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    Migrating out of Poverty Page 1

    REGIONAL MEETING ON MIGRATING OUT OF POVERTY

    Regional Meeting for Partners

    DRAFT REPORT

    African Migration and Development Policy Centre

    (AMADPOC)

    FAIRVIEW HOTEL, NAIROBI, KENYA

    27-28 JANUARY 2011

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    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    Acronyms and Abbreviations..3

    Welcoming Remarks and Introductions4

    Project Background AMAPOC Perspective......4

    Opening remarks..4

    MOP Regional Partners contribution. ...5

    Boundary Partners session....xx

    RPC Meeting Summery xx

    Participants Registration Listxx

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    Acronyms and Abbreviations

    AERC African Economic Research Consortium

    APC

    AMADPOC African Migration and Development Policy CenterAU African Union

    BPs Boundary Partners

    DFID Department for International Development - UK

    DRC Development Research Center

    EAC East African Community

    EU European Union

    GDNET Global Development Network

    GHA Greater Horn of Africa

    GLR Great Lakes Region

    IDP Internally Displaced Persons

    IDRC International Development Research CenterIFRA French Institute for research in Africa

    IGAD Inter-Governmental Authority on Development

    IHEs Institutes of Higher Education

    ILO International Labour Organization

    IOM International Organization for Migration

    KNBS Kenya National Bureau of Statistics

    KWP Kenya Women Parliamentarians

    M&E Monitoring and Evaluation

    M-PESA Safaricom Money Transfer service

    MOP Migrating Out of Poverty

    MOFA Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    NCAPD National Co-ordinating Agency for Population and

    Development

    RPC Research Program Consortium

    UNDP United Nations Development Programme

    UNFPA United Nations Population Fund

    UN HABITAT United Nations Agency for Human Settlement

    UK United Kingdom

    USA United States of America

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    Session: Introduction and Briefing

    Chairman: Dr. Alfred A. Otieno, University of Nairobi

    (i) Welcoming Remarks: Prof. John Oucho

    The meeting opened at 09.30 hours with a welcome from the convener Prof. Oucho from AMADPOC. The meetingwas introduced as an initiative of the Research Programme Consortium with the Programme being housed at the

    University of Sussex. AMADPOC is a Core Partner in the project and works in conjunction with the associate

    partners who will carry out the research after consultations with boundary partners; who will assist in the

    identification of the knowledge gaps that are required to be filled to influence policy on migration.

    Prof. Oucho, further gave a short brief on AMADPOC. The centre was registered in 2008. In 2009, it held a Needs

    Assessment meeting that was attended by academics and policy makers and Government departments whose works

    touch on migration issues. He emphasized the need for a close relationship between researchers and stakeholders for

    the research findings to have a bearing on influencing future policy on migration in the Greater Horn of Africa

    (GHA).

    He pointed out that the region is lagging behind in migration research, unlike the other regions (such as, West Africaand Southern Africa) covered under the programme. To that end, this is an opportunity to use this programme as a

    launch pad for migration research in the region. It was noted that the meeting would serve as forum for networking

    and comparing notes. Prof Oucho was grateful for support of development partner such as IOM.

    (ii) Remarks by Research Manager: Dr. Priya Desingkar (RPC Secretariat, University of Sussex, UK)

    Dr. Desingkar made her remarks by introducing Migrating Out of Poverty Project as a unique opportunity to focus

    on migration in development and also to find compelling evidence on internal and cross border migration. She

    implored that there is a tendency to always put more emphasis on South to North migration and, hence most of the

    funding goes toward this. She noted that this was a major project globally; and, that Migrating Out of Poverty

    project had emerged out of the work done for the DRC SE Asia studies, that focused on migration for development.

    Priya concluded her introductory remarks by saying that Migrating out of Poverty was in its inception year; and

    intimated that in the next five years, more researches would be forthcoming. She appealed to the partners to take the

    prevailing openings as a unique opportunity to have migration issues viewed on a regional perspective.

    Session 1: Acquainting Participants with the MOP Programme

    Chairman: Prof. John O. Oucho

    Presenter: Dr. Priya Desingkar, University of Sussex, UK

    This session informed on the review of evolution of the Research Programme Consortium (RPC) on Migrating Out

    of Poverty involving institutions in the United Kingdom, Africa and Asia; focus ing on three themes: (i) Drivers, (ii)

    Impact and (iii) Policy; and encouraging the involvement of Associate Partners, Boundary Partners and other

    stakeholders. The programme aims to approach the research evidence uncovered in this project as a policy guideline

    for boundary partners and not as a purely academic exercise.

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    It is designed to place emphasis on Migration of the poor. And more so internal and external (cross border)

    migration in the GHA as this area is under researched.

    AMADPOC will work in tandem with several migration centers of research globally, namely:

    Africa Center for Migration and SocietyUniversity of Witwatersrand South Africa Refugee and Migratory movements research programmeDhaka University , Bangladesh Center for migration studiesUniversity of Ghana Asia Research instituteUniversity of Singapore Sussex center for Migration ResearchUniversity of Sussex.

    Four research themes will be covered, namely:

    Drivers of Migration: On a Micro and Macro level coordinated by the University of Oxford, a partner of the

    University of Sussex center for migration research.

    Migration Impacts: Clearing the confusion that exists at policy level and synthesize the available evidence.

    Migration Policy: Various Policies that touch on migration, Rural Development Policy, Urban developmentpolicy, how different sectors impact on migration policy.

    Migration Data: Global Origin database, Internal Migration databases, Remittances.

    Cross cutting themes include: Capacity Building; Gender Mainstreaming and; Communications This project

    envisages the following outputs: (i) Evidence based papers (ii) What we know and dont know (iii) Identification of

    knowledge gaps.

    Methodology Paper: This is aimed at outlining the technical approach to fill the gaps. The approaches will include:

    The Conventional Approach: Some of the examples used are the Log Frame and Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E)

    Outcome mapping approach: This approach recognizes that policy change is not linear but will depend on attitudeand behavior. Using this approach, one could work backwards from the anticipated change, thereby reflecting on the

    Theory of Change.

    The MOP project will enhance the articulation of migration policies, such as, rural development and health policies.

    In addition there will be clarity and emphasis on internal migration researches, constructing databases on

    remittances, and a catalogue on the allocation of the information.

    In the area of capacity building, MOP project proposes a need for baseline research on capacity building,

    particularly to establish the existing capacity as this would enhance the better communication of research findings to

    policy makers. it was noted that research has to be demand driven by the stakeholders such as NGOs, media and

    policy makers.

    The dissemination of findings would be through: Journals; iPod casts; bulletins etc.

    Plenary Discussions: The following points were raised by the Plenary:

    How does one link the Stakeholders and the researchers? The response is to: (i) Bring on board a skill set to enable

    effective communications (ii) Engage a communications manager (iii) ensure that that capacity building is an on-

    going activity to update and focus on appropriate communication skills and (iii) build capacity through training of

    researchers to develop the communications skills.

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    The need for RPC to support the communication function was emphasized. Proposals inluded amongst others: (i)

    Building the capacity of researchers in communicating research to policy makers, (ii) training of journalists in

    reporting migration issues so as to avoid distortion of issues,

    It was acknowledged that there is usually a strong mind-set on certain positions by researchers, requiring

    appropriate communication mechanism in order to effectively reach out to policy makers. An example given was

    that there is a disconnect in the area of internal migration whereby policy makers do not realize the relationshipbetween overcrowding of cities and rural urban mobility. A balanced view of migration is therefore required.

    It was proposed that capacity building could include short courses for researchers, facilitated by journalists.

    Emphasis wa