Implementation of an Effective Safety Program Provide contractors with Accident Prevention Methods...

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Implementation of an Effective Safety Program

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  • Implementation of an Effective Safety Program

  • Provide contractors with Accident Prevention MethodsKeep contractors informed on changes to legislation that effects themProvide information, resources and training to help contractors meet their legislated responsibilitiesProvide a comprehensive safety programAHJ for COR Certification

    Objectives & Mandate

  • Workshop hoursEmergency Procedures (Muster Point)Lunch and break timesRestroom locationsSmokingCell phones, pagers etc.

    Housekeeping

  • Management MaterialsPSM Tutorial Binder Internal Use Only

    PSM Company Manual CD

    National Audit Instrument

  • CSAM Information FolderCOR/SECOR Information SheetsToolbox Talk FormLockout /Tagout Tags Audit ManualProgram Information Pamphlet

  • ObjectivesBasic safety philosophy

    Overview of safety management

    Elements of a safety program

    Creation of your company safety manual

    Implementation guideline

  • Basic Safety PhilosophyAll injuries can be prevented

    Management is responsible for preventing injuries

    All operating exposures can be prevented

    Training employees to work safely is essential

  • Basic Safety Philosophy Prevention of personal injuries is good businessSafety is a .

  • SAFETYIs a state of mind by which a

    person is constantly aware of the possibility of an incident or

    accident occurring at any time

  • Safety Management

  • Safety Management A systematic, organized process to reducing the human and financial costs of workplace incidents

    Moral obligationFinancial benefitsLegal requirements

  • Moral ObligationQuality of life

    Protection of those you employ from illness or injury

    Good conscience

  • Financial Benefits #1

  • Indirect &Hidden Costs

    Loss of EfficiencyCrew Break-up

    Lost Time bySupervisor

    Cost of BreakingIn New Person

    Lost Time byFellow Workers

    Economic Loss toInjured Family

    Loss of EarningPower

    Time Loss of Injured Worker

    Loss of Production

    Spoilage -Fire, water,explosion

    Failure to fill orders

    Overhead CostsDuring disruption

    Damage to ToolsOr Equipment

    Time DamagedTool out of Service

    Spoiled Work

    Direct Costs

    Indirect Costs

    So if you really want to know how much an accident did cost, you must look into all areas to get a true picture. These indirect costs often go unnoticed or unaccounted for.

    Examples being Refer and read from screen (add examples to break monotany)

    ie:Loss of Earning Power:Its safe to say that once you are injured, your ability to earn money is either reduced or lost.Loss of Efficiency:The crew will be short the injured person or materials. The ability to work as efficiently as before is reduced.Spoiled Work:Due to either damage to equipment or materials or to residue left from the injured, the work may be unable to be used or sold.When both direct and indirect costs are added together, the costs of an accident add up very quickly.Ok so, now you have the basic definitions and reasons for accident prevention down pat, lets look at WHY we should investigate accidents.

  • Legal Requirements

    Workers Compensation Act Highway Traffic ActBuilding CodesFire CodesCriminal Code Workplace Safety and Health Act

  • Legal Duties of EmployersWorkplace Safety And Health Act (W210) - Section 4 - Page 6

  • Responsibilities of EmployersEstablish a written safety and health program (20+ employees) Share Required Information that - May affect the safety of other persons- Is necessary to identify and control hazards at a workplace

  • Due DiligenceOnly form of defense allowable to an employer

    Employer must PROVE that they did everything reasonably practicable to prevent the incident

  • Elements of a Safety ProgramSafety PolicyHazard AssessmentSafe Work PracticesSafe Work ProceduresCompany Safety RulesPersonal Protective Equipment Preventative Maintenance

    Training & CommunicationInspectionsInvestigations & ReportingEmergency PreparednessStats & RecordsLegislation

  • Management CommitmentEssential to successful implementation and maintenance of your safety program

    Leadership and safety start at the top

  • Management CommitmentManagement must be convinced that safety is:ManageableOngoingProfitableEqual to other business considerationsCost, production, quality, employee relationsManagement requires:TimeEffortMoneyPersonal Example

  • Section 1Company Safety PolicyCompany safety philosophy

    Managements commitment to safety

    Objectives of the safety program

    Assignment of responsibility for safety

    Signed and dated by the CEO

    Reviewed annually by management

  • Safety ResponsibilitiesAll personnel are responsible for their own personal safety and for those who report to themAssignment of responsibilities is restricted only to safetyEnsure all levels of your company have written responsibilities

  • Section 2Hazard AssessmentNecessary to ensure:

    Workers Legal Right to KnowDue diligenceCorrective measures are completedReduce riskReduce injuries/property damageImprove productivityImprove employee morale

  • Hazard AssessmentHazard:Any circumstance or condition which poses the risk of an accident or injury

    Hazard Assessment: A thorough examination of an operation to identify the actual and potential hazards prior to work commencing and whenever the work or work environment changes

  • Hazard AssessmentUnsafe conditionUnsafe act

    PeopleEnvironmentMaterialsEquipment and Tools

  • Conducting a Hazard AssessmentPeople, Environment, Material and Tools

    Ask yourself What If?

    Use a checklist

    Rank hazards according to severity and probability

  • Hazard AssessmentPrioritizing hazard assessments

    Any job that has produced fatalities/ serious injuriesAny job that is associated with frequent incidentsAny job that has the potential for serious injuriesNew (or recently changed) jobsJobs that are seldom performed

  • Hazard Ranking ExerciseSeverity

    Imminent DangerSeriousMinorO.K.Not ApplicableProbability

    ProbableReasonably ProbableRemoteExtremely Remote

  • Control of HazardsTo try and reduce or control the hazard

    EliminationSubstitutionEngineering ProcessAdministrative ControlsPersonal Protective Equipment

  • Contractor Evaluation/MonitoringEmployers must develop:

    A criteria for evaluating and selecting employers and self-employed persons

    Procedures for regularly monitoring employers and self-employed persons

  • Section 3Safe Work PracticesMeans of controlling hazardsDoing jobs with a minimum of risk to people and property

    General accepted safe working practices of what you should or should not do that are specific to your company:ie:Hand ToolsLadder SafetyMaterial Handling

  • Safe Work PracticesManagement to show commitment by ensuring:

    They are in writing Necessary equipment and support are available Supervisors ensure safe work practices are followed Employees understand and apply

  • ACCEPTED PRACTICEBECOMES THE EXPECTED STANDARD

  • Section 4 Safe Work ProceduresMeans of controlling hazardsDoing jobs with a minimum of risk to people and property

    Specific written description of how to do a job from start to finish

  • Safe Work ProceduresSWP are required by law: All tasks in which hazards have been identified

    Conduct JHA or JSASelect job to be analyzedBreak job down into sequence of stepsIdentify potential hazardsDetermine control methods

    Write safe work procedure

  • Section 5General Safety RulesThou shall and Thou shall not statements that leave no room for discretion

    KISS principle

    Management and supervisors must lead by example

    Clearly defined disciplinary action

  • Section 6 Personal Protective Equipment

    Used only when engineering controls and administrative controls are ineffective or insufficient

  • Personal Protective EquipmentBasic PPEShould be worn at all times Hard hats, eye protection, safety footwear, appropriate clothing

    Specialized PPEWorn for specific jobs or for protection from specific hazardsGloves, welders goggles, respirators, fall arresting equipment

  • Selection of PPERegulationsMSDSManufacturer SpecificationsInjury reportsExperience of management and workersPersonal Protective Equipment

  • Section 7Preventative Maintenance

    Reduce the risk of injuries, damage or lost production

    Comply with Legislation

    Comply with Manufacturers Specification

  • MaintenanceEnsure that Tools, Equipment and Vehicles are properly:

    Inspected Maintained In good repair

  • Maintenance PolicyInventory of EquipmentMaintenance ScheduleQualified personnelDocumentation / Records Monitoring Operators Management

  • Section 8 Training and Communication

    Essential to the success of your Safety Program

    All Training is Safety Training

    Minimum 3 training components: New Hire Orientation Job Specific Training Safety Meetings

  • New Hire OrientationMandatory requirement

    Standardized and based on a written plan or checklist

    Review of company policies, procedures and rules

  • Job Specific TrainingRequired procedures to complete a task safelyFormal or Informal Written or performance testDocumentInvolvement of the S & H committee or Safety Rep

  • Safety MeetingsToolbox or Tailgate Meetings

    Legislated Responsibility5 or more workers30 minutes every two weeks

    Document topics and those in attendance

  • Safety TrainingEffectivenessParticipation in a DiscussionWatching a VideoWatching a DemonstrationDoing the Real ThingReading10%30%50%70%90%

  • Section 9InspectionsIdentify and control hazardsOngoing (informal) inspectionsPlanned (formal) inspections

    Inspection policyObjectives clearly statedDirection and responsibility clearly stated

  • Identify existing and potential hazard and safety violations

    Determine causes of hazards

    Monitor hazard controls

    Determine corrective action

    Reinforce & promote safe practices

    Comply with legislation

    Inspection Purposes

  • Section 10Investigation & ReportingIncident:Any unplanned and unwanted event which results in or could have resulted in damage or injury

    Incident Investigation: Determination and analysis of the facts of the incident to establish the causes and the corrective measures required

  • Investigation Policy

    Objectives of investigations

    Type of incidents to be investigated

    Procedures to follow

    Responsibilities

  • Section 11Emergency Preparedness

  • Emergency PreparednessPlan or contingency to deal with potential emergency situationsAt Minimum:Provide first aid to the injuredProvide transportation to medical aidConduct initial attack on firePromptly contact outside agencies for helpPre-job planning and/or hazard assessment may identify other potential emergency situations

  • PreventionMeasurement Section 12Statistics & Records

  • Section 13 Legislation

    Joint Workplace

    Workers RightsRight to RefuseRight to KnowRight to Participate

  • LegislationFamiliarization with Legal Duties and Responsibilities for:

    EmployersSection 4(1) - 4(6)SupervisorsSection 4.1WorkersSection 5Self-Employed PersonsSection 6

  • Prime ContractorsSection 7(1) - 7(3)

    ContractorsSection 7.1

    OwnersSection 7.2

    SuppliersSection 7.3Legislation

  • Section 14Manitoba SupplementRequired on all construction sites Joint Safety & Health CommitteeAND/OR Safety & Health Representative

    Effective vehicle for communication amongst all levels of the company

  • S & H Committee DutiesReceipt, consideration and disposition of concerns and complaints respecting the safety and health of workers

    Identification of risks to safety and health of workers and others

    Develop and promote protective measures, programs, education and information concerning safety & health in the workplace

  • Further Duties of CommitteeCo-operate with OSH OfficersDevelop and promote and make recommendation concerning safety and health educationInspections of the workplaceParticipate in investigations Other duties specified in the Act

  • Manitoba SupplementHearing Conservation Program Lock-Out/Tag-out Testing Monitoring Employee training Written Procedure Employee training

  • Manitoba SupplementMusculoskeletal Injuries:Harassment/Violence: Identify/Communicate/Control Policy Training

  • Manitoba Supplement WHMIS Labels MSDS Employee training Working Alone Written Procedure Employee training

  • Manitoba SupplementPrime Contractor Operator training/certification Responsibilities Responsibilities of Sub-Contractor Competent person Certification required Forklifts Cranes

  • Example is not the main thing in influencing others..

    It is the ONLY thing!!

    **MCSA Objectives:AHJ Authouity for having juristiction to grant a Certificate of recognition and in some case to revoke the cert as well

    refer and read from screen (elaborate as you see fit)

    **Explanation of all the manuals*Review the information in the MCSA folder*Slide 3

    You would want to ask what is the attitude to safety at present in the company

    Who is in charge of safety for the company at present

    We will be dealing with the 14 elements that constitute an effective safety program.

    The creation of the safety manual is a personal document that reflects the safety attitude of that particular company so can not be duplicated or copied from another company it must be personal.

    The guidelines that a company establishes will reflect the commitment that that company has regarding their commitment to safety and the procedures their employees will follow to be in compliance.

    *Management must be of a mind set that all injuries can be prevented by placing safe work practices and procedures.

    General duties of employers W210 4(1) ensure, so far as reasonably practicable, the safety, health and welfare at work of all his workers.

    This would require an assessment of all operating exposures with an eye to safety , regulations, and safe operations of equipment.

    Further duties of employers w210 4(2)(b) provide to all his workers such information, instruction, training, supervision and facilities to ensure, so far as reasonably practicable, the safety, health and welfare at work of all his workers.

    *The profile of a company is always damaged when there is an accident on the work site. Companies should take pride in their safety record and have it posted for all to see. This is a good reminder where the company is regarding safety and a reminder to workers to think safe.

    One of the problems safety officers have in promoting the company message is the acceptance of the safety program by all employees. This is usually evident in older and inexperienced employees who have not been oriented into safe work practices and procedures.

    The cost to a company by employees not following he polices of the company can be very detrimental to the on going success of a Company. The cost of workers who dont follow the safety rules will be discussed later.

    *We should look at every situation with an eye to safety and what possible hazards the task could involve.

    *An effective safety program will provide financial benefits by reducing costs due to injuries and property damage.

    *Companies have a moral obligation to protect their workers from harm. In the work place this means that owners, managers, and supervisors take appropriate measures to protect their works from accident or injury. It is the responsibly for the worker to cooperate in following the company rules to safe guard themselves and fellow workers.

    The bottom line is important with every company. Having a good safety program can benefit a company by reducing injuries, job interruption, the hiring and training of replacement workers and the costly repair of equipment. The legal requirements required by government are in place to protect the worker and the public. The non compliance orders that are written up by the Workplace Safety and Health Division can lead to court action. The fine structure will be dealt with later.

    *The results of an accident can be very devastating to a family. The trauma that results from a serious accident can and does in many cases contribute to family break-up. Companies will suffer from accidents but in the long run it is the employee family who will suffer long term effects. Companies have to be ever conscious of long term disabling injuries. The use of proper hearing protection, respirators when needed and the training and education of how to uses appropriate personal protective safety equipment.Management of companies, who develop good safety policies for their company know that they are in compliance with the acts and regulations of the Province of Manitoba.

    *Hand-out #1 Iceberg Analogy

    In most cases the direct cost of the incident is very minor and the indirect cost or hidden costs are excepted as a cost of doing business. In most cases a company with a poor safety habit, these incidents are over looked until a major incidents catches managements attention. If the incident is investigated it will usually be reflective of poor work habits or inadequate training. If near misses are not reported to management there is a good possibility that a major incident will occur.

    *The workplace Health and safely Act (W210) sets out the definitions, purpose and the application of the Act. The Construction Industry Safety Regulations (MR189/85) defines the regulations that are required by employers and employees to safety carry out their respective tasks as laid out by the regulation. There are 9 other regulations pertaining to safety as related to the construction industry. These regulations are part of the legal requirements a company must follow in the province of Manitoba. These requirements will be dealt with later.

    This insurance program funded by the employers of the province insure that superior compensation services are supplied to the workers and employers of the Province of Manitoba in order to minimize the impact of workplace injuries. We will take a in-depth look at workers compensation in the accident reporting section.

    Those familiarly with operating know they must abide by the Highway Traffic Act.

    A contractor has to make themselves familiarly with the building codes in the area they are working different municipalities have different codes requirements.

    Local areas have control over their Fire Codes and in most cases have inspectors to check to make sure compliance is being met.

    The Criminal Code is in place to protect people and to access an area that can be used to maintain compliance to acts and regulations.

    *

    To insure safety to your workers there must be a set format regarding worker orientation.Employees should have an orientation on the Workplace Safety & Health Act (w210) and the regulations.Employer will supply all safety equipment required unless noted by the regulations or collective agreement. Employer must supply training for all staff and monitor their progress.**Due diligence means taking care. In the workplace that means taking all reasonable care in the circumstances to protect the health and safety of all workers.The duties of employers are spelled out in the Act.

    The key to understanding due diligence is understanding the words duty and risk. This means that an employer has to guard against all risk or be able to prove that all due care was taken to protect the worker.*All the elements are important and the safety program cant operate effectively unless all the elements are in place and all policies are addressed.*Mention the 14 elements that will make up an effective safety program.Safety Policy is the bases of the safety program. This will be a written statement, what the managements commitment and involvement will be towards the safety program.Organization or co-coordinator will be a person designated by management to fill the responsibilities required to operate the safety program. That person will have to have the training or ability, know the responsibilities and have sufficient authority to be able to carry them out.Safety Committee may not be required under the legislation (106/88) and if it is not then a worker representative must be appointed for construction sites and will function the same as a committee. It is recommended that with every crew working in different locations that a safety representative be designated.Safety rules will be both the direction the company wants their employees to follow and also the regulations that are required by law. The company rules will be specific and will also carry a disciplinary statement. The rules will be thou shalt or thou shalt not and how violations will be dealt with.PPE is meant to be the last resort in protecting the workers. If administrative and engineering controls can not be implemented the PPE will add that additional degree of protection. All companies will have their basic requirements that all workers should wear in the workplace.Company Inspections will in most cases follow a designated format with a policy giving the direction. The company will set up two main types of inspections ongoing inspections, which will be part of every employees responsibly to keep a clean and safe work site and planned or formal inspections , were the safety personal will document an inspection with an eye to compliance and potential areas that may cause injury or damage.Safe work practices and procedures are essential in giving the employees the information to do there job safely and to get the jog done rightInvestigations of every incident ( which is any unplanned event which results in damage or injury or which could have resulted in damage or injury) should be investigated. The legislation requires all major incidents to be investigated.Training is essential to having a good safety program. This training has to have three components orientation mandatory for new employees , and required for existing employees on an annual bases. Emergency planning is an iatrical part of a complete safety program. The company must have procedures in place to cover any possible risk and how to deal with it in a professional manner. This could involve the requirements under first aid legislation(MR140/98), fire fighting, action required from out side agencies.Maintenance of all company equipment , including vehicles, tools, and PPE. This will include having inventory records, maintenance schedules, and recording systems.Records will provide the information to be able to make sound decisions on the effectiveness of the safety program and help in modifying activities for the future. root the company safety program. Legislation must be available with the safety manuals for reference. Hazard Assessment the pro-active way to prevent accidents from happening

    *A successful safety program is based on a number of concepts and beliefs. The first is the recognition by senior management that a safety program is an essential part of the operation.

    A safety program will only succeed when senior management is committed to the program.

    *The safety program must have parameters set so that he program is easily managed. This will be done by setting up a line system of management.

    Management must be able to devote time, effort, money and set a personal example to expect a safety program to work.

    *Take a moment and ask what the students feel their company commitment is to a safety program is at this time.Hand out #2 Generic Corporate Safety Policy

    One of the values of this safety program is the pre-done safety policy's that can be used to start the program.

    Depending on the size of the company management can assign responsibilities for the different parts of the safety program.

    Management can choose from the policies supplied and put together one for their use. Signed and dated it then becomes the safety policy for the company.

    *

    Mention the different safety policy's and how a company can mix and match what they wish to use or develop their own safety policies.*

    Important to stress that safety is everyones responsibility and supervisors or lead hands have an extra responsibility to monitor other workers work habits.

    Responsibilities that are assigned to safety officers of the company should pertain to safety. Keep in mind that safety should answer to management and not be hampered by a tier system.

    The designated safety positions have to be written and signed by management and posted so all employees are informed.*

    When the company has decided on its safety policy and posted it for all employees to read, the assignment of responsibilities should be written and added to the safety manual.*

    In the Act (W210 section 4 subsection 2 outlines the further duties of employer. This explains that employers have to provide information, instruction, training and supervision to all their workers.

    Due diligence means taking care. That means taking all reasonable care in the circumstances to protect the health and safety of all workers. In the Manitoba Act it refers to so far as reasonably practicable.

    A company which develops a plan for their safety program that complies with the Act and works on corrective measures will :Reduce Risk Reduce injury/property damageImprove productivityImprove employee morale*The term Common Sense is often used when dealing with hazards. Unfortunately what one person perceives as common sense another person may not be inclined to see the situation the same way.

    A Hazard Assessment of all work done by an employer should have had a hazard assessment done. If the work is something that is being done on a regular bases, then a review of the hazard assessment should be done every year to keep up with changes in procedures or regulations.

    A Hazard Assessment has to be done on any project that employees will be working and are not familiar with the location or the project. (example : any new project)*Picture

    Picture

    Unsafe conditions are always present. In most cases we ignore them or we will take short cuts with the ides that it Won't happen to me Good example of unsafe conditions is simply poor housekeeping habits.We have more to fear from our own actions than from any other job hazards around us. Why take a chance in the first place? Only you can decide to take the time to do your job safely and correctly the first time. The leading causes of accidents is the unsafe acts of employees, unfortunately in many cases it is because they have not been trained in the proper procedure, leaving the process to common sense.Unsafe conditions and unsafe acts will involve :PeopleEnvironmentMaterialsEquipment and tools

    *Employers are required to assess the workplace to determine if hazards that require the use of head, eye, face, hand, or foot protection are present or are likely to be present. If hazards or the likelihood of hazards are found, employers must select and have affected employees use properly fitted personal protective equipment suitable for protection from these hazards. Defective or damaged personal protective equipment shall not be used.

    What if? One must become familiar with the potential hazards and the type of protective equipment that is available, and what it can do; i.e., splash protection, impact protection, noise protection, etc.;

    One of the easiest methods is of completing a hazard assessment is to have a check list. This check list will have to be designed by the company, so that it will fir into their requirements and cover all aspects of what hazards an employee could encounter.

    The value of the checklist is so the company can asses the severity and the probability of an unsafe act or unsafe condition being present.*If the company has developed a checklist to follow when doing a hazard annalist ranking the severity and the probability of an incident occurring should be very remote.

    A good checklist will have a rating system for severity of a hazard.

    e.g.: Class A Imminent Danger

    Class B - Serious Condition

    Class C Minor Injury Class

    Class D No Recognizable Hazard

    Class E Not a Hazard

    Probability of a hazard happening and making note for reference.

    Probable Hazard e.g. overhead crane, workers, scaffolding would require caution.Reasonably Probable e.g. housekeeping conditions, weather

    Remote Hazard e.g. out of the ordinary scope of work

    Extremely Remote e.g. Acts of god

    **Handout #14 - Construction Safety Checklist - Site Start-up*The reason for safe work practices is to reduce risk by doing work in an approved manner. Safe work practices have to be in writing so that the same format is used every time.Extreme care must be taken when preparing safe work practices to ensure they meet or exceed all applicable legislation and industry standards.

    It is in the best interest of the company that all employees know how the company equipment is to be looked after and maintained.*

    A company must , in writing, be very specific on what they expect their workers to do when using equipment and handling material. This will save the company money and avoid misunderstanding among employees.Employees have to be instructed in the companys safe work practices and the supervisory staff must ensure that all practices are followed.

    *It is up to management, as to how they wish to operate their company.The standards that management set, will be the guidelines, as to how the company will operate. If employees are orientated as to the direction that the company wishes to follow,that will be reflective of the standards the company will achieve.*Safe work procedures should supply a guideline for employees to be able to perform their tasks without incident or injury.

    A safe work procedure has to be a written step by step description of how to do a task from start to finish. It is preferable that all tasks have a safe work procedure so that employees follow the same steps in the process time after time.*When working to develop safe work practices the ones a company should work on first are the ones that they are involved in and are required by law.

    Job Hazard Analysis (JHA) is a procedure which provides for the integration of an accepted safety and health principles and practices into a particular operation.Another term for Job Hazard Analysis is Job Safety Analysis (JSA) This will be a step by step of the task that has to be done and all the elements require to do the task.

    In the writing of safe work procedures you may need the help of supervisors or employees familiar with the tasks. The safe work procedures will have to be reviewed and tested to be sure that all elements are included in the process.*The safety rules have to be dealt with at the orientation of the employee. This will save a lot of confusion and miss information.When making the rules the company has to realize that the rules will pertain to everyone that is employed by the company. The company had to be sure that the rules it makes it is itself able to bide by.

    Keep It the rules Short and Simple. (KISS)

    The safety rules and the implementation of the safety program must be led by example. Hat means the CEO, managers, and supervisors have to abide by the company rules. The rules are for all to follow.

    Rules must be enforceable and enforced. Action must be taken every time a rule is violated and not only when some loss occurs because of the violation of the rules.Rules must be maintained even in the face of deadlines, weather, or other circumstances or they become ineffective.Keep in mind that many accidents and incidents happen when rules are circumvented.**Employers are required to determine all exposures to hazards in their workplace and determine if PPE should be used to protect their workers.Personal protective equipment in many cases is used in place of controls and proper job definitions. This stems from , in some cases, from a lack of safety knowledge. Keeping in mind that in the construction industry some personal protective equipment is mandatory when working on a site. e.g. hardhats & safety work boots

    If PPE is to be used to reduce the exposure of employees to hazards, a PPE program should be initialized and maintained. This program should contain identification and evaluation of hazards in the workplace and if use of PPE is an appropriate control measure; if PPE is to be used, how it is selected, maintained and its use evaluated; training of employees using the PPE; and vigilance of the program to determine its effectiveness in preventing employee injury or illness.*Legislation forms the guideline for the use in the wearing of PPE. The company will have its own policy regarding PPE. pursuant to the type of work involved.The company should have in their policy the following employee-owned equipment. Where employees provide their own protective equipment, the employer shall be responsible to assure its adequacy, including proper maintenance, and sanitation of such equipment.

    Specialized personal protective equipment will be supplied by the employer for tasks involving additional risks to employees. The employer has to supply training in the use of all PPE and special training to the employees who use the specialized PPE.

    *Information gathered from the applicable regulations, previous injury reports, and the experience of management and workers will help you in your selection of appropriate PPE for your operation. In cases of special problems such as chemical handling or working at heights, you may wish to call on outside expertise to assist in the selection of PPE.*Hand out #19 Importance of Lost Control re Accidents and Down TimeAll construction activity involves the use of tools and equipment. The on going use of tools and equipment does cause a change in the operations of tools and equipment. The importance of the continuing maintenance of equipment should be a high priority within the company to prevent down time and loss of production.

    The Workplace Safety and Health Act requires that every employer shall provide and maintain a workplace, necessary equipment, systems and tools that are safe and without risk to health, so far as is reasonably practicable.

    The best interests of the company maintenance program can be best served by following the manufactures specifications regarding the maintenance of their tools and equipment.*It is in the best interest of the company to insure that their equipment is maintained, inspected and kept in good repair and ready for job site use.*It is good business practice to inventory all equipment and mark accordingly in case of theft, fire or required replacement.

    Maintained schedule will ad life to tools and equipment and prevent them from being neglected.

    All equipment being repaired should be done by some one qualified in doing the repairs.

    Good maintenance records will assist the company in making documented decisions regarding replacement of worn out equipment and the past performances of equipment in service.*Hand out #12 Continuous Safety training

    `Managements direction regarding safety training is vital to the success of the company safety program. Poor safety training will cause serious problems with in a company.

    Employees that are trained will produce a better quality product due to the fact that the are using company approved safe work practices and procedures. Where quality control is important Doing it Right is also doing it safely.

    All companies that want to have a quality safety program must have the following components.*No person can start work if they do not have the company direction explained to them. Without an orientation a company has a recipe for disaster.

    To have an effective orientation everyone in the company must have the same information. This means, that all orientations have to be in a written format, so every employee gets the same information and there is no doubt as to what the company expects.

    The orientation of employees has to include all the policies and procedures that a company expects their employees to abide by.

    Hand Out #13 - Company Orientation Checklist*Hand out #15 Hearing ConservationThere has to be documentation as to the process as expected by the company to maintain quality control.

    Some tasks will require specialized training, e.g. forklift operators, others will be a matter of reviewing company safe work practices and procedures.

    The are incidents that require the company to certify their employees in the proper procedures in the tasks involved. This may require a written test or a visual assessment of the work performance.

    The information that a company will rely on will in most cases come from the input of the safety and health committees. The reassessment of job procedures and practices will always be under review due to tecknical changes.*Hand out #16 MCSA Tool Box FormsRegular tool box or tailgate meetings are the best way to keep all the employees informs regarding all aspects of what is happening in the company.

    The legal responsibilities requires tool box meetings on a construction site that has more than five workers on the project. It is preferred that all employees participate in safety tool box meetings on a regular bases.

    The company should have a standard form that is used to document safety meetings, The Construction Safety services can supply these free of charge to contractors.*Safety training effectiveness what we are going to do is a little test of your knowledge

    brings in descriptionsThese are a general classification of different types of training

    What I would like you to do is to match up each description with how effective you think they are 10% - 30% - 50% - 70% - or 90%

    allow approximately 2-3 minutes

    ask participants to answer example: OK what type of training do you think is 10% effective

    brings in Reading(10 % effective) following SWP & JP by reading is not effective. Anyone have kids? Try to assemble toys, bbq using directions? Assume everyone reads?USE Windshield Wiper Example

    brings in Video(30% effective) MCSA does not show videos, lights out, sleep, no feedback!

    brings in Demo(50 % effective)

    brings in Discussion(70 % effective) USE EX: Old Boss - gives answer, New Boss - look up, discuss

    brings in Real Thing(90 % effective)Learning test: people learn in 2 ways: verbal/visual ie: fingers on chin*The benefit of inspections should be self evident. The underlining reason is to prevent incidents from occurring. All employees should be instructed in watching for potential hazards in the workplace and rectifying the situation on an ongoing bases. Poor housekeeping, which is an accumulation of unsafe conditions resulting from a series of unsafe acts.The planned inspection should be conducted by the manager, supervisor or an inspection team made up of management , supervisors and workers.The planned inspection of a work site will focus on all aspects of potential hazards found on the work site. The company should have a check list with all areas that are to be inspected .

    The company safety manual should contain a policy statement on inspections. Such a policy should set out the objectives of the inspection program, direction and responsibilities.*Slide 3

    A good inspection should cover and reinforce these purposes outlined. They are an essential part of your overall safety program and important to maintaining safety on your jobsite.

    The only way we can control hazards is to first determine what is causing them.

    Inspections give us the opportunity to monitor controls that have been previously implemented to make sure that those controls are actually working.

    Determine corrective action for any new hazards we find.

    Reinforce and promote our safe work practices.And.Comply with legislation. The Manitoba Workplace Safety and Health Act requires the employer to identify and inform workers about hazards that exist in the workplace.

    *Incident this term is used to describe an accident and a near miss. Any incident could have resulted in loss time production, employee error, or a bad work process. A company must be vigilant to incidents so that they are able to monitor and be able to improve on process.

    Investigation of an incident is imperative to make sure it wont happen again.

    Investigation will prevent repetition.Hand out #7 MCSA Incident and Injury ReportHand Out #8 WCB Reporting ResponsibilitiesHand Out #9 WCB Green Form*The objects of an investigation is not to decide blame but to find out what happened so that a reoccurrence of the incident wont happen again.

    Hand out #10 What to do regarding a serious injuryHand out #11 Worksafe Bulletin #119 Reporting Serious Accidents

    The WPS&H classifies injuries that they deem as requiring investigation by law.Hand out with the guideline of what, by law, has to be investigated.

    The procedure must follow the format that there are Direct Causes and Indirect Causes of an incident. The investigation should be looking to the facts and keeping an open mind to what the causes were and what the recommendations will be.

    The company will have a policy regarding who will investigate an incident and what incidents will be investigated. It is hoped that the company will list employees who have investigation training and are familiar with the process.*Preparing for a task with guidelines and training in place will guarantee a safe and quality controlled product. The saving for the company will be reflective in the overall performance of the employees.*Hand out #17 - Emergency ProceduresHand out #18 - Operation of Construction Equipment (power lines) 108/88The company must have a written plan as to what employees are expected to do in case of an emergency.

    The company will have addressed many of their emergency minimum responses by effective safety training in first aid and CPR . The standards safety training in fire response initial response and first response will be all covered in the orientation a new employee receives before starting employment.

    The companies which start projects that are different than the norm will have a pre job planning review to be sure all hazard assessments have been completed. This will be reviewed with the supervisor prior to the job start up. The supervisor will then be able to instruct their crews as to the hazards on that job site. **Companies must keep in mind that the legislation is the minimum standard that the provincial government require by law. Companies in many cases develop their own guidelines that supersede the government minimum regulations.

    The legislation, in many cases, doesnt require a workplace safety and health committee, but it is advisable to have a system that allows feedback from the workers to management on a regular bases.

    Legislation gives the workers the rite to refuse if the worker has reasonable grounds to believe and does believe that the particular work is dangerous to his health or safety, or the safety and health of another worker or any other person. All workers have a right to know the work that they are required to do and the hazards involved in doing that work. The workers have a right to participate in forming safe work practices and procedures that involve them or fellow workers ij the duties of their employment.

    Hand out #20 - Worksafe Fall 2002 S & H Amendments*Under general duties of employers 4(1) W210 they must comply with the act and regulations and as far a s reasonably practicable ensure the health and safety of all workers.

    This is were a good maintenance policy will come into effect. All tolls and equipment will be well looked after.

    The companys orientation and tool box meetings will address the basic company knowledge to employees. The specialized training will be supplied to the workers who work with or do specialized services.*Hand out #21 Kingston Electric - Contractor fined $70,000 Injury to SubThe company with a good safety program will have all the necessary information, training and Personal protective Equipment that a worker will need to do their tasks.

    Everyone must take care as to insure the health and safety of the general public both in health and safety and environmental concerns.

    The company must stress the importance of safety being everyones responsibility and to report all incidents to there supervisors.

    Companies with good safety and health practices will benefit from the help of Workplace safety and Health Officers. They will assist in the legal interpretation of the Act and regulations.

    *Hand out #3 Code of Practice for WPS&H CommitteesReview new legislation regarding Prime ContractorThere should be a safety and health committee in place at all construction sites regardless of the legislation. This will benefit all workers on the site regarding safety and health matters and to have a vehicle to discuss problems. Al companies must designate a safety and health reprehensive for all work sites. This person should have basic knowledge of First Aid, company rules, and The Workplace Safety and Health Act and Regulations.

    The advantage of having a good safety and health committee or safety representative is being able to get the feed back from the different projects.

    *Hand out #4 Safety & Health Committee ChecklistHand out #5 Safety & Health Committee Minutes explain where they are obtained and where they are sentHand Out #6 Committee member list to be postedThe main function of a safety committee is to investigate safety problems and recommend solutions.In many companies with small work forces this responsibility has to be a shared commitment with all workers.The legislation for safety places all the responsibility on the CEO and his designated managers or supervisors.

    The safety committee has to be able to spend time to analyze problems and make recommendations that can be implemented into the safety program.

    The duties are laid out in the Act (40-7) spelling out the duties of a safety committee. In situation where there is a safety representive, they will perform the same duties as would a committee.

    **