Hellenistic Greece. Rise of Macedonia End of Peloponnesian War Sparta victorious...

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Transcript of Hellenistic Greece. Rise of Macedonia End of Peloponnesian War Sparta victorious...

  • Hellenistic Greece

  • Rise of MacedoniaEnd of Peloponnesian WarSparta victorious in control of GreeceUnable to administer their territory

    Thebes takes control of Greece (371BC)

    Philip of Macedonia (382-336)Defeats Thebes to take control of GreecePlanned to lead a united Greece against Persia

  • Philip of Macedonia (382-336)Defeats Thebes to take control of GreecePlanned to lead a united Greece against Persia

  • ALEXANDER the GREAT (356-323BC)

    Succeeded Philip after he was murderedInfluencesPhilip his father

    Olympias his mother

    Aristotle his teacher

  • Building an EmpireConsolidated his power in GreeceWent into Asia Minor and SyriaConquered EgyptBuilt AlexandriaDeclared a pharaohPursued King Darius III of PersiaTo capture him To conquer PersiaPushed into Asia Afghanistan (Bactria) and into northern India334 marched back to Babylon after having covered 10,000 miles323 celebrated his victories, got sick, and died

  • Consequences of Alexanders EmpireOrganization divided into 4 pieces

    Spread of Greek cultureLanguage, religion, arts, etc.Koine Greek universal language

  • Growth of expanded trade

    Government loose federation of cities

  • Cities new ones built, older ones refurbishedGreek influenceAlexandria, EgyptLibraryPharos lighthouse

    Economy expanded market for Greek productsNon-Greek goods introduced into GreeceWealth still concentrated in hands of few will affect philosophies that develop during the time

  • Hellenistic PhilosophySocial criticsDealing with a world grown larger; feelings of alienationTo alleviate feelings of spiritual uneasiness

    Cynics people should imitate naturalness of animals; follow your own natureDiogenes (400-325BC) The DogBegged for a living & lived in a barrelTrouble-maker (carrying a lamp in the daytime, claiming to be looking for an honest man)

  • Epicurians people made of atoms, not made by gods; we should be free from superstition

    Epicurus (342-270BC)Earthly happiness is goal of lifePleasure over pain (in moderation)Withdraw from public lifeLive justly & prudentlyOpen to men and women

  • Stoics Zeno (335-263BC)World as one society global communityresponsibility and duty

    Emotions should be disciplinedHuman law shouldnt conflict w/ natural law

    Principle of order Divine Reasonhighest good could be achieved through reason

  • Skeptics Carneades (213-129BC)No one true path to happinessall ideas as valid assumptions; no absolutes

    Certain knowledge is impossibleQuestion everything; truth cannot be known

  • Women in Hellenistic GreeceBasic position in society changed littleArtistic impression changed

  • Religion Openness that came with empire

    Spread of Greek religion to other areasTemples to Greek gods built all over Hellenistic world

    Spread of non-Greek religion to GreeceNon-Greek gods added to Greek pantheonEgypt = Zeus + ReSyria = Atargatis (fertility) + Aphrodite

  • Arts rejected earlier ideas of restraint and balanceSculpture - naturalism Greeks and non-Greeks as subjects

  • Lack of moderation in sculpture