Globalization Theme: Impact of globalization and related responses (2) 8 Impact of political...

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  • GlobalizationTheme: Impact of globalization and related responses (2)8 Impact of political globalization

  • Theme Mind MapDifferent perceptions of globalizationDifferent discourses on globalizationEconomic dimension of globalizationCultural dimension of globalizationDifferent reactions to globalizationThe mainland and Hong Kong under globalizationImpact of economic globalization31257114810Political dimension of globalizationImpact of political globalizationFactors which influence the spread and evenness of the impact of globalization9Impact of globalization and related responses6Impact of cultural globalization

  • Exploration Journey 1: Is there no room for the role of a state in the international arena?8 Impact of political globalizationTo learn different scholars views on whether state power has been weakened or notTo reflect on the impact of the rise of new centres of authority and global civil society on the role of statesExploration Journey 2: The effectiveness of global governance: Promotes greater understanding or intensifies conflicts?To understand the importance of international cooperation to the world peaceTo identify different types of international conflictsTo explore the relationship between globalization and international understanding and conflictsTo assess the effectiveness of global governance on solving global problemsBe willing to devote efforts for the betterment of the world

  • Exploration Journey1

  • Exploration Journey 1: Is there no room for the role of a state in the international arena?What are the changes of a states role under global governance?

  • The changes of a states role under global governanceUnder political globalization, conventional state governance has gradually transformed into global governance. Exploration Journey 1: Is there no room for the role of a state in the international arena?

  • The changes of a states role under global governanceConventional state governance the state rules the people within its domain. The government is the only legal authority.all states have independent sovereignty. A state solves problems and difficulties with its own efforts. does not need foreign help or intervention. Exploration Journey 1: Is there no room for the role of a state in the international arena?

  • The changes of a states role under global governanceGlobal governance: a product of political globalizationincludes the interaction, coordination and rivalry among states, international governmental and non-governmental organizations as well as private transnational corporationsExploration Journey 1: Is there no room for the role of a state in the international arena? needs to handle global issues

    a state is no longer the only governing body.

  • The changes of a states role under global governanceGlobalistThe role of a state has been weakened under global governance.SkepticNo! The state government is still influential.Exploration Journey 1: Is there no room for the role of a state in the international arena?

  • The changes of a states role under global governanceThe arguments of globalists Transnational corporations have a growing impact on all countries. All governments introduce preferential policies to attract investments from them.In the process of globalization, political power is no longer only exercised by a state as defined by a boundary, but also by global institutions.Under this trend, a state gradually loses its leading position in international affairs, and it also has weaker decision-making capacity for affairs within its border. Exploration Journey 1: Is there no room for the role of a state in the international arena?

  • The arguments of skepticsA state is still an important entity at the international level. Despite the constantly emerging global issues, each society has its own agenda for the state government. The states policies also influence the investment incentive of investors around the world, and its population control measures even influence peoples movements in all countries. The changes of a states role under global governanceExploration Journey 1: Is there no room for the role of a state in the international arena?

  • The changes of a states role under global governanceThe world has developed from the polarization of two superpowers in the Cold War to the multi-polarization of powers nowadays. International organizations, transnational corporations and the BRICs are regarded as the new centres of authority. Exploration Journey 1: Is there no room for the role of a state in the international arena?

  • How do the BRICs participate in global governance? A1 International Daily News 16 April 2010BRICs urge IMF and World Bank to accelerate reform The national leaders of the BRICs (China, India, Brazil and Russia) had the second official meeting in Brazil. After the meeting, the BRICs made a joint announcement, stating that they will strive to reform Bretton Woods, which should have been done earlier. The IMF and World Bank should solve the problem of insufficient legitimacy as soon as possible. The foremost goal of reforming the structure of governance is to transfer the rights to vote to emerging markets and developing countries, ensuring that the power of decision-making that those countries have is in line with their strength in the global economy. Source: Adapted from various newspapers dated 16 April 2010.

  • The changes in the concept of citizen under globalizationHow does global governance promote the rise of global civil society?Citizen refers to A person who is given the nationality of a country, and has the rights and obligations under the countrys law. A state manages its citizens through the legal system and socialization.The citizens influence national policies through elections and social movements. Citizens have rights to vote.Exploration Journey 1: Is there no room for the role of a state in the international arena?

  • The changes in the concept of citizen under globalizationHow does global governance promote the rise of global civil society?Conventional citizenshiptop-down modelit is recognized and endowed by the stateThe concept of citizenship under globalization bottom-up model citizens establish their identity by themselves Exploration Journey 1: Is there no room for the role of a state in the international arena?

  • The changes in the concept of citizen under globalizationHow does global governance promote the rise of global civil society?Under globalization, citizenship is no longer confined to national boundary. Exploration Journey 1: Is there no room for the role of a state in the international arena?People can establish their citizenship as other than the national identity. It may be an identity above the national level or a cross-boundary one.

  • What is global civil society?Global civil society: involves groups from different countries, or groups which fight for interests that involve civil societies in more than one country

    Exploration Journey 1: Is there no room for the role of a state in the international arena?

  • The rise of global civil society The reasons why civil society is able to turn global: Civil society organizations are increasingly concerned about the governance of transnational issues. They have begun to stage actions in response to globalization. By establishing ties with transnational governing bodies, the actions of the civil society have gradually become global in nature. The World Wide Fund for Nature organizes Earth Hour all over the world simultaneously, arousing peoples concern about environmental problemsExploration Journey 1: Is there no room for the role of a state in the international arena?

  • The rise of global civil societyCivil society has begun to adopt the global form of organization, such as the federal structure. Greenpeace has worldwide websites, allowing people in different regions to know the global issues it handles.Exploration Journey 1: Is there no room for the role of a state in the international arena?Civil societys actions involve more use of transnational communication and transport tools to initiate global civil campaigns, such as air travel and the Internet.

  • The rise of global civil societyContemporary civil society depends more and more on aid from global finance. The development of civil society is increasingly promoted by global ideologies, such as the transnational collective identity like social strata, gender or religious beliefs.

    Exploration Journey 1: Is there no room for the role of a state in the international arena?Civil society stages global regulatory campaigns with greater spontaneity. Civil society organizations are more and more active in planning, carrying out and monitoring the activities of global governance measures.

  • How does global civil society participate in global governance?Transnational corporationsMonitoring whether the corporations will damage global governance, or worsen the worlds problems International governmental organizationsMonitoring how the international governmental organizations handle global issues, and suggesting advice or reflecting discontents International non-governmental organizationsSubsidizing, participating in or establishing international non-governmental organizations, and concerned about specific global issues GovernmentsMonitoring the performance of the governments on global governance, and suggesting advice or reflecting discontents Global civil societyExploration Journey 1: Is there no room for the role of a state in the international arena?

  • Exploration Journey2The effectiveness of global governa