Collaborative Research Created January, 2009. RCR – Collaborative Research RCR...

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  • Collaborative ResearchCreated January, 2009

    Created January, 2009

  • RCR Collaborative Research Short Pre-test Presentation Objectives NIH Comment increased tendency for collaboration pitfalls of collaboration ways to enhance collaborative research SIT institutional processes involved in collaborative research ethical considerations available resources Reference Material Faculty Presentation Case Study and Discussion Short Post-testCreated January, 2009

    Created January, 2009

  • RCR Collaborative ResearchThe scale and complexity of todays .research problems increasingly demand that scientists move beyond the confines of their own discipline and explore new organizational models for team scienceMany scientists will still continue to pursue individual research projects, but they too will be encouraged to make changes in the way they approach the scientific enterprise.

    National Institutes of Health Roadmap for ResearchCreated January, 2009

    Created January, 2009

  • RCR Collaborative Research Funding sources are under stress-- All sponsors seeking ways to maximize their support Investigators increasingly need complementary skills-- Research is increasingly complex and inter-related Current technology eases long-distance collaboration-- Internet, eMail, networked systems, web-based technology Bayh-Dole Act encourages tech transfer-- 1980 Federal Act allows universities to keep ownership Collaborations seem to improve the science-- Macrino, F. Scientific Integrity: An Introductory Text with Cases. Second Edition. American Society for Microbiology Press 2000Created January, 2009

    Created January, 2009

  • RCR Collaborative Research

    Failure to communicate --Most often, problems arise in scientific collaborations because the scientists failed to explicitly define their expectations of one another.Preempting Discord: Prenuptial Agreements for Scientists-- Howard Gadlin and Kevin Jessar, NIH Ombudsmen

    Lucrative tech transfer value -- can introduce discord to the research team

    Different objectives-- for-profit and non-profit collaborations reflect different aims

    Created January, 2009

    Created January, 2009

  • RCR Collaborative Research

    Communicate.. and then communicate again-- Dont assume anything. This is particularly advisable when dealing with industry Define expectations of who will do what Discuss authorship in advance-- Different disciplines have different standards for determining authors Discuss data and material management-- Dont assume everyone knows who will be doing what Discuss intellectual property-- Is there any background IP? Is IP likely? Discuss accountability -- All institutions must observe the same federal rules. Find out in advance if there are any conflicts of interest

    Created January, 2009

    Created January, 2009

  • RCR Collaborative ResearchA proposal, submitted through the Faculty Support Center, will be necessary (OSR/Faculty Support will assist the earlier the better)Collaborative process may require an initial Non-disclosure Agreement -also called Confidentiality Agreement (OSR or Office of Academic Entrepreneurship will assist)Collaborative process involves a subcontracteither from SIT to the collaborating institution, or to SIT from the collaborating institution (OSR will handle)Awards are made to, and received from, institutions. Awards are not made to individual investigators (OSR will receive & set-up award)Terms of intellectual property must be negotiated between institutions (OSR or the Office of Academic Entrepreneurship will handle)Contact FSC as soon as you suspect you will be preparing a proposal

    Created January, 2009

    Created January, 2009

  • RCR Collaborative ResearchBe aware of the need for review and approval from Institutional Review Board human subjects-- required for questionnaires, use of patient records (even anonymous), oral histories, etc..NOT JUST BIOMEDICAL. Also, exempt is a category, it does not imply an investigator is exempt from the application process

    Be aware of the need for Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee-- required for use of all vertebrate animals. Again, exempt is a category, it does not imply an investigator is exempt from the application process

    Created January, 2009

    Created January, 2009

  • RCR Collaborative ResearchFaculty Support CenterPre-proposal developmentAssistance with forms and budget developmentAssistance with various federal electronic portalsWorks in concert with the Office of Sponsored ResearchOffice of Sponsored ResearchProposal submissionContract negotiationAward set-up and all non-technical reportingLiaison with all sponsors on investigators behalfWorks in concert with Faculty Support Center, Office of Academic Entrepreneurship and Division of FinanceOffice of Academic EntrepreneurshipWorks in concert with the Office of Sponsored ResearchNegotiates licenses Assists investigator with entrepreneurial issues

    Created January, 2009

    Created January, 2009

  • RCR Collaborative Research Silence is Not Golden: Making Collaborations Work -- Joan P. Schwartz, Ph.D. , NINDS

    Preempting Discord: Prenuptial Agreements for Scientists__ Howard Gadlin, NIH Ombudsman and Kevin Jessar, NIH Associate Ombudsman Dynamic Issues in Scientific Integrity: Collaborative Research__ American Academy of Microbiology

    RCR Training and Education Developed by Columbia University

    --- http://ori.dhhs.gov/education/products/columbia_wbt/rcr_science/index.htmlCreated January, 2009

    Created January, 2009

  • RCR Collaborative Research

    Dr. Christos Christodoulatos Assoc. Provost for Academic EntrepreneurshipCreated January, 2009

    Created January, 2009

  • RCR Collaborative Research

    After four years of funding from NSF, Dr. Jane Doe in Computer Science at Stevens and Dr. John Smith in Computer Science at NYU and their respective graduate students, have developed a new kind of search-engine algorithm that they feel could directly compete with either Google, Yahoo, or MSN. In fact, technical representatives from Google are visiting that morning to discuss the technology and representatives from MSN are scheduled to visit the next week.

    Both scientists are experienced investigators and imminently respected in their field; however they disagree on issues of the intellectual property associated with this major development. Dr. Doe wants to negotiate a license with either Google or MSN and Dr. Smith wants to create a spin-off company. The disagreements have become so heated that the collaboration is threatened.

    Consider the following questions:Created January, 2009

    Created January, 2009

  • RCR Collaborative Research

    Q:With representatives coming from Google and MSN, what is the first thing that both investigators should do immediately?A:Before engaging in ANY discussion with an outside entity, both respective universities offices associated with intellectual property should be contacted as well as their Offices of Sponsored Research. As importantly, Confidentiality Agreements between university personnel and the Google and MSN representatives must be fully executed before any discussion can take place. Created January, 2009

    Created January, 2009

  • RCR Collaborative Research

    Q:Why do the administrative offices have to be involved? They didnt develop the technology and they will probably just slowdown the discussions.A:Stevens has a policy regarding the ownership splits for intellectual property developed by Stevens employees; however, the intellectual property belongs to the institution. These administrative offices are charged with management and oversight of intellectual property and sponsored research.Created January, 2009

    Created January, 2009

  • RCR Collaborative Research

    Q:How could the current discord among the investigators have been prevented? A: Communicate.. and then communicate again-- Dont assume anything. This is particularly advisable when dealing with industry Define expectations of who will do what Discuss authorship in advance-- Different disciplines have different standards for determining authors Discuss data and material management-- Dont assume everyone knows who will be doing what Discuss intellectual property-- Is there any background IP? Is IP likely? Discuss accountability -- All institutions must observe the same federal rules. Find out in advance if there are any conflicts of interestCreated January, 2009

    Created January, 2009

  • RCR Collaborative Research

    Q:Are there any laws, regulations, or institutional polices that may apply? A:Federal awards (particularly grants and cooperative agreements are subject to the terms and conditions of the Bayh-Dole Act found at 35 USC 200-212 and 37 CFR 401. Among other things, this code and regulation gave universities control of their inventions that resulted from federal funding.

    Additionally, all universities have organizational policy regarding ownership of intellectual property developed by university employees.Created January, 2009

    Created January, 2009

  • Created January, 2009

    Created January, 2009