DRONE: UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE

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Seminar Co-Ordinator: Mr. A.K.Singh. DRONE: UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE. Seminar Presented by: Ajit Pal Singh. An unmanned aerial vehicle ( UAV ), known as a drone , is an aircraft without a human pilot. Drone stands for Dynamic Remotely Operated Navigation Equipment - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript of DRONE: UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE

  • Seminar Co-Ordinator:Mr. A.K.SinghSeminar Presented by:Ajit Pal Singh

  • IntroductionAn unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), known as a drone, is an aircraft without a human pilot.

    Drone stands for Dynamic Remotely Operated Navigation Equipment

    Its flight is either controlled autonomously by computers or under the remote control of a pilot on the ground

  • The earliest attempt at a powered unmanned aerial vehicle was A. M. Low's "Aerial Target" of 1916After World War-I, including the first scale RPV, developed by the film star and model airplane enthusiast Reginald Denny in 1935The birth of U.S. UAVs began in 1959 when United States Air Force officers, concerned about losing pilots over hostile territory.The August 2 &4, 1964,U.S. Navy initiated America's highly classified UAVs into their first combat missions of the Vietnam War.

  • UAV is a System

  • Sub-System of UAVsCOMMUNICATIONS:-

    Operates on ultra high frequencyCommunicates with ku-band systemOperates with uplink frequencies from 15.15 to 15.35 GHz and downlink frequency 14.40 GHz to 14.83 GHz

    NAVIGATION:-

    Avionics use satellite based system such as GPS and WAASIt calculates position automatically

  • MONITORING:-

    Includes GPS systemHigh resolution video cameraSuper high resolution still camera

    COLLISION AVOIDANCE SYSTEM:-

    Use traffic and collision systemSmaller aircraft use simple traffic alerting systemAircraft use ground proximity warning system

    WEATHER SYSTEM:-Use weather radar and lighting detector system

  • Rustom is a Medium Altitude Long Endurance unmanned combat air vehicle being developed by DRDO.

    Digital Flight Control and Navigation System, Automatic Take off and Landing.

    Aerodynamic configurations, High aspect ratio wing, Composite airframe integrated with propulsion system, De-icing system for wings

  • The DRDO Nishant is an developed by India's ADE .Day/night capability training vehicle.Its range of Service ceiling:3,600 m (upto 11,800 ft)

  • Lakshya is an Indian remotely piloted high speed target drone system developed by ADE of DRDO.Service ceiling: 9,000m (29,528ft) 5,000 metres (16,404ft) with towed target.Launch: Rocket Assisted

  • US Drone-Global Hawk:

    Length-13.5mWingspam-35.4mHeight-4.6mEmpty-Weight-3850kgMax loaded weight-10400kgMaximum speed-650kmphService ceiling-20000mEndurance-34hours

    Indian Drone-Rustom-H:

    Length-9.5mWingspam-20.6mHeight-6.1mEmpty weight-1800kgMax loaded weight-2150kgMaximum Speed-225kmphService ceiling-10668mEndurance-14hours

  • Remotely piloted vehicles will never fully replace manned aircraft

    They can perform an increasingly sophisticated array of missions due to their small size and decreased radar.

    To wholly replace man would be expensive and technically risky.

    UAS should be only considered for certain types of missions for which it can be a cost effective

    With a continuing trend of miniaturization in electronics, the UAV can be made much smaller and cheaper

    Size largely determined by the size of the payload,

  • IN COUNTER TERRORISM ACTIVITY:IN COMMERCIAL AERIAL SURVEILLANCE:

  • IN OIL, GAS AND MINERAL EXPLORATION & PRODUCTION:

    IN TRANSPORT

    IN SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

    IN ARMED ATTACKS

    IN SEARCH & RESCUE

  • Doesnot contain, or need, a qualified pilot on boardCan enter environments that are dangerous to human lifeReduces the exposure risk of the aircraft operatorPerforming visual or thermal imaging of a regionMeasuring cell phone, radio, or, TV coverage over any terrainCan be programmed to complete the mission autonomously even when contact with its GCS is lost

  • ImmoralCivilian casualtiesAngers many people in foreign countries(infringe upon sovereignty) Can be hacked or given virusesToo small for transportation of materialsLow resistance to weatherCannot refuel in flightIf contact is lost with the ground station, the vehicle may be lost.

  • CONCLUSIONUnmanned Aerial Vehicles are an exciting field in the world of aviation, with new discoveries. Over the next 16 years, UAVs will become a significant component of military, civil, and perhaps even commercial aviation.

    However, the very dynamic nature of the field also creates a significant amount of uncertainty. The wide range of UAV physical and performance characteristics, many of which will be very unlike any current aircraft, will place additional challenges on an air traffic management system.

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