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    Spring 2016 A Publication of The CPO Foundation Vol. 26, No. 1

    CPO FAMILY

    R I T SHOSTAGES

    The former ALCATRAZ FEDERAL PENITENTIARY, now a U.S. National Park Service property, experienced the so-called Battle of Alcatraz in May of 1946. This violent incident is one of many escape attempts, riots and/or sieges that have taken place in prisons or jails nationally -- and internationally -- over the past nine decades. Some of these riots involved the taking of hostages, several with tragic outcomes. See our Cover Story starting on page 4.

    In other places: Pulau Senang Island, Singapore, July 12, 1963 Kingston Penitentiary, Canada, April 14-18, 1971 Fremantle Prison, Australia, January 4, 1988 Davao Metrodiscom Prison, Philippines, August 13-15, 1989 Chiang Mai Prison, Thailand, April 30, 2010 Igoumenitsa Prison, Greece, May 1, 2010 Uribana Prison, Venezuela, January 25, 2013

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    CPO FAMILYThe Correctional Peace Officers Foundation1346 N. Market Blvd. Sacramento, CA 95834P. O. Box 348390 Sacramento, CA 95834-8390916.928.0061 800.800.CPOFcpof.org

    Directors of The CPO FoundationGlenn Mueller Chairman/National DirectorEdgar W. Barcliff, Jr. Vice Chairman/National DirectorDon Dease Secretary/National DirectorRichard Waldo Treasurer/National DirectorSalvador Osuna National DirectorJim Brown National DirectorKim Potter-Blair National Director

    Chaplains of The CPO FoundationRev. Gary R. Evans Batesburg-Leesville, SCPastor Tony Askew Brundidge, AL

    Honor Guard Commanders of The CPO FoundationCaptain Steve Dizmon (Ret.) California DOCDave Wedzina (Ret.) New York DOCS

    CPOF StaffCharleene Corby Chief Executive OfficerRachel Lee Office AdministratorPatricia Bjorklund Executive AssistantCindy Wahlquist BookkeeperStephanie Barone Catastrophic Coordinator Christina Labio Catastrophic CoordinatorKim Blakley Catastrophic Coordinator/Research Analyst

    To request catastrophic assistance for a Correctional Officer or Staff at your prison, jail or office, email:

    char@cpof.org. Please provide your full name,institution, rank and cell phone number (or other phone

    number where you can be reached). Thank you for assisting us inTaking Care of our Own.

    The Correctional Peace Officers Foundation, Inc. is a non-profit, tax-exempt charity registered with the

    Internal Revenue Service under IRC 501(c)(3), 509(a)(1) and 170(b)(1)(A)(vi), ID number 68-0023302.

    The CPO FAMILY is the official publication of The Correctional Peace Officers (CPO) Foundation. $5.00 of each Supporting Members annual donation is allocated for the CPO FAMILY subscription. Any item submitted for publication must contain the true name, address and telephone number or email address of the author. The Editor reserves the right to edit for space considerations or for other reasons as deemed appropriate by the Editor. 2016 Correctional Peace Officers Foundation, Inc.

    Jennifer Donaldson Davis Alabama RepresentativeCarolyn Kelley Alabama RepresentativeNed Entwisle Alaska RepresentativeLiz Shaffer-Smith Arizona RepresentativeAnnie Norman Arkansas RepresentativeConnie Summers California RepresentativeCharlie Bennett California RepresentativeGuy Edmonds Colorado RepresentativeKim Blakley Federal RepresentativeGeorge Mesko Federal RepresentativeLaura Phillips Federal RepresentativeJohn Williams Florida RepresentativeDonald Almeter Florida RepresentativeJim Freeman Florida RepresentativeVanessa ODonnell Georgia epresentativeRose Williams Georgia RepresentativeRoger Sherman Hawaii RepresentativeAdrain Brewer Indiana RepresentativeWayne Bowdry Kentucky RepresentativeVanessa Lee Mississippi RepresentativeOra Starks Mississippi RepresentativeLisa Hunter Montana RepresentativeApril Bulling-June Nebraska RepresentativeTania Arguello Nevada RepresentativeNickey Brooks Nevada RepresentativeDave Wedzina New York RepresentativeJay West North New York RepresentativeLaura Matthews North Carolina RepresentativeRicky Anderson North Carolina RepresentativeSarah Haynes Ohio RepresentativeHoward Dowell Ohio RepresentativeAnn Tandy Oklahoma RepresentativeMarty Conway Oklahoma RepresentativeDan Weber West Oregon RepresentativeMichael Seefeldt East Oregon RepresentativeWendy Baur Pennsylvania RepresentativeJim Giles Pennsylvania RepresentativeLarry Bottner Philadelphia Prison SystemManny Leander Rhode Island RepresentativeGary Evans South Carolina RepresentativeCheryl Thorpe Tennessee RepresentativeCathy Stokes Texas RepresentativeEileen Kennedy Texas RepresentativeChristy House Utah RepresentativeCarol Manning Utah RepresentativeRay Wagoner West Virginia & Virginia RepresentativeDarren Feiler West Washington RepresentativeBridgett Bolinger East Washington RepresentativeEvelyn Schultz Wisconsin RepresentativeSharon Crerar Wyoming Representative

    Note: Many Representatives bring the CPO Foundation to one or more other States in addition to their home State.

    Field Representatives

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    13 California 16 New York 20 Texas 24 Colorado 26 Pennsylvania 27 Nebraska 30 Georgia 31 Missouri 32 Oregon 34 Kentucky 35 Mississippi 36 Connecticut 38 North Carolina 43 Rhode Island 44 Florida 45 Arizona 46 Oklahoma 47 South Carolina 48 Arkansas 49 Illinois

    CPO FAMILY 4 Cover Story: Riots and Hostages

    BACK COVER:A Word from the Chairman

    Next Year:PROJECT 2000 XXVIII in San Francisco, California*

    Thursday, June 15- Sunday, June 18, 2017

    *Opportunity for attendees to tour ALCATRAZ, pictured on our cover!

    Spring 2016 A Publication of The CPO Foundation Vol. 26, No. 1

    STATES NEWS

    Correctional Officer Robert Vallandingham, who was

    among those taken hostage during the 11-day riot at

    Southern Ohio Correctional Facility in 1993. Officer

    Vallandingham wasmurdered during the early days of the riot. His body

    was tossed outside the prison walls onto the grounds.

    See page 10 for this story.

    Yvonne Beseda and Julia Standley, who were among those taken hostage at the start of the 11-day Carrasco

    Siege at the Walls Unit in Huntsville, Texas in 1974. The women were shot to

    death by Frederico FredGomez Carrasco and his two

    accomplices during their escapeattempt on the final day of the siege.

    See page 7 for this story.

    12 Memorial Day -- by Char 28-29 Christmas Cards and Thank Yous 40 Federal News 50 Letters & Photos from States All Over 54-55 Lifetime Sponsors of the CPO Foundation

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    4

    Cover Story

    Riots and Hostages

    History does in fact repeat itself

    On the cover and under the stunning photo of Alcatraz is a list of just a few of the prison riots and hostage situations that have taken place internationally. One suchoccurred in 1992 at Carandiru Penitentiary in Brazil, then the largest prison in LatinAmerica. It was built to house 3,500 inmates but became horribly overcrowded and itspopulation ballooned to 7,300. Because violence was ready to explode the facility wasnicknamed the Powder Keg. A riot did in fact break out and although, thankfully, noofficers were killed, 22 were wounded. In Manchester, England a riot occurred at the Strangeways Prison on April 1, 1990 that quickly spread throughout the prison. When the riot and rooftop protest ended, one officer had died and 147 prison officers were injured. We are sure that there were many prison riots and hostage situations way, way back; however, with this article we are only going back to 1929. Some of the riots have a big story, such as Attica in 1971, the Carrasco Siege in 1974 and the San Quentin incident in 1971, but in reality they all have a story. Many, many lives have been lost and people seriously injured over the years. Riots also affect the entire community because in some cities like Attica (yes, Attica is a city) just about everyone is related in some way to everyone else. We derived most of our information from the Internet so when reports say, the longest hostage situation, the bloodiest riot, the longest trial, its because at the time of thatparticular occurrence it was the longest, bloodiest, etc. incident. And the longest hostage situation was indeed in Arizona at the Morey Unit in January/February 2004. Riots andhostage situations often happen on holidays because usually there is less staff, as in thehostage taking in1993 at Southern Ohio Correctional Facility that happened on EasterSunday and lasted 11 days. Just keep in mind that hundreds of thousands of dollars were spent to rebuild these in-stitutions and some, well, just werent rebuilt just closed. In the Oklahoma riot of 1973 the damage was estimated at $30 million imagine what the cost would be today. Many -- far too many -- Correctional staff are injured every single day across the coun-try. If someone is assaulted at your jail, prison or parole office, please email CPOF and let us know. Our motto is taking care of our own. In closing, watch your back and always watch your partners back as well. Stay safe! -- Char

    Note: Many of the riot descriptions that follow use the term guard when referring to a Correctional Officer as that was the common and accepted usage at the time the reporting of the incident took place.

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    5

    Colorado 1929

    Riots and Hostages

    The Battle of Alcatraz, which lasted from May 2 to May 4, 1946, was the result of an unsuccessful escape attempt at Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary. Two guards -- William A. Miller and Harold Stites -- were killed along with three inmates. Eleven guards and one uninvolved convict were also injured. Two of the surviving convicts were later executed for their roles.

    1954 - Missouri State Penitentiary

    In 1954,