Festivals, celebrations and traditions in Britain

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Transcript of Festivals, celebrations and traditions in Britain

Seasons and Celebrations

festivals, celebrations and traditions in Britain

The basic question of our project:

1. what do festivals tell us?Problem questions:

1.What festivals do people celebrate in Britain and why?2.How did they come?3.Are they associated with the religions? 4. What traditions do British people have?

The year begins

- The pagans who lived in Britain two thousand years ago celebrated their New Year on 1November.

-Then they celebrated New Year on 26 March until the eighteenth century.

- 1 January was officially declared as New Years Day in 1752.

-New Years Eve is on 31 December.

In London people go to Trafalgar square.

Auld Lang Syne Days Long Ago Should old acquaintances be forgottenAnd never be remembered?Should old acquaintances be forgottenand days long ago ? Chorus:For days long ago, my dear,For days long agoWe'll drink a cup of kindness yetFor days long ago!And surely you'll have your pint tankardAnd surely I'll have mine.And we'll drink an excellent good-will For days long ago.Chorus:For days long ago, my dear,For days long agoWe'll drink a cup of kindness yetFor days long ago!Should old acquaintances be forgottenAnd never be remembered?Should old acquaintances be forgottenand days long ago ?Should auld acquaintance be forgot, And never brought to mind? Should auld acquaintance be forgot,And auld lang syne?

Chorus: For auld lang syne, my jo, For auld lang syne,We'll tak a cup o' kindness yetFor auld lang syne. And surely you'll be your pint-stowp,And surely I'll be mine,And we'll drink a right guid-willie waughtFor auld lang syne!

Chorus: For auld lang syne, my jo, For auld lang syne,We'll tak a cup o' kindness yetFor auld lang syne.

hould auld acquaintance be forgot, And never brought to mind? Should auld acquainttance be forgot,And auld lang syne?

Hogmanay

- In Scotland, New Years Eve has a special name: Hogmanay.

At Hogmanay, there is a tradition called first- footing.

5

Saint Valentines Day

started more than two thousand years ago on 15 February as a winter festival.

When the Christians came to Britain, they came with a story about a man called Saint Valentine.

He died on 14 February, so the date of the festival changed from 15 to 14 February and the name changed to Saint Valentines Day.

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Saint Valentines Day cards

In the early nineteenth century people started to give Valentines cards to the person they loved on 14 February.

Lent and Easter- Forty days before Easter Sunday called Lent, and they begin on Ash Wednesday. - The day before ash Wednesday is Pancake Day. - Thirty-eight days after Pancake Day is Good Friday. On this day the Romans killed Jesus Christ about two thousand years ago. Christians think that Jesus came back to life two days later, on Easter Sunday.

Easter Day

is the Sunday after the first full moon after the first day of spring (21 March).It is always between 22 March and 25 March.

Easter cards often had baby sheep, rabbits, or chickens on them.

Eggs are very important part of Easter because they mean spring and new life.

On Easter Sunday, people give chocolate Easter eggs as presents. This tradition started in Europe in the early nineteenth century and came to Britain in the 1870s.

Many people eat hot cross buns at Easter.

HALLOWEEN

-Two thousand years ago the pagans celebrated New Year on 1 November.

-Then the Christians came and people celebrated Hallowmas, a three - day festival between 31 October and 2 November.

-31 October was called All Hallows Eve and slowly the name changed to Halloween

-People thought that bad spirits, like ghosts, came in the winter.

-They wanted the bad spirits to go away.

-They made fires and made jack olanterns.

-To keep the bad spirits away people also dressed like witches and ghosts.

Christmas25 December About two thousand years ago, Jesus was born in the town of Bethlehem.- people put Christmas tree inside the house and put colourful decorations on them.They also send cards to friends and family. The cards say Marry Christmas and a Happy New Year or Seasons Greetings.

Children learn about the baby Jesus at school. They do a play about the story and sing Christmas songs. Many people go to church at midnight on Christmas Eve.

Santa brings presents for children during the night.

Children leave a stocking for presents; a drink, a mince pie for Santa; vegetables for his animals.

Boxing Day26 DecemberSaint Stephens Day in Ireland

In the nineteenth century, rich people gave boxes of presents to their workers.

Now we know

That the people of Britain have had festivals for thousands of years:Long ago the sun, the moon, the wind, rain were important in their religions, and they had festivals for them;When Christianity came to Britain, people wanted to keep some of their old festivals and traditions so they brought the religions together;Saint Valentines Day, Easter, Halloween and Christmas are all old festivals that became Christian festivals.The People of Britain have the ancient wonderful traditions .

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Auld Lang SyneSusan BoyleThe Gift, track 92010Classical164971.55eng - YEAR: 2010