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  • E U A P U B L I C A T I O N S 2 0 1 4

    UNIVERSITY-BUSINESS COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH: GOALS, OUTCOMES AND NEW

    ASSESSMENT TOOLS

    THE EUIMA COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH PROJECT REPORT

    Lidia Borrell-Damian, Rita Morais and John H. Smith

    This project has received funding from

    the European Union’s Seventh Framework

    Programme for research, technological

    development and demonstration under

    grant agreement no 250442.

  • Copyright 2014 © by the European University Association

    All rights reserved. This information may be freely used and copied for non-commercial purposes, provided that the source is acknowledged (© European University Association).

    Additional copies of this publication are available for 20 Euro per copy.

    European University Association asbl Avenue de l’Yser 24 1040 Brussels, Belgium Tel: +32-2 230 55 44 Fax: +32-2 230 57 51

    A free electronic version of this report is available through www.eua.be

    This publication reflects the views only of the author(s), and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.

    ISBN: 9789078997504

  • –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– 1 Dr Lidia Borrell-Damian is Director for Research and Innovation, European University Association (EUA) 2 Dr Maria Rita Catrunfo Morais is Project Expert, EUA 3 Dr John H. Smith is Senior Adviser and former Deputy Secretary General, EUA

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    U N I V E R S I T Y - B U S I N E S S C O L L A B O R A T I V E R E S E A R C H : G O A L S , O U T C O M E S A N D N E W A S S E S S M E N T T O O L S

    FOREWORD 8

    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 9

    1. DEVELOPMENT OF THE EUIMA COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH PROJECT: CONCEPT AND METHODOLOGY 10

    1.1 Introduction and context 10

    1.2 Approach and methodology 12

    1.2.1 Definitions and levels of analysis 14

    2. ENGAGING IN COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH PARTNERSHIPS: GOALS AND OUTCOMES 15

    2.1 Context and motivations to engage in collaborative research partnerships 15

    2.1.1 The regional context as a catalyst for university-business partnerships 16

    2.1.2 Motivations for universities and companies to develop collaborative research initiatives 16

    2.2 Outcomes, benefits and sustainability of collaborative research partnerships 18

    2.2.1 Increasing competitiveness 19

    2.2.2 Improving the degree of professionalisation of human resources 19

    2.2.3 Sustainability of university-business partnerships 20

    2.2.3.1. Ensuring continuous funding availability 20

    2.2.3.2. Identifying and pursuing further opportunities for collaborative research 21

    2.3 Collaborative research partnerships in practice 21

    2.3.1 Setting up the partnership 22

    2.3.1.1 Identifying partners for the collaborative research project 22

    2.3.1.2 Negotiating the partnership 23

    2.3.1.3 Involving the research/knowledge transfer office 24

    2.3.1.4 Acknowledging the importance of human resources –

    involving different professional profiles in collaborative research 25

    2.3.2 Taking the partnership forward 26

    2.3.2.1 Facilitating aspects and overcoming challenges in collaborative research 26

    2.3.2.2 Dealing with Intellectual Property Rights 29

    2.4 Societal impact of collaborative research partnerships 30

    2.4.1 Valuing the regional and the socio-economic impact of collaborative research 31

    2.4.2 Assessing the societal impact of collaborative research 31

    2.5 Institutional support to collaborative research and organisational changes as a result

    of university-business partnerships 32

    2.5.1 General support activities to collaborative research 32

    2.5.2 Organisation of knowledge transfer activities at the university 33

    2.5.3 Collaborative research and its impact in the university’s organisational structure

    and work procedures 34

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

  • 5

    U N I V E R S I T Y - B U S I N E S S C O L L A B O R A T I V E R E S E A R C H : G O A L S , O U T C O M E S A N D N E W A S S E S S M E N T T O O L S

    2.5.4 The importance of human resources in collaborative research 35

    2.5.4.1 The case of researchers 36

    2.5.4.2 The case of research managers 37

    2.5.4.3 Improving the skill profile of researchers and research managers 38

    2.6 Lessons learned and recommendations from stakeholders 40

    3. TOWARDS NEW ASSESSMENT TOOLS FOR UNIVERSITIES AND COMPANIES ENGAGED

    IN COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH 42

    3.1 The emergence of new indicators to assess collaborative research partnerships 42

    3.2 Assessment Tool for University-Business Collaborative Research Partnerships 43

    Area 1: Strategic approaches in setting up university-business research collaborations 45

    Area 2: Structural factors in setting up and taking forward university-business

    collaborative research 46

    Area 3: Facilitating aspects for successful university-business research collaborations 47

    Area 4: Goals, outcomes and benefits of university-business research collaborations 48

    Sub-area 4.1: Increasing research capacity, competitive advantage and innovation 49

    Sub-area 4.2: Institutional/organisational development 50

    Sub-area 4.3: Strengthening human resources 51

    Sub-area 4.4: Contribution to regional development 52

    Sub-area 4.5: Sustainability/planning future university-business

    research collaborations 52

    3.3 Exploring the relationship between assessment indicators and different forms

    of collaborative research partnerships 53

    4. CONCLUSIONS 57

    ANNEX 1 60

    Further explanation on the project methodology 60

    ANNEX 2 67

    Brief presentation of EUIMA Collaborative Research Case Studies 67

    ANNEX 3 75

    EUIMA Collaborative Research Steering Committee members and Senior Advisers 75

    SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY 76

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    U N I V E R S I T Y - B U S I N E S S C O L L A B O R A T I V E R E S E A R C H : G O A L S , O U T C O M E S A N D N E W A S S E S S M E N T T O O L S

    Figure 1: Articulation between EUIMA Collaborative Research Case Studies and Workshops 13

    Figure 2: Consequences of long-term collaborative research 18

    Figure 3: Leading partner in the collaborative research project 23

    Figure 4: Professional profiles of staff involved in negotiating collaborative research projects 25

    Figure 5: Ensuring right to publication of results with non-commercial application 29

    Figure 6: Protecting rights over results with potential commercial application (IP ownership) 29

    Figure 7: Dealing with IP rights 30

    Figure 8: Research dissemination strategies used by universities 33

    Figure 9: Input from researchers involved in collaborative research and its benefits

    for the university 36

    Figure 10: Skill profile of research management staff 37

    Figure 11: Training activities for researchers and research managers in the framework

    of collaborative research 39

    Figure 12: Schematic presentation of the Assessment Tool for University-Business

    Collaborative Research Partnerships (U-B Tool) 44

    Figure 13: Schematic presentation of the relationship between assessment indicators and

    different forms of collaborative research 55

    INDEX OF FIGURES

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    U N I V E R S I T Y - B U S I N E S S C O L L A B O R A T I V E R E S E A R C H : G O A L S , O U T C O M E S A N D N E W A S S E S S M E N T T O O L S

    This project has received funding from the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration under grant agreement no 250442.

    This report is part of a series of EUA publications on the outcomes of the EUIMA project. Additional outcomes of this project include the Assessment Tool for University-Business Research Partnerships (U-B Tool – online self-assessment tool) and two EUA project papers by EUIMA senior advisers Dr David Livesey and Mr Stephen Trueman.

    All materials can be found at www.eua.be

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    U N I V E R S I T Y - B U S I N E S S C O L L A B O R A T I V E R E S E A R C H : G O A L S , O U T C O M E S A N D N E W A S S E S S M E N T T O O L S

    I have always seen as a high priority that we should foster and maintain a productive dialogue with all partners involved with universities