Introduction Mandarin

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    Introduction toMandarin Phonetics

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    http://learning.chinese.cn/pinyin_en/index.html

    http://file.chinese.cn/flash_jt/pinyinchart_win/mypinyin.swf

    http://learning.chinese.cn/wordbookr335/

    http://learning.chinese.cn/pinyin_en/index.htmlhttp://file.chinese.cn/flash_jt/pinyinchart_win/mypinyin.swfhttp://file.chinese.cn/flash_jt/pinyinchart_win/mypinyin.swfhttp://learning.chinese.cn/wordbookr335/http://learning.chinese.cn/wordbookr335/http://learning.chinese.cn/wordbookr335/http://file.chinese.cn/flash_jt/pinyinchart_win/mypinyin.swfhttp://file.chinese.cn/flash_jt/pinyinchart_win/mypinyin.swfhttp://file.chinese.cn/flash_jt/pinyinchart_win/mypinyin.swfhttp://learning.chinese.cn/pinyin_en/index.htmlhttp://learning.chinese.cn/pinyin_en/index.html
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    Initial + Final +Tone Syllable

    (Pinyin)

    m

    tone

    finalinitial

    Not all the syllables have an initial, but every syllable must have a final and a tone.

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    Tones

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    The neutral tone

    They are pronounced both shortly and lightly.There is no tone mark for this kind of syllables.

    For example:

    nmenyou (pl.)

    nhoma?How are you?

    b bafather mmamother

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    21 Initials

    b p m f

    d t n l

    g k h

    j q x

    z c s

    zh ch sh r

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    6 single finals

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    ma m, m, m, m

    la 1, 3, 2, 4

    fa 3, 1, 2, 4

    ti 1,2,4mo 2,4,3

    pai 3,2,4

    lao 1,2,3

    nan 2,4

    bang 1,3,4

    Read out loud

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    long ,2,4,3

    fo 2

    gei 2

    deng 1,2,4

    ji 2,4,3

    qi 3,2,4

    zhi 1,2,3,4

    chi 2,1,3,4

    Shi 1,2,3,4

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    qian 2,1,4,3

    jiang 1,3

    jiu 1

    qin 2

    qing 2,3,4

    qiong 2

    xi 1,2,3

    jia 2,1,3,4

    qie 1,2,3,4

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    wa 1

    gua 2,4

    bo 2

    juan 3,4

    quan 1,2,4,3

    guang 3,4

    lun 2, 4

    jue 2,1, 4

    shui 2,3,4

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    zoshangmorning

    chfn eat

    sge rn four persons

    rng y rngexcuse me(onthe road)

    zh nl where (do you)live?

    zul walk, on foot

    gin give (to you)

    hnli very tied

    xushng student

    yzhb one pen

    ych tooth

    shubiowatch

    yuyng to swim

    Niruminbeef noodlesoup

    bich donteat

    lingg two

    ynyu music

    mngtin tomorrow

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    migurose

    dusho how muchhow many

    lowiforigner

    WhushuHny. I canspeak Chinese.

    Shngwngsurf on internet

    sunl sour and spicy

    qchung get up

    chntin spring

    tngsh colleague

    wji my home/my house

    xhun to like

    xizi shoes

    qitinautumnfall

    liyu June

    Lxngto travel

    nhi girl

    yndngsport

    qnzi skirt

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    Topic 1:

    Meet someone for the first time

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    Saying a bit about yourself1

    Greetings

    whats your name, where are youfrom

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    Warm up words:

    n Pr you

    ho adj. good; well; fine; O.K.

    ma Pt a modal particle used for questions

    hn adj. very

    y adv. also; too

    hojibjin long time no see

    (1)Greetings

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    1.nho.Hello!

    2.Nhom?

    How are you?3.Hojibjin.

    Long time no see.

    4.

    Whnho.I am fine.5.Wyhnho.

    I am fine,too.

    Key sentences

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    (2)Whats your name?

    Warm up words:

    n Pr youjio v to call, to be known as

    shn me Q Pr what

    mng zi N name

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    nn Pr polite form, you

    gu adj. honourable

    xng v. ones surname is---

    w Pr I, me

    ne Pt a modal particle used forelliptical questions

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    Key sentences

    1. njio shn me mng zi?

    ?

    Whats your name?2. wjio ------.

    .

    My name is -----.

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    Key sentences

    3. nn gu xng?

    Whats your honorable surname?4. wxng------. ..

    Mysurname is ------.

    5. nne?

    And you?

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    Cultural tips

    Chinese people put their surnames (family

    names) before their given names. When giving

    their names to others, Chinese people generally

    give their full names: surnames, and then given

    names.

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    Dialogue 1:A famous Chinese Kungfu star

    A:nho, njio shn me mng zi?

    B: wjio Chng Lng. A: nn gu xng?

    B:wxng Chng.

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    Dialogue 2: When William met Kate

    A:nho, njio shn me mng zi?

    B:wjio kit.

    nne?

    A:wjio wilin.

    nn gu xng?

    B:wxng Middleton. Midlleton.

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    Role-play

    1. Greet to your classmates and ask for their

    names and surnames.

    2. Work in pairs and do Q&A based on the

    following pictures.

    t Pr he; him / she; her

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    (3)Where are you from?

    Warm up words:

    n Pr you

    sh V to be(am, is, are)

    n Q Pr which

    gu N Country

    rn N Peoplenl Q Pr where

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    Warm up words:

    ynggu UKynggu rn British people

    zhnggu Chinazhnggu rn Chinese peopleln dn London

    ln dnrn London peoplenu dnghn Nottinghamnng b Ningbo

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    Warm up words:

    ma Pt a particle used at the end of

    a question sentence expecting a yes-no answer

    b Negative Adv not; no

    du adv. both; all

    men Suf used after personal pronouns orcertain nouns to denote plural

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    Key sentences

    1. Q:n sh ngu rn?Whats your nationality?

    A:w sh ynggu rn.

    Im British.

    2. Q:n sh nlrn?

    Where is your hometown?A: wsh ln dnrn.Im from London.

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    Key sentences

    3. Q: nsh ynggu rn ma?Are you British?

    A: sh. / b sh./

    Yes. / No.

    4. Q:n sh b sh ynggu rn?

    Are you British?A: sh. / b sh./

    Yes. / No.

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    Role-play

    Q: nsh ngu rn?

    A: wsh ynggu rn. UK

    zhnggu China

    h ln Holand

    d gu Germanymli xy Malaysia

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    migu o d l y d gu

    jin d fgu ru sh

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    Role-play

    Q: nsh nlrn?A: wsh ln dnrn. London

    nu dnghn Nottinghamniyu New York

    m rbn Melbourne

    nng b Ningboshng hi Shanghai

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    Class Activity

    Ask your classmates about their nationality and

    hometown. You need to ask at least 3 different

    people.

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    Homework Make friends

    Interview at least 3 Chinese people, you should:

    1) Greetings

    2) Introduce yourself and ask their

    names/surnames

    3) ask their nationalities.

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    The introduction of Chinese characters

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    hnzThe two characters above mean Chinese Characters. Chinese Characters arethe founding block/unit of Chinese language, because one or more Chinese

    characters form words, phrases, and sentences, etc.

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    The introduction of Chinese characters(1)

    1. Six categories of Chinese

    charactersliushu2. Basic structure&strokes of

    Chinese characters

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    Six categories of Chinese charactersliushu

    1.Pictographsxinxn

    2.Simple ideographszhsh

    3.Compound ideographshuyThe minor majority of characters belong to above 3 categories.

    The vast majority of characters belong to below 3 categories.

    4.Loan characters

    jiji

    5.Phonetic compoundxnshn

    6.Derivative characters(zhunzh)

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    1.Pictographs

    rl shn

    mshum

    tinrn hu

    yu ku

    2

    1

    3

    4

    5

    6

    7

    8

    9

    10

    11

    312

    6 9 11

    810

    5

    4 7

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    2.Simple ideographs

    shng up

    Characters consi