Joseph Paxton

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  1. 1. ENGLISH RENAISSANCE : Architect : Joseph Paxton Adel Mohamed Sultan, Ayman El Ahmady, Mohamed salah, Mahmoud Nofal, Hossam Salah El Din, Mahmoud Mohamed Salah, Introduction : born in Bedfordshire on 3 August 1803 into a farming family. He had a number of gardening jobs until in 1823 he began working at Chiswick Gardens which was leased by the Horticultural Society from the Duke of Devonshire. Impressed with his abilities, in 1826, the duke appointed Paxton head gardener at Chatsworth House, the Devonshire family's large country house in Derbyshire. HistoryofArchitecture4
  2. 2. Adel Mohamed Sultan, Ayman El Ahmady, Mohamed salah, Mahmoud Nofal, Hossam Salah El Din, Mahmoud Mohamed Salah, HistoryofArchitecture4 Example Name : The Conservatory at Hampton Court, Herefordshire Location : Hampton Court near London Timeline : 1848 Description : Richards family called in Joseph Paxton to design an ornate conservatory behind the house (now used as a cafe). Paxton using many of the same principles employed at Hampton Court. Architect : Joseph Paxton
  3. 3. Adel Mohamed Sultan, Ayman El Ahmady, Mohamed salah, Mahmoud Nofal, Hossam Salah El Din, Mahmoud Mohamed Salah, Example Name : The Conservatory at Hampton Court, Herefordshire Location : Hampton Court near London Timeline : 1848 Description : Described as being "not a common one" and "suitable for large plants with a fully-sloping glazed roof and flues which opened", early photographs show a large glazed structure of five separate ridge slopes. The roof was demolished earlier this century, being replaced by a plastics corrugated affair, but the main structure remains today Architect : Joseph Paxton HistoryofArchitecture4
  4. 4. Adel Mohamed Sultan, Ayman El Ahmady, Mohamed salah, Mahmoud Nofal, Hossam Salah El Din, Mahmoud Mohamed Salah, HistoryofArchitecture4 Example Name : The Crystal Palace Location : Hyde park - London Timeline : 1851 - 1856 Description : Was created originally in Hyde Park in London, cast-iron and glass panels to house the Great Exhibition in 1851 where gathered more than 14 thousand visitors from around the world in the palace / exhibition space of 92 thousand square meters. Architect : Joseph Paxton
  5. 5. Adel Mohamed Sultan, Ayman El Ahmady, Mohamed salah, Mahmoud Nofal, Hossam Salah El Din, Mahmoud Mohamed Salah, HistoryofArchitecture4 Example Name : The Crystal Palace Location : Hyde park - London Timeline : 1851 - 1856 Description : Architectural competition was held in 1851 specifically for the construction of the exhibition offers the 245 proposal rejected by Commission rule all including Altsamemian Almokhtaran potential winner and hunters who were also of glass and steel because of the extra cost. Later Sir Joseph Paxton interested in the project and with the support of a member of the Committee presented a design drawn after him in their meetings on a piece of paper Vase initial Sketch remains today in the Victoria and Albert Museum. Architect : Joseph Paxton
  6. 6. Adel Mohamed Sultan, Ayman El Ahmady, Mohamed salah, Mahmoud Nofal, Hossam Salah El Din, Mahmoud Mohamed Salah, HistoryofArchitecture4 Example Name : The Crystal Palace Location : Hyde park - London Timeline : 1851 - 1856 Description : Architectural competition was held in 1851 specifically for the construction of the exhibition offers the 245 proposal rejected by Commission rule all including Altsamemian Almokhtaran potential winner and hunters who were also of glass and steel because of the extra cost. Later Sir Joseph Paxton interested in the project and with the support of a member of the Committee presented a design drawn after him in their meetings on a piece of paper Vase initial Sketch remains today in the Victoria and Albert Museum. Architect : Joseph Paxton
  7. 7. Adel Mohamed Sultan, Ayman El Ahmady, Mohamed salah, Mahmoud Nofal, Hossam Salah El Din, Mahmoud Mohamed Salah, HistoryofArchitecture4 Example Name : The Crystal Palace Location : Hyde park - London Timeline : 1851 - 1856 Description : Thanks to new Hooray for the production of shaped glass panels in 1848 that allowed the formation of most of the architecture glass building in the world then, with the light shining place in full next day from the roof and walls of glass and surprising visitors. Architect : Joseph Paxton
  8. 8. Adel Mohamed Sultan, Ayman El Ahmady, Mohamed salah, Mahmoud Nofal, Hossam Salah El Din, Mahmoud Mohamed Salah, HistoryofArchitecture4 Example Name : The Crystal Palace Location : Hyde park - London Timeline : 1851 - 1856 Description : Architect : Joseph Paxton
  9. 9. Adel Mohamed Sultan, Ayman El Ahmady, Mohamed salah, Mahmoud Nofal, Hossam Salah El Din, Mahmoud Mohamed Salah, HistoryofArchitecture4 Example Name : The Crystal Palace Location : Hyde park - London Timeline : 1851 - 1856 Description : After completion has been put trees on the inside and a crystal fountain, up 8 meters then it became a sensation birds Mhklhalvars of the great Queen to be done. Architect : Joseph Paxton
  10. 10. Adel Mohamed Sultan, Ayman El Ahmady, Mohamed salah, Mahmoud Nofal, Hossam Salah El Din, Mahmoud Mohamed Salah, HistoryofArchitecture4 Example Name : The Crystal Palace Location : Hyde park - London Timeline : 1851 - 1856 Description : After the Great Exhibition was transferred the building to another location in the southern suburbs of London near the large villas to stay there from 1854 and even ate fire in 1936. As has been building a copy to him in Sydney, Australia in 1879 and was named Palace Garden, but this building also met the same fate and devoured fire also. Future proposals and continues to offer to replace the crystal palace place yet. Architect : Joseph Paxton
  11. 11. Adel Mohamed Sultan, Ayman El Ahmady, Mohamed salah, Mahmoud Nofal, Hossam Salah El Din, Mahmoud Mohamed Salah, HistoryofArchitecture4 Example Name : The Crystal Palace Location : Hyde park - London Timeline : 1851 - 1856 Description : Architect : Joseph Paxton
  12. 12. Adel Mohamed Sultan, Ayman El Ahmady, Mohamed salah, Mahmoud Nofal, Hossam Salah El Din, Mahmoud Mohamed Salah, HistoryofArchitecture4 Example Name : The Crystal Palace Location : Hyde park - London Timeline : 1851 - 1856 Description : Architect : Joseph Paxton
  13. 13. Adel Mohamed Sultan, Ayman El Ahmady, Mohamed salah, Mahmoud Nofal, Hossam Salah El Din, Mahmoud Mohamed Salah, Example Name : Mentmore Towers Location : Mentmore, Leighton Buzzard, Buckinghamshire Timeline : 1852 - 1854 Description : Is a 19th-centuryEnglish country housein the village ofMentmorein Buckinghamshire. The house was designed byJoseph Paxtonand his son- in-law, George Henry Stokes,[ in the 19th-centuryrevivalof late 16th and early 17th-century Elizabethan and Jacobean styles calledJacobethanfor the banker and collector of fine artBaron Mayer de Rothschildas a country home, display case for his collection of fine art. The mansion has been described as one of the greatest houses of the Victorian eraIn keeping with the contents intended to be displayed within, the interiors take their inspiration principally from the Italian Renaissance, and Palladian architecture although the house also contains drawing rooms and cabinets decorated in the gilded styles of late 18th-century France. Historically it was first known simply as 'Mentmore'. The design is closely based on that ofRobert Smythson'sWollaton Hall.[ Mentmore Towers is aGrade Ilisted building, with its park and gardens listed Grade I Architect : Joseph Paxton HistoryofArchitecture4
  14. 14. Adel Mohamed Sultan, Ayman El Ahmady, Mohamed salah, Mahmoud Nofal, Hossam Salah El Din, Mahmoud Mohamed Salah, HistoryofArchitecture4 Example Name : Mentmore Towers Location : Mentmore, Leighton Buzzard, Buckinghamshire Timeline : 1852 - 1854 Description : The house was built between 1852 and 1854 for Baron Mayer de Rothschild, who required a house close to London. Paxton, who had previously designed theCrystal Palace, was responsible for the ridge and furrow glass roof which covered the central hall, designed to imitate the arcaded courtyard of a Renaissance palazzo, while Stokes was co-architect andclerk of works. The builder was the London firmGeorge Myers, frequently employed by members of the Rothschild family Architect : Joseph Paxton
  15. 15. Adel Mohamed Sultan, Ayman El Ahmady, Mohamed salah, Mahmoud Nofal, Hossam Salah El Din, Mahmoud Mohamed Salah, HistoryofArchitecture4 Example Name : Mentmore Towers Location : Mentmore, Leighton Buzzard, Buckinghamshire Timeline : 1852 - 1854 Description : Architect : Joseph Paxton Main elevation of the building Back side elevation of the building
  16. 16. Adel Mohamed Sultan, Ayman El Ahmady, Mohamed salah, Mahmoud Nofal, Hossam Salah El Din, Mahmoud Mohamed Salah, Example Name : Chteau de Ferrires Location : Seine-et--Marne , France Timeline : 1855 1859 Description : is aFrenchchteaubuilt between 1855 and 1859 byBaron James de Rothschildin theGot Rothschild. It is Considered by far the largest and most luxurious 19th-century chteau in France. The inspiration for the design of Ferrires wasMentmore TowersinBuckinghamshire, England, the house Paxton built for Baron James's cousin Architect : Joseph Paxton HistoryofArchitecture4
  17. 17. Adel Mohamed Sultan, Ayman El Ahmady, Mohamed salah, Mahmoud Nofal, Hossam Salah El Din, Mahmoud Mohamed Salah, HistoryofArchitecture4 Example Name : Location : Timeline : Description : Architect : Joseph Paxton Chteau de Ferrires Seine-et--Marne , France 1855 1859
  18. 18. Adel Mohamed Sultan, Ayman El Ahmady, Mohamed salah, Mahmoud Nofal, Hossam Salah El Din, Mahmoud Mohamed Salah, HistoryofArchitecture4 Example Name : Location : Timeline : Description : It was built in theNeo-Renaissancestyle inspired byarchitecture of the Italian Renaissance It has square towers at each corner, the house sits