Nucleic acids Carbohydrates Lipids Proteins Nucleic acids

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Transcript of Nucleic acids Carbohydrates Lipids Proteins Nucleic acids

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  • Nucleic acids Carbohydrates Lipids Proteins Nucleic acids
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  • Functions of nucleic acids / nucleotides Building blocks of chromosomes 1. 2. Energy carriers 1. Capture reducing power 1. 2.
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  • Nucleic acid structure DNA and RNA have a couple important differences The sugar The choice of nucleotide bases Know the difference between DNA and RNA!
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  • DNA = ___________________________ RNA = ___________________________ The nucleic acid has three components: 1._____________ 2._____________ 3._____________
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  • The purines are: The pyrimidines are:
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  • Dehydration to form the nucleotide from its component units
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  • Dehydration reactions to link nucleotide units to form nucleic acids Always name nucleic acids from 5 to 3 !!!
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  • ATP / ADP = adenosine triphosphate / adenosine diphosphate
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  • NADH = nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide; NADPH = nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate
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  • Nomenclature considerations The building block unit nucleic acids is the __________ The individual component pyrimidines and purines are called: The names change when they are incorporated into the nucleotide structure:
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  • The names are abbreviated in a couple ways: Three letter abbreviations: (for DNA, for RNA) One letter abbreviations:
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