Globalization Theme: Impact of globalization and related responses (2) 7 Political dimension of...

download Globalization Theme: Impact of globalization and related responses (2) 7 Political dimension of globalization globalization

of 37

  • date post

    20-Jan-2016
  • Category

    Documents

  • view

    226
  • download

    0

Embed Size (px)

Transcript of Globalization Theme: Impact of globalization and related responses (2) 7 Political dimension of...

  • GlobalizationTheme: Impact of globalization and related responses (2)7 Political dimension of globalization

  • Theme Mind MapDifferent perceptions of globalizationDifferent discourses on globalizationEconomic dimension of globalizationCultural dimension of globalizationDifferent reactions to globalizationThe mainland and Hong Kong under globalizationImpact of economic globalization31257114810Political dimension of globalizationImpact of political globalizationFactors which influence the spread and evenness of the impact of globalization9Impact of globalization and related responses6Impact of cultural globalization

  • Exploration Journey 1: How do political affairs spread across the world?7 Political dimension of globalizationTo learn the meaning of political globalizationTo understand the relationship between global issues and political globalizationExploration Journey 2: Does political globalization help to re-organize the world order?To explore whether the international arena is a level playing fieldTo learn the participants of global governanceTo learn the meaning and development of global governanceTo understand how the different aspects of globalization are interconnectedTo reflect the impact of political globalization on our lifeTo appreciate the ideologies of cosmopolitanism and global citizenship

  • Exploration Journey1

  • Why do domestic affairs of an individual country arouse global concern?Exploration Journey 1: How do political affairs spread across the world?

  • The definition of political globalizationWhat is political globalization?It refers to the strengthening and expansion of political ties between all countries or regions. Specifically, political globalization can be interpreted in two aspects: Exploration Journey 1: How do political affairs spread across the world? One one hand, it refers to the process in which individual countries acts are increasingly subject to the constraints of global norms. On the other hand, it refers to the process in which all governments have more opportunities to participate and exert their influence in the decision-making of international affairs.

  • The background to the development of political globalization After the European countries signed the Treaty of Westphalia in 1648, sovereign states became the only legal actors at the international level. What is political globalization?Signatories:Kingdom of SpainHoly Roman Empire and the constituent statesHouse of Bourbon of the French EmpireKingdom of SwedenExploration Journey 1: How do political affairs spread across the world?

  • The background to the development of political globalizationHowever, as all kinds of global issues arise, it is difficult for individual countries to deal with the issues on their own. What is political globalization?International organizations and transnational corporations play an increasingly important role in some global issues and even gradually transcend the leading status of the sovereign states. Exploration Journey 1: How do political affairs spread across the world?

  • Is political globalization interacting with economic and cultural globalization?Economic globalizationPolitical globalizationCultural globalizationExploration Journey 1: How do political affairs spread across the world?

  • The relationship between political globalization and economic globalizationIs political globalization interacting with economic and cultural globalization?Under economic globalization, all economies are more closely integrated. A force which encourages free trade and prohibits national trade barriers and protectionism was formed. Free trade enhances the flow of goodsExploration Journey 1: How do political affairs spread across the world?

  • The relationship between political globalization and economic globalizationIf an individual country adopts protectionism, it will be regarded as a breach of the international norm. The country will be criticized or even boycotted. Is political globalization interacting with economic and cultural globalization?To ensure the smooth progress of free trade between members, some international organizations require their members to sign treaties. Free tradeProtectionismExploration Journey 1: How do political affairs spread across the world?

  • The relationship between political globalization and economic globalizationIs political globalization interacting with economic and cultural globalization?To attract investments, non-Western countries (especially the developing countries) adopt Western laws, regulations and systems. This reflects that national policies are affected by economic activities. Exploration Journey 1: How do political affairs spread across the world?

  • The relationship between political globalization and economic globalizationUnder cultural globalization, the spread of some universal values (such as democracy, liberty and human rights) influences human values. Is political globalization interacting with economic and cultural globalization?Besides, a leaders personal values and those commonly existing among the people of a nation all affect diplomatic policy-making. Exploration Journey 1: How do political affairs spread across the world?

  • Global issues foster political globalizationHow do global issues foster political globalization?Conventionally, political activities are confined to a state; all countries adopt their own policies to deal with local issues. PoliciesLocal issuesPoliciesLocal issuesPoliciesLocal issuesPoliciesLocal issuesPoliciesLocal issuesExploration Journey 1: How do political affairs spread across the world?

  • Global issues foster political globalizationHow do global issues foster political globalization?With closer ties between all countries, the issues faced no longer have geographical constraints. People all over the world gradually face the same global issues and all countries need to join hands to solve them, resulting in globalization of political acts.PoliciesGlobal issuesPoliciesGlobal issuesPoliciesGlobal issuesPoliciesGlobal issuesExploration Journey 1: How do political affairs spread across the world?PoliciesGlobal issues

  • Global issues foster political globalizationHow do global issues foster political globalization?Global issues have a cross-boundary impact. Even though different countries or regions are affected differently by global issues, international cooperation is needed for solving the issues. This has prompted the globalization of political activities. Examples of global issues:Climate change and environmental pollutionWars and transnational crimesDisease and its preventionPoverty and uneven distribution of wealthProtection of human rightsExploration Journey 1: How do political affairs spread across the world?

  • Exploration Journey2Does political globalization help to re-organize the world order?

  • Exploration Journey 2: Does political globalization help to re-organize the world order?Under political globalization, is the role of a state still important?

  • The definition of global governanceWhat is global governance?It refers to the governance mode which aims at handling global issues through political interaction at different levels.InternationalRegionalBetween countriesBetween localitiesExploration Journey 2: Does political globalization help to re-organize the world order? It includes the cooperation between countries and participation of international organizations.

  • The emergence of global governanceWhat is global governance?Global issues arise under globalization:Global governance has become an essential mode of governance for handling the above issues.Widespread epidemicsTransnational crimesClimate changeExploration Journey 2: Does political globalization help to re-organize the world order?

  • The emergence of global governanceWhat is global governance?Today, global governing bodies have offices covering all over the world. Examples are:The United NationsThe World Trade OrganizationThe Organization for Economic Co-operation and DevelopmentExploration Journey 2: Does political globalization help to re-organize the world order?

  • The interaction between the participants of global governanceThe participants of global governance include: State governmentsTransnational corporationsInternational organizations (IGOs and INGOs)Exploration Journey 2: Does political globalization help to re-organize the world order?

  • International organizationsThe interaction between the participants of global governanceInternational governmental organizationA body formed by a number of sovereign states for a specific purposeIGOs have gradually gained importance, and they always lead the direction of the international communitys public policiesInternational non-governmental organizationA transnational institution formed by non-governmental groupsINGOs handle transnational and ethnic issues so they receive attention from all governmentsExploration Journey 2: Does political globalization help to re-organize the world order?

  • The interaction between the participants of global governanceState governmentsIGOs are formed with sovereign states as the legal members. Member states send their delegates to discuss and vote in the process of decision-making.Individual countries can exert different levels of influence in the international organizations.The delegate from China (who raises his hand) engages in discussion in the UN. The one sitting next to him is the Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon.Exploration Journey 2: Does political globalization help to re-organize the world order?

  • The interaction between the participants of global governanceTransnational corporati