Israelipalestinaconflictprogressivezperspective jan12-120312161141-phpapp02

download Israelipalestinaconflictprogressivezperspective jan12-120312161141-phpapp02

of 130

Embed Size (px)

description

 

Transcript of Israelipalestinaconflictprogressivezperspective jan12-120312161141-phpapp02

  • A History of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict from a Progressive Zionist Perspective By Rabbi Maurice Harris
  • The Guiding Values of Progressive Zionism National liberation of the Jewish people / self-determination Freedom from anti-Semitism / existential security for Jews Manifesting the best of Jewish values, beliefs, and culture as a nation what Rabbi Kaplan called ethical nationhood Justice / Tzedek Peace / Shalom Democracy Human rights Respect for the equality of all the religions and peoples of the Middle East Balancing Jewish rights with the rights of the Palestinians & other non-Jewish stakeholders (Druze, Bedouin, Bahai, Christians, Samaritans, etc.)
  • The Guiding Values of Progressive Zionism Hillels ethic:
  • The Guiding Values of Progressive Zionism Opposed to Cosmic War ideologies Jihadism Religious Messianic Zionism Christian Zionism (see Reza Aslans How to Win a Cosmic War)
  • Sub-topics: Your Interests 1. The Occupation and its impacts 2. Anti-Semitism in the Arab world, Anti-Arab/Islamic bigotry in Jewish & Christian worlds, & the dangers of Cosmic War 3. The Shoah and its impacts 4. Denial of the Others basic identity or claim by both sides 5. Propaganda from both sides, & recognizing it 6. Understanding Israeli feelings of vulnerability and risk 7. Understanding Palestinian feelings of vulnerability and risk 8. The One-state-solution Right Wing Jewish/Christian version 9. The One-state-solution Palestinian justice version
  • JEWISH BEGINNINGS IN THE LAND
  • 1200 years of Israelite / Jewish civilization Birthplace of the Hebrew Bible and much of the Christian scriptures Birthplace of rabbinic Judaism and of Christianity A civilization of reference for Islam Strategic hinge: meeting place of 3 continents Israelite independence always precarious
  • Bunting Map 1581, Magdeburg Jerusalem is the center
  • THE ROMAN EXILE & THE RELATIONSHIP OF THE JEWISH PEOPLE TO THE LAND DURING EXILE
  • ARAB AND ISLAMIC HISTORY IN THE LAND
  • Islamic empire 750 CE
  • CHRISTIAN AND WESTERN HISTORY IN THE LAND
  • First Crusade
  • THE ZIONIST MOVEMENT & THE RUN-UP TO THE BIRTH OF THE STATE OF ISRAEL
  • Some Context Pogroms Blood Libels Dhimmi status for Jews in Muslim lands Dreyfus Affair New Racial Anti-Semitism Enlightenment ideals: democracy, selfdetermination, nationalism Disregard for desires of Arabs living in Ottoman controlled Palestine
  • THE BRITISH MANDATE PERIOD A JEWISH VIEW
  • The Balfour Declaration "His Majesty's Government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavours to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country. - 1917
  • San Remo & the League of Nations Awarding to Great Britain of a Mandate for Palestine Whereas the Principal Allied Powers have agreed, for the purpose of giving effect to the provisions of Article 22 of the Covenant of the League of Nations, to entrust to a Mandatory selected by the said Powers the administration of the territory of Palestine, which formerly belonged to the Turkish Empire, within such boundaries as may be fixed by them; and Whereas the Principal Allied Powers have also agreed that the Mandatory should be responsible for putting into effect the declaration originally made on November 2nd, 1917, by the Government of His Britannic Majesty, and adopted by the said Powers, in favour of the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, it being clearly understood that nothing should be done which might prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country; and . . . (continued)
  • Whereas recognition has thereby been given to the historical connexion of the Jewish people with Palestine and to the grounds for reconstituting their national home in that country;
  • British backtracking Jewish immigration restricted During W.W. II 1939 White Paper
  • Illegal Immigration (aliyah bet)
  • THE BRITISH MANDATE PERIOD AN ARAB VIEW
  • European Broken Promises Stirrings of Arab Nationalism and Desire for Independence
  • Colonialism w/o consulting the native peoples
  • Perception of Zionists as Aiming to Dispossess We must expropriate gently the private property [and] spirit the penniless population across the border. -Theodore Herzls diary, 1895 The Arabs will have to go. -Ben Gurion in letter to his son, 1937
  • Popular Arab protest of British immigration policy re Jews & British agreement to a Jewish homeland
  • THE WAR OF INDEPENDENCE AN ISRAELI PERSPECTIVE
  • Surrounded by enemy armies with the ability to retreat into their home countries to refuel, rest, rearm, replenish.
  • Jews expelled in conquered areas, in a few cases massacred Jews expelled from Old City Jerusalem Synagogues Destroyed Gush Etzion Massacre May 13, 1948 (image is actually a burial of IDF troops who had been part of a convoy to G.E.)
  • 1949 Armistice Lines
  • THE NAKBA A PALESTINIAN PERSPECTIVE
  • Lydda Massive forced march Many deaths on the road
  • Deir Yassin & Al Dawayima Massacres carried out by Jewish forces. Rumors spread and Ignited further Palestinian exodus.
  • From a pro-Palestinian web site: The massacre in Deir Yassin was part of an official Zionist strategy to frighten Palestinians out of their land and into neighboring countries. Yosef Weitz, member of the Jewish Agencys Transfer Committee declared that between ourselves it must be clear that there is no room for both people together in this country we shall not achieve our goal with the Arabs in this small country. The only solution is a Palestine without the Arabs and there is no other way than to transfer Arabs from here to the neighboring countries, to transfer all of them, not one village not one tribe should be left.
  • So Whats the Truth about 1948?
  • Standard pro-Palestinian Take (Pappe, Said & others) Deliberate and massive ethnic cleansing by Israel (Plan Dalet) Western colonial powers never consulted the actual inhabitants of Palestine and didnt respect their clear wishes re Jewish immigration & creation of Jewish state. Zionist militias used terrorism often and did some shocking and shameful things to civilians. UN law conditions Israels existence on the pre-existing Arab residents rights not being violated, including their absolute right of return. Israel morally and legally illegitimate
  • Standard pro-Palestinian take Israel was born in Original Sin. This sin is so great that justice demands transformation of Israel into a secular, binational state, combined with full right of return for all Palestinian refugees. Loss of Jewish collective sovereignty as a result is a reasonable outcome and not the problem of Palestinian Arabs who did not perpetrate the Holocaust and should not have been forced to give up their lands and homes to make room for a Jewish state. The occupation of Palestinian territories that begin following the 1967 war is a moral outrage of its own, but it is not the primary problem. 1948 is the primary problem.
  • Standard pro-Israel take International community had determined that Jews had a leg