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    Migrating out of Poverty Page 1

    REGIONAL MEETING ON MIGRATING OUT OF POVERTY

    Regional Meeting for Partners

    DRAFT REPORT

    African Migration and Development Policy Centre

    (AMADPOC)

    FAIRVIEW HOTEL, NAIROBI, KENYA

    27-28 JANUARY 2011

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    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    Acronyms and Abbreviations..3

    Welcoming Remarks and Introductions4

    Project Background AMAPOC Perspective......4

    Opening remarks..4

    MOP Regional Partners contribution. ...5

    Boundary Partners session....xx

    RPC Meeting Summery xx

    Participants Registration Listxx

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    Acronyms and Abbreviations

    AERC African Economic Research Consortium

    APC

    AMADPOC African Migration and Development Policy CenterAU African Union

    BPs Boundary Partners

    DFID Department for International Development - UK

    DRC Development Research Center

    EAC East African Community

    EU European Union

    GDNET Global Development Network

    GHA Greater Horn of Africa

    GLR Great Lakes Region

    IDP Internally Displaced Persons

    IDRC International Development Research CenterIFRA French Institute for research in Africa

    IGAD Inter-Governmental Authority on Development

    IHEs Institutes of Higher Education

    ILO International Labour Organization

    IOM International Organization for Migration

    KNBS Kenya National Bureau of Statistics

    KWP Kenya Women Parliamentarians

    M&E Monitoring and Evaluation

    M-PESA Safaricom Money Transfer service

    MOP Migrating Out of Poverty

    MOFA Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    NCAPD National Co-ordinating Agency for Population and

    Development

    RPC Research Program Consortium

    UNDP United Nations Development Programme

    UNFPA United Nations Population Fund

    UN HABITAT United Nations Agency for Human Settlement

    UK United Kingdom

    USA United States of America

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    Session: Introduction and Briefing

    Chairman: Dr. Alfred A. Otieno, University of Nairobi

    (i) Welcoming Remarks: Prof. John Oucho

    The meeting opened at 09.30 hours with a welcome from the convener Prof. Oucho from AMADPOC. The meetingwas introduced as an initiative of the Research Programme Consortium with the Programme being housed at the

    University of Sussex. AMADPOC is a Core Partner in the project and works in conjunction with the associate

    partners who will carry out the research after consultations with boundary partners; who will assist in the

    identification of the knowledge gaps that are required to be filled to influence policy on migration.

    Prof. Oucho, further gave a short brief on AMADPOC. The centre was registered in 2008. In 2009, it held a Needs

    Assessment meeting that was attended by academics and policy makers and Government departments whose works

    touch on migration issues. He emphasized the need for a close relationship between researchers and stakeholders for

    the research findings to have a bearing on influencing future policy on migration in the Greater Horn of Africa

    (GHA).

    He pointed out that the region is lagging behind in migration research, unlike the other regions (such as, West Africaand Southern Africa) covered under the programme. To that end, this is an opportunity to use this programme as a

    launch pad for migration research in the region. It was noted that the meeting would serve as forum for networking

    and comparing notes. Prof Oucho was grateful for support of development partner such as IOM.

    (ii) Remarks by Research Manager: Dr. Priya Desingkar (RPC Secretariat, University of Sussex, UK)

    Dr. Desingkar made her remarks by introducing Migrating Out of Poverty Project as a unique opportunity to focus

    on migration in development and also to find compelling evidence on internal and cross border migration. She

    implored that there is a tendency to always put more emphasis on South to North migration and, hence most of the

    funding goes toward this. She noted that this was a major project globally; and, that Migrating Out of Poverty

    project had emerged out of the work done for the DRC SE Asia studies, that focused on migration for development.

    Priya concluded her introductory remarks by saying that Migrating out of Poverty was in its inception year; and

    intimated that in the next five years, more researches would be forthcoming. She appealed to the partners to take the

    prevailing openings as a unique opportunity to have migration issues viewed on a regional perspective.

    Session 1: Acquainting Participants with the MOP Programme

    Chairman: Prof. John O. Oucho

    Presenter: Dr. Priya Desingkar, University of Sussex, UK

    This session informed on the review of evolution of the Research Programme Consortium (RPC) on Migrating Out

    of Poverty involving institutions in the United Kingdom, Africa and Asia; focus ing on three themes: (i) Drivers, (ii)

    Impact and (iii) Policy; and encouraging the involvement of Associate Partners, Boundary Partners and other

    stakeholders. The programme aims to approach the research evidence uncovered in this project as a policy guideline

    for boundary partners and not as a purely academic exercise.

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    It is designed to place emphasis on Migration of the poor. And more so internal and external (cross border)

    migration in the GHA as this area is under researched.

    AMADPOC will work in tandem with several migration centers of research globally, namely:

    Africa Center for Migration and SocietyUniversity of Witwatersrand South Africa Refugee and Migratory movements research programmeDhaka University , Bangladesh Center for migration studiesUniversity of Ghana Asia Research instituteUniversity of Singapore Sussex center for Migration ResearchUniversity of Sussex.

    Four research themes will be covered, namely:

    Drivers of Migration: On a Micro and Macro level coordinated by the University of Oxford, a partner of the

    University of Sussex center for migration research.

    Migration Impacts: Clearing the confusion that exists at policy level and synthesize the available evidence.

    Migration Policy: Various Policies that touch on migration, Rural Development Policy, Urban developmentpolicy, how different sectors impact on migration policy.

    Migration Data: Global Origin database, Internal Migration databases, Remittances.

    Cross cutting themes include: Capacity Building; Gender Mainstreaming and; Communications This project

    envisages the following outputs: (i) Evidence based papers (ii) What we know and dont know (iii) Identification of

    knowledge gaps.

    Methodology Paper: This is aimed at outlining the technical approach to fill the gaps. The approaches will include:

    The Conventional Approach: Some of the examples used are the Log Frame and Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E)

    Outcome mapping approach: This approach recognizes that policy change is not linear but will depend on attitudeand behavior. Using this approach, one could work backwards from the anticipated change, thereby reflecting on the

    Theory of Change.

    The MOP project will enhance the articulation of migration policies, such as, rural development and health policies.

    In addition there will be clarity and emphasis on internal migration researches, constructing databases on

    remittances, and a catalogue on the allocation of the information.

    In the area of capacity building, MOP project proposes a need for baseline research on capacity building,

    particularly to establish the existing capacity as this would enhance the better communication of research findings to

    policy makers. it was noted that research has to be demand driven by the stakeholders such as NGOs, media and

    policy makers.

    The dissemination of findings would be through: Journals; iPod casts; bulletins etc.

    Plenary Discussions: The following points were raised by the Plenary:

    How does one link the Stakeholders and the researchers? The response is to: (i) Bring on board a skill set to enable

    effective communications (ii) Engage a communications manager (iii) ensure that that capacity building is an on-

    going activity to update and focus on appropriate communication skills and (iii) build capacity through training of

    researchers to develop the communications skills.

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    The need for RPC to support the communication function was emphasized. Proposals inluded amongst others: (i)

    Building the capacity of researchers in communicating research to policy makers, (ii) training of journalists in

    reporting migration issues so as to avoid distortion of issues,

    It was acknowledged that there is usually a strong mind-set on certain positions by researchers, requiring

    appropriate communication mechanism in order to effectively reach out to policy makers. An example given was

    that there is a disconnect in the area of internal migration whereby policy makers do not realize the relationshipbetween overcrowding of cities and rural urban mobility. A balanced view of migration is therefore required.

    It was proposed that capacity building could include short courses for researchers, facilitated by journalists.

    Emphasis was placed on packaging the message appropriately and sent using the right channels.

    An inquiry was raised into the appropriate ways to access the data. It was clarified that the RPC approach is open

    access to the data, as it is meant to help researchers, policy makers and other stakeholders. A researcher can access

    the data and modify it to suit his/her own requirement.

    It was noted that that much as there is a lot of data, with links such as Google, Migration DRC, and Migration Policy

    Institute, Washington, there are questions on how the data was collected.

    National Migration Surveys were proposed in the same way as Demographic Health Surveys, also indicated was the

    need to assess cross-border migration data.

    Other Points raised were:

    1. There is a need for Migration Data Management Information Systems to be in place to support policyissues on migration. Also suggested was a need to collect data on transportation systems and their impact

    on migration in the region.

    2. There is a misconception that migration has been taking place only in the post independence period. It wasargued that migration streams can be subdivided into: pre-colonial period, colonial period/pre-

    independence period, and post colonial period. Participants were challenged to think more broadly on what

    can be learned from these periods, in so far as conflict management and conflict prevention are concerned.

    3. Contemporary issues in migration, such as IDPs, Environmental factors and others can also be studied, asin most circumstances they are under care of friendly hosts. However, researchers can take note of

    permanent migration, for instance, at the Coastal region of Kenya where there is a large community from

    Malawi. Historical aspects of migrants (e.g. Sudanese migrants in the Horn of Africa) are also an

    interesting area of study, whereby longitudinal studies can be most informative.

    4. The AfricaCaribbean- Pacific (APC) group has set up a migration observatory to study the migration bydifferent thematic areas. In Africa, five pilot countries are involved where information is collected by

    thematic area. To this end, IOM and AMADPOC could work together. IOM is also involved in capacity

    building, collecting right information, and communicating it to the right people.

    5. A participant from IGAD noted that the MOP project was timely, as it is directly lies at the heart of IGADconcerns. Much of the emigration from African countries, follow a certain distinct pattern, influenced by

    the colonial powers from countries, such as France, Germany, Spain, Portugal, and UK. Wars and conflicts

    have also created a mark in the forms of mobility in Africa. IGAD will shortly be the first regional body of

    partner states to develop a migration policy framework for the region, thus recognizing the importance of

    migration to policy makers.

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    6. Participants enquired on research focusing on NorthSouth and SouthNorth migration patterns and it wasclarified that cross- border migration within GHA and internal migration in the individual countries are

    important areas of focus in this research and not North-South Migration. Researchers were urged to think

    broadly on migration issues for example What were the migration drivers of Migration? Was it poverty?

    Recognition, social or what factors? It was argued that in addressing and understanding the underlying

    drivers of migration, it would be easier to address issues of poverty.

    7. The meeting was urged not to confuse migration drivers by attributing migration only to poverty or equalityin the distribution of resources. It was noted that Botswana experiences internal migration from rural areas

    and migration to Botswana from other African countries. There are also incidences of post-Apartheid

    migration from the republic of South Africa to Tanzania and Zambia for minerals and commercial

    agriculture.

    8. The importance of studying migration, particularly internal migration was emphasized. Taking the exampleof Sudan, the point made was that there has been internal mobility from the North to the South, particularly

    after the signing of the Comprehensive Peace agreement (CPA), and currently, after the Jan. 9 th 2011

    referendum, for the independence of south Sudan from the Khartoum Government. Nonetheless, there are

    data concerns. In situations of forced migration, most countries do not have fall-back strategies. More so,

    forced migration calls for the preparedness of a country to receive migrants.

    9. One participant enquired whether MOP project will cover areas of uncertainty as in Africa, election periodsare often unstable. What other issues have been raised as a result of forced migration? It was noted that

    migration has been displaced by local/regional researchers in demography as a topic of less interest, there is

    less funding of research in migration despite the fact that impacts of migration are being greatly felt in

    different circumstances, e.g. floods and drought. He wondered whether in the region there existed the

    capacity to research the impacts of migration. He suggested a need to commission a study on migration and

    conflict.

    10. In her response Dr. Priya from the RPC Secretariat though in agreement with the concerns, poisedquestions such as: Do we have any evidence?Is there any data? Is there a need for case studies? How do

    we prioritize the research? She suggested the following: researchers must first list the areas of concern, and,

    for example, take note of political uncertainty as a driver of migration. It is also important to map the

    movements before, at and after elections. IDP case studies can form a part of this.

    There is also need for rapid assessment by developing a policy tool kit. This would enable a researcher or

    policy maker identify the number of people working in an institution by age, sex, level of education and

    profession and ensure that research is demand driven.

    Session II: Orientation of Migration Stakeholders in the GHA Region

    Topic: AMADPOC Presentation: Spearheading the MOP project in GHA

    Chair: Mr. Isaac Munyae (IOM Nairobi)

    Presenter: Prof. John O. Oucho (AMADPOC)

    This session captures a presentation on evolution and mandate of the African Migration and Development Policy

    Centre (AMADPOC) in the Greater Horn of Africa (GHA) as: a bridge linking research to policy, as training

    institution for various stakeholders, a convener of policy dialogue to facilitate networking and a repository of

    resources on migration and development; fulfilling recommendation of its inaugural activity - Needs

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    Assessment Seminar on Migration and Development Challenges in the Greater Horn of Africa (March 2009); and

    involvement in the RPC as the bridge between it and GHA-based partners and stakeholders.

    The presenter indicated that in order to make more meaning out of policies and to encourage adherence to them, the

    following was proposed:

    Signing, ratification and implementation. Formation of assemblies that are not only confined to members, but include other professionals as

    well.

    Introduction of National Migration Surveys. Articulation of the rights of IDPs, by establishing whetherall IDPs legitimate. Sensitization of the stakeholders on the migration of the vulnerable. Appreciating return migration/labour migrants by putting in place a database to show the skills

    available among the Diaspora and local labour, as this would refocus migration policy direction.

    Draft a migration policy as a starting point, but which can be improved on.

    Plenary Discussion

    The Chairman opened the plenary discussion by noting that migration policy has been affected by the following

    challenges:

    Signing of international conventions in spite of there being a weakness on how to domesticate them. Lack of understanding of dynamics of migration issues before signing. Limited information on internal migration. Trafficking of human beings has not been well understood, and; the dynamics of trafficking. It was

    thought that sensitization is required on this subject.

    Is the Ministry of Labour concerned with the absorption of the trafficked persons into the labourmarket? On the subject of Return Migration, doubt was expressed on the existence of policy duration. Although migration data is being collected, there is a need to define migration parameters to guide

    Kenya and the GHA region. A database should be provided availing data on demand with available

    information on the Diaspora, as they are critical in providing skills

    Lack of avenues to influence policy.The participant from UN Habitat stated the major areas of UN Habitat focus, namely: (i) Human Settlements

    Programme (ii) Habitat Agendas (iii) Millennium Development Goals. It was indicated that migration is seen as

    being silent at UN Habitat, and has been relegated to a side issue. Migration is seen as an appendix to fertility he

    pointed out areas in which Habitat can support migration research as:

    Slums and non-slum settlements (Internal Migration); migration should be viewed as an aspect ofdevelopment.

    Historical and contemporary migration trends. Migration and the Environment, in which migration is viewed as impacting on climate change . How do researchers communicate their findings? He also emphasized the importance of how the

    research evidence is communicated.

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    He further mentioned that UN Habitat has a database on urban centers and cities, but have none on the rural setup.

    He wondered why urban slums have not been viewed as a consequence of migration. And advised that in the case of

    IDPs researchers should have mechanisms to handle cases that are not genuine.

    In giving insights into the working protocols of UN Habitat, it was explained that the organization is governed by:

    (i) The Habitat Agenda (ii) Millennium Development Goals (iii) Global urban observatory. He stressed the need tounderstand the National Adaptation Plans on migration issues and advised that this could be re-looked at by

    referring to the mechanisms that West Africa uses.

    It was suggested that a study on Migration as it contributes to climate change through settlement and environmental

    degradation could be carried out. Within IGAD it was learnt that migration is not a silent subject as diverse

    migration issues are covered. However, the challenge is, Who is coordinating and operationalizing the findings in

    the IGAD framework?

    As for Uganda, it was an observation from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs that they would want the relationship

    between policies and data. This would enable them to identify policies affecting migration, and understand the

    interface between data generators and users. He equally intimated that they would want to see how policies are

    shaped by research, particularly policy related data. In this case therefore, they would establish which policies affectmigration, thereby establish the interface between data generators and users?

    Researchers should work for the de-stigmatization of migration as it contributes to human capital in globalization,

    and by extension, the contribution of migrants in regional integration. It was suggested that there is a need for

    actualizing regional protocols while undertaking ratification, it was essential to do a cost benefit analysis of

    migrants. He also advocated for need to study seriously, return migrants. For instance in Liberia, the land cases

    among the returnees and stayees.

    The RPC response to the issues raised was that it is the hope of MOP project that researchers examine requirement

    of other agencies and establish databases on internal migration by undertaking urban inequity surveys by various

    cities for the purposes of establishing where slums exist. This data would be essential to both researchers/teachers

    and students.

    It was agreed that there is need for a continuous engagement with all, namely:

    All stakeholders Regional Bodies; there is on-going engagement with IGAD, EAC (parliament), and researchers. It was

    observed that governance was not holistic without incorporating migration issues.

    AU Member states need to take advantage of UN habitatLimitations/challenges, such as complacency amongst some African countries were also noted. Social Remittances

    are plenty but there is no mechanism in place to gather the data. It is noted that the Diaspora are valuable not only

    for remittances but in term of ideas, values and aspirations.

    Session III: MOP Theme 1 - Drivers of Migration

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    Chair: Mr. Isaac Munyae (IOM Nairobi)

    Topic: Drivers of internal and international migration in East Africa

    Presenters: Dr. Alfred A. Otieno and George Odipo (Population Studies and Research Institute, University of

    Nairobi)

    This session captures the presentation on drivers of migration in the East African Community (EAC), reviewing the

    literature to depict the state-of the art and to identify gaps in knowledge that research should fill; providing

    perspectives of both internal and intenational migration in development and poverty reduction discourse; and

    identfying the research areas during the life of the RPC.

    Peer Reviewer: Dr. Gideon Rutaremwa (Makerere)

    The presentation captures the advantages of the East African Market protocol and its advantages. It identifies the

    migration drivers in the region. It is important to understand migration drivers, e.g. land, economy, etc. However of

    importance to the researchers, would be What was decision to migrate informed by existing data.

    Plenary Discussion

    In the plenary discussion the following points on migration within the EAC were noted:

    It was suggested that before undertaking the MOP project, there is need to build consensus on some terminologies.

    The importance of initiating National Migration Surveys was also underscored, as an estimated 300,000 Tanzanians

    migrate internally, verification however, was necessary.

    There would also be a need establish why did different people come to the EAC region? Why did different people

    leave? How long did they stay? What are the geographical patters of migration in the region, particularly, the recent

    migration?

    When studying migration in the EAC, the EU experience regarding migration could offer a reference point in the

    areas of methodology and concept definition. It was also suggested the need to involve policy-makers, and clearlyindicate policy relevance of the study.

    A representative of the British High commission informed the participants that they will be holding an East African

    Community workshop on Migration in March 2011; of which the agenda would touch on sharing data on migration

    issues, and discussions on the wider view of migration in the region, those attending this Partners meeting would be

    invited to attend the workshop.

    Another participant noted that it would be appropriate to expand the scope of involvement of the universities in the

    region. In addition to University of Nairobi (Kenya), Makerere (Uganda) and Dar-es-Salaam (Tanzania), she

    suggested that, Addis Ababa University (Ethiopia) and the University of Eritrea needed to be involved.

    The participant representing IOM (Nairobi) suggested that there is need for the engagement of relevant developmentagencies that deal with migration issues. They should also share data that they have. He further suggested that

    research needs to focus on human smuggling/trafficking, as this would create a better understanding of issues

    surrounding trafficking and generate relevant data for policies to tackle this problem.

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    Session IV: MOP Theme 2Impact of Migration

    Topic: Internal and International Labour migration in Uganda: the contribution of remittances to household

    livelihood.

    Chair: Ms Lily Sanya (IOM/IGAD)

    In introducing the presentation, the chairperson reiterated the importance of recognizing and recording the positive

    impacts of migration as opposed to the negative impacts of migration, as has always been the case.

    Presenter: Dr. Gideon Rutaremwa (Institute of Statistics and Applied Economics, Makerere University)

    This presentation discusses the contribution of remittances to household livelihoods, thereby reducing poverty at

    household and implicitly community levels in Uganda as a case study for research in the rest of the GHA. It also

    reviews the existing literature to depict the state-of the art and identifying gaps in knowledge for research using

    available data to analyze the contribution of both internal and international migration to household livelihood. The

    presentation recognizes that policy has tended to emphasize on the negative rather than the positive aspects of

    migration. However, the attitude has recently improved and it is felt that it is important to also note the positive

    impact of migration.

    Remittances, it is believed, lead to development and improve the lives of the group as a whole and are a core issue

    as migration movement supports the largest international money movement in the world. Negative attitudes are

    leading to the criminalization of migration; a positive portrayal of an aspect of migration, such as the positive impact

    of remittances, will help in opening the minds of our stakeholders to alternate points of view. Five years will be a

    good period in which to synthesize the issues surrounding migration and remittances.

    Peer Reviewer: Dr. Agwanda (University of Nairobi)

    Dr. Agwanda explained that in trying to understand the impacts of remittances, it is important ascertain the source of

    data, and for the purposes of independence of data; not from the Central Bank of Uganda. He too noted that although

    it has always been a custom to criminalize migration, there are positive impacts of migration, such as, remittances,

    which go a long way to improving on health and the general livings standards of the community. Nonetheless, he

    emphasized the need for a secure dataset as the data on remittances is directly relevant to policy generation.

    Plenary Discussions

    Participants from the floor noted that the cost of remittance from North to South is high, and this has led to

    diminishing the value of remittance. There has also been over-glorification of amounts remitted, without taking into

    account the challenges involved in remitting, such an example being the Global Financial Meltdown in the year

    2008. More also needs to be investigated on where the remittances were invested (i.e. consumption or investment)

    with the impacts of remittances not only being investigated at the household level, but also at the community level.

    The researcher would need to investigate the contribution of migrant associations so as to under-pin the impact at

    the community level. It was mentioned that there already exists a World Bank study in Kenya, which could provide

    more insights to this study. It was recommended that a research assistant be involved to undertake a literature

    review, and to include two (2) other countries in the region, thereby giving the research work a wider outlook of the

    GHA.

    Along the same vein, it was suggested that there is need for an Africa Migration Survey. The scope of study needs

    also to be broadened beyond Uganda.

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    Another approach would be an integration of refugees into macro-planning, and as such, a study on their impact in

    the region would be vital as they are a major component of migrants in the GHA.

    It was further noted that since East African countries have unique histories that would bring about a variation in the

    impact of migration in the region. For instance Tanzania (socialism), whereas Kenya and Uganda (capitalism).

    These historical alignments have different contributions to migration phenomenon and impacts.

    Another approach could be to investigate the formal and informal types of financial remittance systems operating in

    the region, such as the Hawalla system (mainly used by the Somali community). It would be imperative to confirm if

    remittance systems contribute significantly in welfare, development and commodities transfers. The different

    transfer systems have varying catchments. For instance, the Diaspora Bank in Ethiopia, although it is formal, it links

    both the Diaspora and their local communities.

    It was clarified that within the GHA the Hawalla system is one area where much has research has been done. A gap

    exists, however on other systems. It was also noted that there is some comparative data available from the Southern

    Africa Migration project, undertaken in Botswana, that gives an indication on the rest of Africa.

    In summary it was noted that as much as the importance of remittances cannot be overemphasized, it was

    acknowledged that the remittance systems need to be researched on and especially their contribution to welfare anddevelopment of the migrant communities, the communities of origin and the destination communities.

    Session IV Contd: MOP Theme 2 Impact of Migration

    Topic: Migration in Search of Excellence: migration and attrition of human resources in African universities:

    governance and staff retention strategies.

    Chair: Lily Sanya (IOM/IGAD)

    Presenter: Prof. Pascal Mihyo (Organization of Social Science Research in Eastern and Southern Africa ,

    Addis Ababa)

    The presentation highlights the erosion of staff in Universities in Africa and seeks to understand the reasons for the

    problem. The presentation also focused the importance of understanding the underlying migration behavior, at the

    individual, household and community levels. It was suggested that there is need to interrogate the funding situation

    in the African universities and for a workable formula to be suggested to the respective governments. It was also

    suggested that although these migrants are a resource to the countries of origin one solution could be to encourage

    the African Universities to produce more quality PhD graduates; as they are the human resource that sustains the

    Universities.

    Plenary Discussions

    In addressing the issue that is popularly referred to as the Brain Drain it was suggested that there is need for more

    integration, amongst universities in Africa. The universities in the region should support each other on manpower. It

    was observed that most of the staff trained outside the countries, particularly, those trained in the developed world,

    are never keen to come back. Thus, those who come back should be supported so that they stay.

    In response to this comment, the presenter mentioned that it seems that one area of blame lies with African societies,

    that seem to train people to leave. There is also the risk of training for irrelevance in specialization. It is

    acknowledged that there are patterns of migration in the region that need to be studied in relation to this problem,

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    such as point to point migration, that is, migration from smaller cities to larger cities, and from one country to

    another. This would give a more conclusive picture as to whether or not attitudes have created an internal brain drain

    that feeds the external brain drain.

    One course of action could be for the universities to partner with the development partners in coming up with

    strategies of providing support in training, particularly, at PhD levels. A lack of sufficient resources for training was

    noted with the result being that what was available enabled support up to master level, but not PhD level. Heobserved that, regional recruitment of University staff often takes into account certain considerations, such as: where

    did you study (i.e. region and university)? that do limit the opportunities of getting the required man power for the

    universities.

    An analysis of academic staff in Kenya in the press recently noted that the University of Nairobi had a large number

    of professors, while other universities have very few. This observation brought into question how, if at all, do the

    development partners contribute to producing excellence? It was agreed that research evidence could give more

    insight as why there is low investment in this area, and how the perceived quality of education achieved affects the

    available opportunities?

    Other points reiterating the impact of brain drain observed that the dynamism of migration is not well understood.

    For instance, when a people migrate, what were the push factors? More so, the timing of migration by countries;Age migration schedule versus non-migrants; the education/qualification at migration; jobs for which emigrants are

    trained, and, as they work in other countries, are they performing what they are trained for or is it a brain waste?

    There is need for a Human Resource Inventory/database, this is important for employment policy, as certain age

    groups can only work in certain areas (urban or rural).

    It was also observed that with Youth Labour Export Programmes, there exists a deliberate policy to send out

    migrants to find work but there exists no policy to re-integrate. This brings to mind the retention factors. Is it

    income or employment terms satisfaction?

    SESSION V: MOP Theme 3Migration Policy

    Chair: Ms. Fathia Alwan (IGAD)

    Topic 1: Broad policy concerns regarding migration in the Great Lakes region of Africa

    Presenter: Dr. Khoti Kamanga (University of Dar-es-Salaam)

    Peer Reviewer: Prof. Paschal Mihyo (OSSREA)

    The presentation covered, the nature and significance of policy documents, the character and scope of policy on

    migration, policy implications and gaps and challenges.

    Peer Review

    Professor Mihyo noted that research in the field of migration policy should focus on the functions of migration

    policy.

    Plenary Discussions

    While members agreed that policy can be an instrument for socialization, the research on migration policy needed to

    establish whether the existing policies encourage hospitality or hostility. It was further agreed that a policy can be a

    sword or a shield, whereby the policy can encourage integration or act as tool to alienation migrants.

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    More interrogation on the appropriateness of policy would be welcome, such that it would be plausible to establish

    how legitimate a policy is; because a policy could be consultative, comprehensive or consolidative. Hence, it was

    suggested that the research establishes whether the policy was facilitative or obstructive. For instance, refugee

    policies usually advocate for the settlement of refugees in the remote rural areas, does this enable any contribution to

    the host country?

    It was also observed that a policy could also be flexible or/and rigid. More needed to be understood about howforward looking is the policy? Thus, there is need to ensure that there is a mechanism of linking policy to

    development (i.e. interrogating policy output). In addition, the research on policy needs to establish who the major

    stakeholders on policy issues in the region, as their involvement at research planning through advocacy would be

    productive. Thereafter, the research needs to undertake a policy analysis to establish the cost-benefit of the policy.

    Overall, it would be important to engage in policy areas that have a bearing on migration.

    SESSION VI: Communication of Research findings to stakeholders

    Topic: AMADPOC Communication Strategy

    Reviewer: Dr. Priya Deshingkar (MOP/RPC Secretariat)

    Presenter: Rosemary Barasa

    The presentation took the approach that after the research has been carried out how does one effectivly communicate

    the findings so as to influence policy on migrants.

    Peer Review

    Dr. Priya from RPC stated that when engaging policy makers on research evidence, DFID, initially adopted what

    was known as a dissemination strategy with the implication being a one way flow of information. This has since

    changed and currently, DFID has embraced a communication strategy to avoid a situation of information not being

    used to drive policy.

    She mentioned that for this project , AMADPOCs communication strategy proposals are acceptable, except: (i) need

    to build capacity in house in the area of research methodology (ii) Avoid outsourcing.

    A Web Master is a good idea, and a graphics designer may also be necessary.

    Plenary discussions

    Members stated that having a communication strategy is important because the strategy will enable us understand

    who are we talking to and how we are talking to them. It is also valuable in being able to identify the stakeholders

    and how best to reach them, using a stakeholders analysis so as to positively influence policy affecting migrants and

    their communities.

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    Population Studies and Research Institute (PSRI) informed the participants that National Coordinating Agency for

    Population and Development (NCAPD) houses a media group that reports on population issues. Thus, it can be

    approached to assist in the dissemination of information. It was felt that this was an opportunity that could be tapped

    by AMADPOC, since UNFPA supports NCAPD. In addition, UNFPA gives support to the following institutions,

    which could also provide valuable support on communication issues, namely:

    Kenya Media Network for Population and Development, which provides links to media houses; Parliament Network for Population and Development, which is responsible for population issues and policy Kenya Women Parliamentarians

    These institutions can be approached and would be valuable in disseminating findings with a view to influencing

    policy.

    SESSION VII: Influencing Sponsorship and utilization of Research Products

    Chair: Gideon Rutaremwa (Makerere University)

    Topic: Views of Boundary Partners: Governments, and Research Funders

    Presenters: Ministry of Foreign Affairs(Uganda)

    National Bureau of Statistics - (Kenya)

    Intergovernmental Authority on Development(IGAD)

    International Organization for Migration (IOM)

    United Nations Population Fund(UNFPA)

    Cross cutting theme presentation (Women in Migration)

    Population Studies and Research Institute (University of Nairobi)

    The invited Boundary Partners presented their reactions to the Migrating Out ofPoverty project as envisaged; their

    wish list of important research areas; prospects for collaboration with AMADPOC in the RPC; comments of what

    more the project could embrace or refine to address MDGs, Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs), national

    Visions of GHA countries, etc. and support as well as resource mobilisation for research, training and capacity

    building, policy dialogue and networking and accessing available resources in migration and development.

    Presenter 1: Roby Odyeny Ocen , Department of Diaspora Services Uganda Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    The presenter challenged the participants to be thorough on gathering data on migration; ranging from drivers,

    impacts throughpolicy, by posing a question, How do you tap in the Diaspora for development and reduce

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    poverty? he indicated that there was a workshop in the UK at the end of 2010 on the same, particular, targeting the

    Diaspora from Uganda. AMADPOC indicated a need to study the report as it would help channel the findings into

    development.

    The following areas for research were proposed:

    Migration within the cattle corridor in Uganda. I Particular three groups of people:

    Karamajong GroupN.E. of Uganda. Populations in the middle part of Uganda, that is, those displaced by government policy to create national

    parks and who then moved into Congo, and have since come back raising the question on how to settle

    them as they are now described as internally displaced.

    The Balala People, a migratory group (pastoralists), whose origin is unknown. They need to be studied toestablish their migration drivers, impact and therefore a migration policy on how to manage them. There is

    also the pastoralist group, such as the Ankole for whom there is lack of a policy on settlement. South West

    of Uganda has people who were also migratory but have settled down. This is proposed as a case study for

    replication on policy to help others on development.

    Equally important are the Diaspora in the UK and USA who want to know what is being done in Uganda. They are

    interested in building capacity, but as yet, the migration information that can be of use to them has not been

    documented. This was proposed as an area of research AMADPOC can take up.

    Comments

    The participants were informed that the oil discovery in Western Uganda has triggered migration and land grabbing,thus there is a need to study: (i) Development issues (ii) Policy issues (iii) Poverty issues. It was noted that most of

    those affected are the pastoral communities in Western Uganda, particularly, the Ankole Zone.

    There is also the issue of the gazettement of Lake Bura National Park for settlement the Kabale settlement, near

    Kasese.

    Parallels were drawn between what is going on in Uganda the case of the Bachana in Botswana, who were moved

    to pave way for diamond mining. It can also be related to the effects of the Ujamaa movement in Tanzania. Thus, it

    was suggested that the researchers working on drivers of migration to work with Ugandans for more insights.

    Members observed that Migrating out of Poverty was a timely project to assist in studying the migration patterns in

    targeted areas, It was noted that in the process of migrating, there are situations where one would, either migrate out

    of poverty, or migrate into poverty or migrate with poverty.

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    In Summary the presentation proposed the following as areas of research

    The pastoralists need to be enabled to settle, as it will enable them make use of their resources better. They willlive harmoniously and peacefully with their neighbors.

    Policy issues on migration need to be reviewed. For instance, policy on education and land. Oil policy: the policies on oil should not lead to poverty Uganda Diaspora in U.S.A. has reorganized; they only needed government recognition. They can be identified

    as a forum for dialogue.

    An organization of Uganda Diaspora in Europe was established. There is a need to research more about them,and tap on their resources.

    Comments

    While inquiring on whether or not settlement would infringe on the rights of pastoralists, it was noted that

    sometimes migration leads to misery, an example being, the unskilled labour-force in the Middle East countries

    whose migration is sometimes equated to human trafficking. They have encountered terrible mistreatment, leading

    to some dying mysteriously. Thus, there is need to streamline migration systems by ensuring that there are

    regulations/guidelines for migration. Migrants need to register, followed with streamlining of all jobs with the

    Labour Ministry in Kenya and Ethiopia.

    Session VII:

    Presenter 2:Andrew A. Imbwaga from Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS)

    The Kenya National Bureau of Statistics has been collecting data in Kenya which is useful in understanding

    migration dynamics. An example is the Kenya Integrated Households Budget Survey (2006), and the Kenya

    Population and Housing Census (2009), among other censuses, such as the 1989 and 1999, that all had useful data

    on migration. However, he indicated that apart from the 2009 census data that collected data on emigrants, the

    earlier censuses fell short of that. He also informed the participants that the analysis of the data is yet to be

    completed and that AMADPOC could partner with the bureau to complete this task.

    Plenary Discussion

    It mentioned that there has been a concern on the inputs, particularly, on the areas of origin among pastoralists. It

    has often been difficult to collect data in hardship areas. Thus, there is need to do case studies on circulatory

    mobility, particularly in drought areas because some of the movements are triggered by poverty

    In expanding on the data collected on emigrants, a participant inquired whether KNBS has any strategy to reach the

    diaspora and inquire more about them. The presenter indicated that although emigration data was collected during

    the 2009 Kenya Census, it is yet to be analyzed. He also mentioned that the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA),

    Kenya, had requested KNBS to develop a questionnaire that it could use to follow-up on the Kenyan diaspora

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    community in U.S.A. The questionnaire would incorporate questions to track changes in life and whether there

    were any remittances, how remittances are used, etc.

    Another participant concurred with the presenter, and mentioned that ideally MOFA uses their foreign missions to

    collect data on Diaspora; and that it was a good idea that KNBS had been requested to partake in data collection on

    Diaspora issues. Ms. Linda Oucho informed that on the Kenyan perspective, Kenyas High Commission in the UK

    has in the past worked closely with Diaspora associations.

    AMADPOC indicated that it would be a good idea to make use of professionals in the technical aspects, such as, in

    demographic accounting. This would be lifting standards for authentification. By and large, the administrative units

    should be considered in such assignment.

    Presenter 3: Fathia Alwan from IGAD

    Fathia gave a historical perspective of IGAD. She explained that, at the inception of IGAD, it was intended to

    address climate issues. However, currently it is interested in migration issues. More so, IGAD has preference on

    regional institution such as AMADPOC that it can partner with in addressing the GHAs migration systems. She

    indicated that the partnership with AMADPOC had just started, i.e. was still in its infancy. She informed the

    participants that IGADs migration policy framework was being worked on, and expressed IGADs to provide

    financial support on matters that are geared towards supporting the GHA region.

    Presenter 4: Lily Sanya from IOM

    In her remarks, Lily indicated that IOM contributes to migratin studies through the following:

    Usually partners and is willing to work with institutions in the region on migration issues; Conducts researches; Works with countries in the region on migration policies; Is ready to work/partner with AMADPOC whenever requested to.

    Presenter 5: Ezekiel Ngure from UNFPA

    He mentioned that holding the Regional Meeting was a good start to be exploited. He indicated that UNFPA is

    mandated to deal with matters on population, and that currently it is focused to working on the following broad

    areas: (i) Population and Development (ii) Gender (iii) Reproductive Health

    He mentioned that UNFPA could work with AMADPOC in the area of migration impact, particular among the

    migrants. Assist in the area of data collection (migration data); migration data Analysis. UNFPA also works with

    KNBS in Rapid Assessment, and provides technical assistance.

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    Comments

    A participant indicated that there is need for advocacy on migration issues to start; whereby, African Economic

    Consortium could be engaged.Mr. Ngure indicated that UNFPA is more interested on Migration and Development,

    and they are open and looking for available opportunities. He also noted that as MOP project is undertaken, the

    impacts of migration, particular at origin need to be addressed. More so, the existing policies, it would be

    appropriate to gauge their relevance. In addition, the participants noted a need for monitoring and evaluation of

    migration programmes

    In researching on impact of remittances, there is need to investigate: the value and volume; frequency of remittance,

    and; patterns of remittance. More so, remittances as safety nets, would best be understood with availability of data,

    and the economic dimension of remittances.

    Plenary Discussions

    It was noted that IGAD has Warning System, IGAAD C1. This is used for disasters and drought management.

    Equally for monitoring migrants, as people migrate, wherever they are there is need for a bonding unity.

    The participants requested UNFPA to contract AMADPOC to work on African Population Reports

    Comments

    The participants made the following comments:

    Integration of population issues was very important. However, it was observed that migration issues arealways ignored, hence, this is a policy concern

    Getting data or Diaspora is difficult e.g. remittances, as most of the Diaspora are invisible for variedreasons

    IGAD Migration Policy Framework development is ongoing There is need to involve interns to work on the research areas. This is a good opportunity to develop

    capacity. For instance, there is need to second interns from AMADPOC to IGAD.

    Need for horizontal arrangements to assist each other (partnership).Other comments :

    Boundary partners should respond to migration issues through AMDPOC An Annual conference on migration should beheld Interns seconded to institution like IGAD and UNFPA Need for active partners Need for agencies meetings for sharing of database and discuss migration issues Mr. Ngure to communicate the Regional meetings proposal to the UNFPA Regional office

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    Presenter 6: Linda Oucho PHD Fellow University of Warwick

    Women in Migration

    The presentation covered Women, Migration and Poverty. Poverty was juxtaposed against the Millennium

    Development Goals and also presented a driver for migration. When addressing the perspective of Women in

    Migration, Linda pointed out a knowledge gap in the impact of Women in Migration as the focus has been on

    remittances from the Diaspora. Various organizations in the Diaspora have tried t bring attention to the issues

    surrounding poverty, their focus however is on highlighting problems that need to be sorted out, and not all of the

    problems deal with poverty.

    Questions were raised on several areas including the awareness of poverty amongst the women migrants, What

    investment initiatives do they undertake? How do they invest remittances or what do they use remittances for? Do

    they know about migration policies and if so what are their opinions on them?

    She recommended several research questions including;

    How poverty affects women in international migration and what they can do about it; What particular areas do women invest in to alleviate poverty? What challenges/barriers do they face that inhibit their efforts? How do they measure the successes of their efforts? What is their perception of the government policies towards poverty reduction? Are they aware? How can women in the Diaspora engage effectively with those back home in development initiatives? What perceptions do spouses or women's relations have on their internal migration and emigration?

    Discussions

    It was noted that little is known on women in migration in so far as their impact on poverty is concerned. Specific

    areas of interest being, What are womens proportion of remittance? This is not known, neither are their perceptions

    on migration issues. What do they know on Migration Policies and what is their adaptation strategies compared to

    men? What are the consequences of women migrating to their families and their communities? Are the research

    questions generated applicable to Diaspora in Africa? E.g. gender disaggregated remittances. She also advised that

    the research can consider cross-border women migration.

    Presenter 7 George Odipo , Lecturer University of Nairobi , Population Studies and Research Institute.

    George Odipo presented a comprehensive paper covering areas of possible research in Migration. The areas covered

    three main themes, namely, Drivers of migration theme, Impact of Migration theme and Policy theme. The

    following sub topics were presented as possible areas for research.

    Balancing inclusion of internal and international migration to give a holistic outlook on migration.

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    Migration theories: Questions remain about relevant migration theories for different research areas. Counterfactual: there is a need for migration studies to aspire to the rigour of a controlled experiment. Studies should

    cover both households with migrants and those without

    Further econometric studies on migration are required.

    Longitudinal surveys:New studies need to use longitudinal surveys and a more flexible view of migration that

    takes circularity into account as the old models are obsolete.

    Analytical tools when used alone can give misleading outcomes on migratory behavior. Data from multiplesources and new types of analysis are needed to learn more about circular migration.

    Circular and temporary migration , What sustains migration- International student mobility- Networking systems of migrants

    Impacts Theme;

    Transnational identities, (Dual Citizen). What is the impact of transnational identities on development? Asmore countries emphasize dual citizenship and allow migrants to vote from abroad, the effects on both the

    migrants and the political systems in the sending country need to be explored.

    Funding is Civil Conflictdoes the funding always have a positive impact or can it also have a negativeimpact. Do migrants fund war in their home counties? The impact of remittances should be investigated.

    Family net gains- at the family level what do they use the funds for. Do they emphasize on development oron consumption. What is the impact of this remittance back home.

    Remittance community benefits; does the remittance contribute to develop or does it negate development Household spending. Does the receiving household spend on consumables or on investment Data collection: Migration research needs to look more at migration vis--vis the community and long-term

    effects. Reconciliation of the differences in research and data collection methods with economists and

    financial institutions is also a possibility.

    Policy theme, what constitutes remittances. Are they over or under stated?

    Measure remittances; at what level to they contribute to GDP?Current measures of remittances are poorlyunderstood and not well grounded in the reality of migration.

    What policies on remittances exist, how are they applied in the measurement of the GNP?More information isneeded about the effects of policies that disrupt circulation of funds or that encourage it .

    Labour markets outcomes- economic transformation is globalization improving the benefits of the individualeconomies

    Inform policy about the links between globalization labour markets and poverty in four sub Sahara AfricanCountries.

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    Discussion

    Other areas proposed by participants for consideration for research were;

    Links between data gathering and analytical tools capacity building between DG and ATs Longitudinal and step migration Migration of skilled personnel with regards to the WTO agreement. Case study/nurses Several country Research e.g. (Canada doctors move to USA, SA doctors move to Canada and Cuban doctors

    move to SA to fill the gap.)

    Regional Meeting for Partners Recommendations

    The meeting recommended the following as a way forward for the MOP/AMADPOC project; -

    Boundary partners should respond to migration issues and work closely with and through AMDPOC. This is toensure that AMADPOC plays the co-ordination and harmonization role in this project as a core partner.

    Annual conference to be held to ensure clarity on the issues should be held beginning with the Associate.Partners meeting which will be held at a date to be agreed on by the Associate Partners.

    AMADPOC is to look for a research assistant to assist with the analysis of the data in this project. AMADPOC should explore research opportunities with IOM on trafficking UN Habitat should be approached to support research in the following areas

    Slums and non slum settlements as a consequence of migration Historical and contemporary migration trends Migration and the environment Communicating research findings to stakeholders and in particular, policy makers.

    UNFPA should be approached on migration impact among migrants in the areas of; Population development. Gender. Reproductive health. Technical assistance on communication networks for policy makers.

    Interns should be seconded to institution like IGAD and UNFPA UN Habitat and others. AMADPOC willformally agree with the regional bodies on the issue of interns

    Need for active partners participatory relationship encouraged. Uganda noted that the Diaspora organizations inthe UK and USA would like to know what is being done in their source countries but there is no data to support

    any claims. This is viewed as a opportunity for AMADPOC to work on.

    Need for agencies meetings for sharing of database and to discuss migration issues. Regional meetings proposal to be communicated the UN, IGAD, AU and other offices.

    AMADPOC January 2011

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    Appendix 1: MOP Regional Meeting Programme

    REGIONAL MEETING ON MIGRATING OUT OF POVERTY

    Venue: FAIRVIEW HOTEL, NAIROBI, KENYA

    REGIONAL PROGRAMME, 27-28 JANUARY 2011

    THURSDAY, 27 JANUARY, 2011

    0800- 0845 Reception Tea/Registration of Participants0900 - 0930 Introductions and Briefing

    All participants introduction; briefing by the host

    Welcoming Remarks by AMADPOCs Executive Director & MOP Research Co-ordinator (Prof. John O. Oucho)

    Remarks by Research Manager, MOP/RPC, University of Sussex, UK (Dr. Priya Deshingkar)

    Chair: Dr. Alfred A. Otieno (University of Nairobi)

    09301030Session I: Acquainting Participants with the MOP Project

    Topic: RPC Secretariat Presentation on the project Migrating Out of Poverty

    Chair: Prof. John O. Oucho

    Presenter: Dr. Priya Deshingkar (RPC Secretariat, University of Sussex, UK)

    Review of evolution of the Research Programme Consortium (RPC) on Migrating Out of Poverty involvinginstitutions in the United Kingdom, Africa and Asia; focusing on three themes: (i) Drivers, (ii) Impact and (iii)

    Policy; and encouraging the involvement of Associate Partners, Boundary Partners and other stakeholders.

    Plenary Discussion

    10301100 Coffee/Tea Break

    11001200Session II:Orientation of Migration Stakeholders in the GHA Regio

    Topic: AMADPOC Presentation: Spearheading the MOP project in GHA

    Chair: Mr. Isaac Munyae (IOM Nairobi)

    Presenter: Prof. John O. Oucho (AMADPOC)

    Presentation on evolution and mandate of the African Migration and Development policy Centre (AMADPOC) in

    the Greater Horn of Africa (GHA) as: a bridge linking research to policy, training institution for various

    stakeholders, convener of policy dialogue to facilitate networking and a repository of resources on migration and

    development; fulfilling recommendation of its inaugural activity - Needs Assessment Seeminar on Migration and

    Development Challenges in the Greater Horn of Africa (March 2009); and involvement in the RPC as the bridge

    between it and GHA-based partners and stakeholders.

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    Plenary Discussion

    12001230 Session III: MOP Theme 1 - Drivers of Migration

    Chair: Mr. Isaac Munyae (IOM Nairobi)

    Topic: Drivers of internal and international migration in East Africa

    Presenters: Dr. Alfred A. Otieno and George Odipo (Population Studies and Research Institute, University of

    Nairobi)

    Presentation on drivers of migration in the East African Community (ECA), reviewing the literature to depict the

    state-of the art and to identify gaps in knowledge that research should fill; providing perspectives of both internal

    and intenational migration in development and poverty reduction discourse; and identfying the research areas during

    the life of the RPC.

    Peer Reviewer: Dr. Gideon Rutaremwa (Makerere)

    Plenary Discussion

    12301300: Session IV: MOP Theme 2 - Impact of Migration

    Chair: Ms. Lily Sanya (IOM/IGAD)

    Topic: Internal and international migration in Uganda: the contribution of remittances to household livelihood

    Presenter: Dr. Gideon Rutaremwa (Institute of Statistics and Applied Economics, Makerere University)

    Presentation on the contibution of migrants remittances to household livelihood thereby reducing poverty at

    household and implicitly community levels in Uganda as a case study for research in the rest of the GHA,

    reviewing the existing literature to depict the state-of the art and identifying gaps in knowledge for research; using

    available data to analyse the contribution of both internal and international migration to household livelihood.

    Peer Reviewer: Dr. Alfred A. Otieno (University of Nairobi)

    13001400 Lunch Break

    14001430 Session IV continued: MOP Theme 2 - Impact of Migration

    Chair: Lily Sanya (IOM/IGAD)

    Topic: Migration in search of excellence: migration and attrition of human resources in African Universities:

    Governance and Staff Retention Strategies

    Presenter: Professor Paschal Mihyo (Organisation of Social Science Research in Eastern and Southern Africa,

    Addis Ababa)

    15001600 Session V: MOP Theme 3 - Migration Policy

    Chair: Dr. Collins Opiyo (Kenya National Bureau of Statistics)

    Topic 1: Broad policy concerns regarding migration in the Great Lakes region of Africa

    Presenter: Dr. Khoti Kamanga (Centre for the Study of Forced Migration, University of Dar es Salaam)

    Peer Reviewer:Dr. Paschal Mihyo (OSSREA)

    Topic 2: A review of migration policies in East Africa: perspectives and gaps for research

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    Presenters: Dr. Philip Nyinguro (Department of Political Science, University of Nairobi) and Prof. John O.

    Oucho (AMADPOC)

    Peer Reviewer: (Dr. Khoti Kamanga (University of Dar es Salaam)

    Discussion

    16001630: Coffee/Tea Break

    16301700: Session VI: Communication of research findingsto sakeholders

    Presenter: Mrs. Rosemary Barasa (AMADPOC)

    Reviewer: Dr. Priya Deshingkar(MOP/RPC Secretariat)

    Discussion

    FRIDAY, 28 JANUARY, 2011

    08300900 Reception Tea/Coffee

    0900930 Session VII: Sponsorship and Utilisation of Research Products

    Topic: Views of Boundary Partners: Governments, Foundations &Research Funders

    Chair: Gideon Rutaremwa (Makerere University)

    Invited Boundary Partners to present their reactions to the Migrating Out of Poverty project as envisaged; their

    wish list of important research areas; prospects for collaboration with AMADPOC in the RPC; comments of what

    more the project could embrace or refine to address MDGs, Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs), national

    Visions of GHA countries, etc.and support as well as resource mobilisation for research, training and capacity

    building, policy dialogue and networking and accessing available resources in migration and development.

    Presenters: Ministry of Labour (Kenya); Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Uganda); International Development

    Research Centre (IDRC); Foundations invited (tbc)

    Discussion

    09301030 Session VIII: Influencing, Sponsorship and Utilisation of Research forDevelopment Co-operation

    Topic: Views of Boundary Partners in development co-operation

    Chair: Prof. Paschal Mhiyo (OSSREA)

    Diplomatic Missions views of the Migrating Out of Poverty project in the GHA, with a hindsight of increasing

    migration and development dialogue globally, from the perspective of development agencies in the diplomatic

    missions and knowledge of the GHA; comments of what more the project could do to embrace or refine to address

    MDGs, Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs), national Visions of GHA countries, etc.

    Presenters: All Diplomatic Missions invited and prepared to participate in the session [Invited were: Uganda High

    Commission, Ethiopian Embassy, Embassy of Sudan, Netherlands Embassy, Swedish Embassy, British High

    Commission

    Discussion

    10301100 Tea/Coffee Break

    1100-1200 Session VIIIResearch in Development Partnership

    Chair: Prof. Paschal Mihyo (OSSREA)

    Topic: Views of United Nations agencies (UNDP, UNHABITAT etc.) and related organisations

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    Views of International Organisations on Migrating Out of Poverty project in the GHA a gainst the background of

    some global reports:Human Development Report 2009 (UNDP), World Migration2000-2008(IOM); AUs

    Migration Policy Framework for Africa being domesticated by African Regional Economic Communities(RECs)

    e.g. IGAD and EAC; and addressing MDGs, PRSPs and national Visions, etc.

    1200-1300 Session IX: Aspirations of upcoming Researchers

    Chair: Prof. Olusanya Ajakaiye (African Economic Research Consortium &Member ,AMADPOCs Advisory

    Board )

    Topic 1: Inevitability of research on the migration of women in Migrating Out of Poverty

    Presenter: Ms. Linda A. Oucho (PhD Fellow, Centre for Research in Ethnic

    Relations, University of Warwick, UK and AMADPOC)

    Topic 2: The balancing act in the Migrating Out of Poverty project: inclusion of internal and international

    migration

    Presenter: Mr. George Odipo (PhD Fellow, Population Studies and Research Institute, University of Nairobi)

    Reviewer: Dr. Alfred A. Otieno (University of Nairobi)

    Discussion

    13001430 Lunch Break

    14301530 Session X: Aftermath of the Regional Meeting and Staying the Course

    Chair:Dr. Priya Deshingkar

    This will be a general discussion by participants on the pertinent issues raised in the Regional Meeting, how the

    RPC, AMADPOC, Associate Partners and various Boundary Partners should stay the course and embrace closely

    related research areas and other activities, without unduly altering the MOP agenda.

    15301600 Tea/Coffee Break

    16001615 Closing Session

    Chair: Prof. John O. Oucho (AMADPOC)

    18002030 Dinner

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    PARTICIPANT REGISTRATION LIST

    REGIONAL MEETING ON MIGRATING OUT OF POVERTY

    Regional Meeting for Partners

    Name Designation Institution E-mail

    Priya Deshingkar Dr. RPC Secretariat

    University of Sussex

    [email protected]

    Prof.Paschal Mihyo Prof. Executive

    Director

    Organisation of Social Science

    Research in

    Eastern and Southern Africa,

    Addis Ababa (OSSREA)

    [email protected]

    Khoti Kamanga Dr. Centre for the Study of Forced

    Migration

    University of Dar-es- Salaam

    [email protected]

    Gideon Rutaremwa Dr Institute of Statistics and

    Applied Economics,

    Makerere University, Uganda

    [email protected]

    Alfred A. Otieno Dr. Population Studies and

    Research Institute,University of Nairobi

    [email protected]

    George Odipo PhD Fellow/Lecturer,

    UoN

    Population Studies and

    Research Institute,

    Nairobi University

    [email protected]

    Olusanya Ajakaiye Prof. Africa Economic Research

    Forum (AERC)

    [email protected]

    Robby Odyeny-

    Ocen

    Mr. Min. Of Foreign Affairs

    Diaspora Department

    Uganda

    [email protected]

    Ezekiel Ngure Programme Officer UNFPA [email protected]

    mailto:[email protected]:[email protected]:[email protected]:[email protected]:[email protected]:[email protected]:[email protected]:[email protected]:[email protected]:[email protected]:[email protected]:[email protected]:[email protected]:[email protected]:[email protected]:[email protected]:[email protected]:[email protected]:[email protected]:[email protected]:[email protected]
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    Omondi Odhiambo Dr. UN Habitat

    Lily Sanya Ms. Technical Advisor

    Migration Management Services

    IOM - Djbouti

    [email protected]

    Isaac Munyae Mr Senior Project Dev. Assistant

    IOM - Nairobi

    [email protected]

    Neil Roberts Mr DFID [email protected]

    Fathia Alwan Ms Programme Manager

    Social Development

    IGAD

    [email protected]

    Mercy Rurii Ms Research Officer

    Regional Directors office

    IDRC

    [email protected]

    Andrew Imbwaga Mr. Manager Demography

    Population and Social Statistics

    Directorate

    Kenya National Bureau of

    Satistics

    [email protected]

    Prof. John O Oucho Prof. Executive Director AMADPOC/

    Univ. of Nairobi

    [email protected]

    Linda A Oucho Ms. Resource Coordinator

    AMADPOC/ Warwick University

    [email protected]

    Rosemary Barasa Ms. Communications officer

    AMADPOC

    [email protected]

    Jacob O. Odhiambo Mr. Administrator

    AMADPOC

    [email protected]madpoc.org

    Victor M. Osano Mr. Admin. Assistant

    AMADPOC

    [email protected]

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