EXERGONIC. ENDERGONIC Nucleic Acids and ATP Nucleic Acids Elements: C, H, O, N, P, S Two types of...

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Transcript of EXERGONIC. ENDERGONIC Nucleic Acids and ATP Nucleic Acids Elements: C, H, O, N, P, S Two types of...

Nucleic Acids and ATP

EXERGONIC

ENDERGONICNucleic Acids and ATPNucleic AcidsElements: C, H, O, N, P, STwo types of Nucleic acids:DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid)RNA (Ribonucleic acid)DNA is Formed of in a "Double Helix" - like a spiral staircase.

NucleotidesDNA is formed from NucleotidesThese are made of 3 componentsA 5-Carbon SugarA Nitrogenous baseA Phosphate groupDNA/RNA backbone through linkages from the OH group of the 3rd carbon to a phosphate group of the adjoining nucleotide. These are called Phosphodiester bonds

Types of NucleotidesFor DNA There are 4 different Nucleotides categorized as either Purines (double ring) or Pyramidines (single ringed). These are usually represented by a letter.

These Are:Adenine (A)Cytosine (C)Guanine (G)Thymine (T)

Base Pairing RulesEach "Rung" of the DNA "staircase" is formed by the linking of 2 Nucleotides through Hydrogen Bonds.These Hydrogen bonds form only between specific Nucleotides. This is known as Base Pairing. The rules are as follows:Adenine (A) will ONLY bond to Thymine (T)Cytosine (C) will ONLY bond to Guanine (G)

DNA Structure

RNAAKA ribonucleic acidRNA differs from DNA in several important ways.It is much smallerIt is single-strandedIt does NOT contain Thymine, but rather a new nucleotide called Uracil which will bind to Adenine.

ATP Short for Adenosine Tri-Phosphate. Composed of Ribose, Adenine & a phosphate groupPhosphate group has ability to bind/release additional phosphate group allowing it to store or release energyATP vs. ADP vs. AMP