo Tange at Tokyo University's Tange Laboratory.

METABOLISMThe word metabolism describes the process of maintaining living cells.Metabolism, the Japanese architectural avant-garde movement of the 1960s, profoundly influenced contemporary architecture and urbanism.A representative movement in modern Japanese architecture history. The movement contends that buildings and cities should be designed in the same organic way that life grows and changes by repeating metabolism.

METABOLISMAt the World Design Conference of 1960, the Metabolism groupformed by architecture critic Kawazoe Noboru, architects Otaka Masato, and others who had come under the influence of the architect Kenzo Tange presented a manifesto entitled Metabolism 1960: Proposals for a New Urbanism

METABOLISMMORI ART MUSEUM, TOKYO, JAPAN:

HIROSHIMA PEACE CENTER,HIROSHIMA, JAPAN

SOME PROJECTS BY KENZO TANGE

Conceptualization in 1972.Finalized and approved in 1979.5X5 miles of Lumbini area with the central square mile being the sacred garden.Objectives- Respect for universal value of Lumbini

The Lumbini Project, Nepal

Conservation of heritages, presentation of the metaphysical foundation templates for urban design.

Detail based on Buddhist symbolism of geometric shapes and the path to enlightment.

The three zones of Master plan are connected by a canal in the central link.

1969 1971 1972 1978 1969: First sketch1971: Preliminary design1972: Final outline design 1978: Final design of the Lumbini Master Project approved

Yoyogi National Gymnasium

Architect: Kenzo TangeLocation: Yoyogi Park, Tokyo, JapanConstruction date: Between 1961 to 1964 Purpose: to house swimming and dining events in 1964 Summer Olympicswill also host handball competitions at the 2020 Summer OlympicsFamous for Suspension roof design

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Inspired Frei Otto for 1972 Summer Olympics arena design in MunichCapacity: 13, 291 people9079 stand seats4124 arena seats88 royal box seatsNow primarily used for ice hockey, futsal and basketballImages of the arena are regularly featured at the end of NHK Newsline broadcasts because the NHK World studios are adjacent to the arena along the edge of Yoyogi Park.

Yoyogi National Gymnasium

Design Concepts The plan of the stadium is in the form of two semi-circles, slightly displaced in relation to one another, with their unconnecting ends elongated into points; and looks almost like a snail. From the outside, each perspective offers a new appearance. It was the worlds most daring structures that radiated both boldness and serenity which gave the sensation of spatial manifestation. It has large-span suspension steel roof structure; inspired by Eero Saarinens Ingalls Rink, Yale Universitys hockey venue(1958) which was built using a very similar structure.

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Design CreativityCreative work is expressed via union of innovative western technology and traditional Japanese Pagoda.This architectural masterpiece is beautifully integrated into the landscape. And after its completion, its design was conceived being Organic, Functional and Dynamic.Kenzo Tange won Pritzker Prize for his design of this historic revolutional design which saw Japan rise.

UOB PLAZA (1986)One of the three tallest skyscrapers in the city of Singapore called UOB Plaza or Republic plaza.

AKASAKA PRINCE HOTEL(1982)Was a upscale hotel in Tokyo, Japan.It became notable for being deconstructed in a top, appearing to shrink in height.

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MODE GAKUEN COCOON TOWER(2008)It is a 204 M, 50 story educational facility building in Tokyo, Japan.It is second tallest educational building in the world.It is 17th tallest building in the Tokyo.

Some termed his architecture as Brutal.Brutalist architecture has been criticised for being soulless and for promoting the exclusive use of a material that is poor at withstanding long exposures to natural weather.

Influenced by:

Le CorbuiserGreek and Roman ArchitectureGothic Architecture

"Fused the architectural traditions of his native Japan with the contemporary philosophy and traditions of the western world.Projects across the globe.

Guest professor at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, as well as a lecturer at Harvard, Yale, Princeton, Washington University, Illinois Institute of Technology, the University of California at Berkeley, and the Universities of Alabama and Toronto.

"Creative work is expressed in our time as a union of technology and humanity. "

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